Incidental Mutation 'F6893:Pros1'
ID182
Institutional Source Beutler Lab
Gene Symbol Pros1
Ensembl Gene ENSMUSG00000022912
Gene Nameprotein S (alpha)
Synonymsprotein S
Accession Numbers

Genbank: NM_011173; MGI: 1095733  

Is this an essential gene? Essential (E-score: 1.000) question?
Stock #F6893 (G3) of strain busy
Quality Score
Status Validated
Chromosome16
Chromosomal Location62854307-62929346 bp(+) (GRCm38)
Type of Mutationmissense
DNA Base Change (assembly) T to A at 62924639 bp
ZygosityHeterozygous
Amino Acid Change Valine to Glutamic Acid at position 539 (V539E)
Ref Sequence ENSEMBL: ENSMUSP00000023629 (fasta)
Gene Model predicted gene model for transcript(s): [ENSMUST00000023629]
Predicted Effect probably damaging
Transcript: ENSMUST00000023629
AA Change: V539E

PolyPhen 2 Score 0.979 (Sensitivity: 0.75; Specificity: 0.96)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000023629
Gene: ENSMUSG00000022912
AA Change: V539E

DomainStartEndE-ValueType
GLA 23 86 3.63e-31 SMART
EGF 120 155 4.39e-2 SMART
EGF_CA 157 200 6.91e-9 SMART
EGF_CA 201 242 5.23e-9 SMART
EGF_CA 243 283 1.1e-7 SMART
LamG 321 458 8.55e-22 SMART
LamG 506 646 1.57e-1 SMART
Predicted Effect noncoding transcript
Transcript: ENSMUST00000127502
Meta Mutation Damage Score 0.06 question?
Coding Region Coverage
  • 1x: 88.7%
  • 3x: 74.0%
Validation Efficiency 88% (165/188)
MGI Phenotype FUNCTION: This gene encodes a vitamin K-dependent protein with key roles in multiple biological processes including coagulation, apoptosis and vasculogenesis. The encoded protein undergoes proteolytic processing to generate a mature protein which is secreted into the plasma. Mice lacking the encoded protein die in utero from a fulminant coagulopathy and associated hemorrhages. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2015]
PHENOTYPE: Mice homozygous for a knock-out allele exhibit neonatal lethality associated with thrombosis, hemorrhage, and thrombocytopenia. [provided by MGI curators]
Allele List at MGI

All alleles(5) : Targeted, knock-out(1) Targeted, other(2) Gene trapped(2)

