Incidental Mutation 'R1852:Enam'
ID208195
Institutional Source Beutler Lab
Gene Symbol Enam
Ensembl Gene ENSMUSG00000029286
Gene Nameenamelin
Synonymsabte
MMRRC Submission 039876-MU
Accession Numbers
Is this an essential gene? Possibly essential (E-score: 0.656) question?
Stock #R1852 (G1)
Quality Score225
Status Not validated
Chromosome5
Chromosomal Location88487975-88506049 bp(+) (GRCm38)
Type of Mutationmissense
DNA Base Change (assembly) T to A at 88504465 bp
ZygosityHeterozygous
Amino Acid Change Serine to Threonine at position 1278 (S1278T)
Ref Sequence ENSEMBL: ENSMUSP00000142854 (fasta)
Gene Model predicted gene model for transcript(s): [ENSMUST00000031222] [ENSMUST00000199104]
Predicted Effect possibly damaging
Transcript: ENSMUST00000031222
AA Change: S1203T

PolyPhen 2 Score 0.905 (Sensitivity: 0.82; Specificity: 0.94)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000031222
Gene: ENSMUSG00000029286
AA Change: S1203T

DomainStartEndE-ValueType
low complexity region 25 38 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 67 114 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 128 150 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 159 167 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 173 187 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 203 214 N/A INTRINSIC
Pfam:Enamelin 216 441 5.4e-74 PFAM
Pfam:Enamelin 503 1249 1.9e-303 PFAM
Predicted Effect possibly damaging
Transcript: ENSMUST00000199104
AA Change: S1278T

PolyPhen 2 Score 0.922 (Sensitivity: 0.81; Specificity: 0.94)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000142854
Gene: ENSMUSG00000029286
AA Change: S1278T