Other mutations in this stock
Total: 35 list
GeneRefVarChr/LocMutationPredicted EffectZygosity
Abca14 G A 7: 120,325,038 V1638M probably damaging Het
Agrn C T 4: 156,174,179 R972Q probably benign Het
Anxa3 T C 5: 96,824,994 probably benign Het
Bpifa6 G T 2: 153,987,158 D202Y probably damaging Het
Ccdc15 G A 9: 37,315,640 T346I probably damaging Homo
Celsr3 G A 9: 108,835,067 R1731H probably benign Het
Ces4a A G 8: 105,147,227 R443G possibly damaging Het
Chd2 T C 7: 73,507,872 Q175R possibly damaging Het
Dpyd T A 3: 118,804,134 probably null Het
Dscam G T 16: 97,056,460 H117N possibly damaging Het
F13a1 A G 13: 36,972,025 Y205H probably damaging Het
Fat3 A C 9: 16,006,789 L1446R probably damaging Homo
Golga4 T C 9: 118,553,457 L515S probably damaging Het
Hoxb1 A T 11: 96,365,902 T26S probably benign Het
Igsf10 T G 3: 59,331,060 T567P probably damaging Het
Lamb2 T C 9: 108,482,556 V365A probably benign Het
Mepe A G 5: 104,337,376 I127M possibly damaging Het
Mpi A T 9: 57,546,549 M230K probably benign Homo
Myh4 A G 11: 67,255,457 D1447G probably null Homo
Olfr161 A G 16: 3,593,163 I256V possibly damaging Het
Olfr350 A G 2: 36,850,807 T254A probably benign Het
Panx2 T C 15: 89,068,010 Y227H probably damaging Homo
Pdzd7 A G 19: 45,036,734 W441R probably damaging Het
Poldip2 A G 11: 78,519,194 I267M probably damaging Homo
Sacs T C 14: 61,212,976 M4157T probably benign Het
Slc45a3 A G 1: 131,981,337 E424G probably benign Homo
Slc9a1 A G 4: 133,422,146 E761G probably benign Homo
Stab2 G A 10: 86,855,171 P2178L probably damaging Het
Syt4 C T 18: 31,444,221 V27I possibly damaging Homo
Thumpd1 T A 7: 119,720,576 K56* probably null Het
Tpr A G 1: 150,393,562 K19E possibly damaging Homo
Ttll10 A G 4: 156,048,318 I74T probably benign Het
Txnrd1 C T 10: 82,866,989 Q95* probably null Homo
Zc3h7b A G 15: 81,778,671 E421G possibly damaging Homo
Zc3hc1 G T 6: 30,387,526 D51E probably benign Homo
Other mutations in Pros1
AlleleSourceChrCoordTypePredicted EffectPPH Score
IGL00937:Pros1 APN 16 62910045 missense probably damaging 0.99
IGL01300:Pros1 APN 16 62913811 missense possibly damaging 0.85
IGL02709:Pros1 APN 16 62898945 missense probably damaging 0.99
IGL03080:Pros1 APN 16 62918143 missense probably damaging 0.98
IGL03095:Pros1 APN 16 62907769 nonsense probably null
R0124:Pros1 UTSW 16 62913946 missense possibly damaging 0.95
R0517:Pros1 UTSW 16 62903518 missense probably benign 0.03
R1113:Pros1 UTSW 16 62913865 missense probably damaging 0.99
R1308:Pros1 UTSW 16 62913865 missense probably damaging 0.99
R1355:Pros1 UTSW 16 62919558 missense probably benign 0.23
R1370:Pros1 UTSW 16 62919558 missense probably benign 0.23
R1517:Pros1 UTSW 16 62885512 missense probably damaging 0.98
R1866:Pros1 UTSW 16 62928135 missense possibly damaging 0.86
R1876:Pros1 UTSW 16 62903518 missense probably damaging 0.96
R2255:Pros1 UTSW 16 62903572 missense possibly damaging 0.86
R2364:Pros1 UTSW 16 62913848 missense probably damaging 0.99
R2369:Pros1 UTSW 16 62928069 missense probably damaging 1.00
R2979:Pros1 UTSW 16 62913866 missense probably damaging 0.99
R3724:Pros1 UTSW 16 62900329 missense possibly damaging 0.86
R4056:Pros1 UTSW 16 62900645 nonsense probably null
R4556:Pros1 UTSW 16 62900673 missense possibly damaging 0.95
R4688:Pros1 UTSW 16 62889007 critical splice donor site probably null
R4850:Pros1 UTSW 16 62885524 missense probably damaging 0.98
R4923:Pros1 UTSW 16 62903572 missense possibly damaging 0.86
R5008:Pros1 UTSW 16 62928185 missense possibly damaging 0.53
R5370:Pros1 UTSW 16 62913976 missense probably benign 0.01
R5580:Pros1 UTSW 16 62926326 critical splice acceptor site probably null
R5930:Pros1 UTSW 16 62928061 missense probably damaging 0.96
R5974:Pros1 UTSW 16 62900667 missense probably damaging 0.98
R6233:Pros1 UTSW 16 62898921 missense possibly damaging 0.47
R6949:Pros1 UTSW 16 62924575 missense probably benign 0.01
Nature of Mutation
DNA sequencing using the SOLiD technique identified a T to A transversion at position 1711 of the Pros1 transcript in exon 13 of 15 total exons.  Three transcripts of the Pros1 gene are displayed on EnsemblThe mutated nucleotide causes a valine to glutamic acid substitution at amino acid 539 of the encoded protein. The mutation has been confirmed by DNA sequencing using the Sanger method (Figure 1)..
 
Protein Function and Prediction
The Pros1 gene encodes a 675 amino acid protein that is a cofactor to activated protein C in the degradation of coagulation factors Va and VIIIa. It helps to prevent coagulation and stimulating fibrinolysis. Protein S contains four EGF-like domains, one gamma-carboxyglutamate domain and two laminin G-like domains (Uniprot Q08761). Mice homozygous for a knock-out allele exhibit neonatal lethality associated with thrombosis, hemorrhage, and thrombocytopenia.
 
The V539E change occurs in the second laminin G-like domain, and is predicted to be probably damaging by the PolyPhen program.
Posted On2010-05-03