DomainStartEndE-ValueType
low complexity region 100 113 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 142 189 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 203 225 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 234 242 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 248 262 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 278 289 N/A INTRINSIC
Pfam:Enamelin 291 510 2.5e-74 PFAM
Pfam:Enamelin 550 1325 N/A PFAM
Coding Region Coverage
  • 1x: 97.4%
  • 3x: 96.8%
  • 10x: 95.0%
  • 20x: 91.6%
Validation Efficiency
MGI Phenotype FUNCTION: [Summary is not available for the mouse gene. This summary is for the human ortholog.] Dental enamel forms the outer cap of teeth and is the hardest substance found in vertebrates. This gene encodes the largest protein in the enamel matrix of developing teeth. The protein is involved in the mineralization and structural organization of enamel. Defects in this gene result in amelogenesis imperfect type 1C.[provided by RefSeq, Oct 2009]
PHENOTYPE: Homozygous null mice lack true enamel due to loss of mineralization at the secretory surface of ameloblasts and mandibular incisors are opaque with a rough surface and abnormal wear on the incisal edge. ENU-induced mutant mice provide models for various clinical subtypes of amelogenesis imperfecta. [provided by MGI curators]
Allele List at MGI
Other mutations in this stock
Total: 106 list
GeneRefVarChr/LocMutationPredicted EffectZygosity
2610507B11Rik A G 11: 78,268,473 D499G probably damaging Het
2900092C05Rik A G 7: 12,512,702 probably null Het
4930433I11Rik T A 7: 40,993,613 D326E probably benign Het
A530032D15Rik G A 1: 85,085,131 probably benign Het
Abca8a T C 11: 110,069,386 D676G probably damaging Het
Abcb7 T C X: 104,305,399 M153V probably benign Het
Ablim3 G A 18: 61,849,395 H160Y probably benign Het
Acsl6 T C 11: 54,361,076 I683T probably damaging Het
Adgrg5 A T 8: 94,937,800 Y345F probably damaging Het
Alg6 T G 4: 99,746,362 F114V probably benign Het
Ank2 A C 3: 126,997,851 probably null Het
Ankrd24 A T 10: 81,642,941 probably benign Het
Ano8 T C 8: 71,483,487 K222E probably damaging Het
Arhgef5 T C 6: 43,275,185 S957P probably benign Het
Bmpr1b A T 3: 141,857,402 probably null Het
C3 A G 17: 57,222,823 V2A probably damaging Het
Capn1 A G 19: 6,009,103 V276A possibly damaging Het
Ccdc57 T C 11: 120,921,673 E85G probably damaging Het
Chil3 C T 3: 106,148,801 probably null Het
Chl1 A T 6: 103,699,159 probably null Het
Chodl C T 16: 78,941,258 P38L probably benign Het
Clec4a2 G T 6: 123,139,125 E124* probably null Het
Cmtr1 T C 17: 29,702,255 V825A probably benign Het
Cnksr3 T C 10: 7,120,539 I232V probably benign Het
Cntn1 C T 15: 92,305,140 R768C probably damaging Het
Col15a1 G T 4: 47,299,278 probably null Het
Col6a3 T A 1: 90,807,534 I798F possibly damaging Het
Cpxcr1 T A X: 116,478,061 L223* probably null Het
Cul1 A G 6: 47,520,830 N615S probably damaging Het
Cxcr2 A G 1: 74,159,279 I311V probably benign Het
Cyp2c67 C T 19: 39,617,367 G362S probably benign Het
D930048N14Rik T A 11: 51,653,865 probably benign Het
Ddx49 T C 8: 70,300,983 T79A probably damaging Het
Defb46 T A 8: 19,239,975 probably null Het
Dnah17 T A 11: 118,121,916 I145F probably damaging Het
Dock8 A T 19: 25,127,128 I725F probably benign Het
Dppa4 G A 16: 48,287,884 A11T probably damaging Het
Fndc3a A G 14: 72,556,843 V829A probably damaging Het
Gatb T G 3: 85,618,877 L354R probably damaging Het
Gm10787 A T 10: 77,021,877 noncoding transcript Het
Gm13084 T C 4: 143,812,826 I32M probably benign Het
Gsap T A 5: 21,290,545 probably null Het
Gtf2ird1 T C 5: 134,382,580 probably null Het
Has3 A T 8: 106,874,079 I58F probably damaging Het
Haus5 A T 7: 30,658,501 probably null Het
Hip1r T C 5: 123,991,505 V169A probably benign Het
Hnf1a T A 5: 114,970,711 D45V probably damaging Het
Il20ra T A 10: 19,743,019 Y72N probably damaging Het
Ipo11 A T 13: 106,812,257 V914E possibly damaging Het
Itpr1 T C 6: 108,386,706 L763P probably damaging Het
Katnal2 C A 18: 77,016,023 R104L probably benign Het
Kcng4 G T 8: 119,626,208 P321Q probably benign Het
Larp4b T C 13: 9,137,303 probably null Het
Lars T C 18: 42,212,608 N1001S probably benign Het
Lhcgr T A 17: 88,765,176 I148F probably damaging Het
Lsm10 T A 4: 126,097,963 S37R possibly damaging Het
Mfsd13a A G 19: 46,372,180 probably null Het
Mipep T A 14: 60,843,240 C560* probably null Het
Mme A G 3: 63,327,983 S97G probably benign Het
Mme G A 3: 63,328,046 D172N probably benign Het
Mx1 A T 16: 97,448,203 L608Q probably damaging Het
Myt1l T C 12: 29,851,661 M208T probably benign Het
Neb T C 2: 52,228,542 I3987V probably damaging Het
Nelfcd A G 2: 174,423,978 probably null Het
Neto1 T C 18: 86,395,884 M1T probably null Het
Nom1 T C 5: 29,446,878 F738S possibly damaging Het
Olfr1137 T C 2: 87,710,973 probably null Het
Olfr1160 T G 2: 88,006,521 I86L probably damaging Het
Olfr1314 C A 2: 112,091,847 V285L probably benign Het
Olfr1420 C A 19: 11,896,885 P288H probably damaging Het
Olfr1487 C T 19: 13,619,603 S147F probably damaging Het
Olfr523 T A 7: 140,176,561 L147* probably null Het
Olfr572 C T 7: 102,928,441 S271L probably damaging Het
Olfr772 T C 10: 129,174,328 K231R probably benign Het
Pak1ip1 A G 13: 41,011,232 T264A possibly damaging Het
Palb2 G T 7: 122,114,314 D915E possibly damaging Het
Pank4 T C 4: 154,976,359 L491P probably damaging Het
Paqr7 T C 4: 134,507,669 V279A probably benign Het
Pcif1 G A 2: 164,888,466 R373Q probably damaging Het
Pdgfa T A 5: 138,979,172 N185I probably benign Het
Plcd4 T C 1: 74,549,361 V123A possibly damaging Het
Prune2 A G 19: 17,199,139 I154V probably damaging Het
Rac3 T G 11: 120,723,494 L148R possibly damaging Het
Rapgef6 T A 11: 54,642,811 D362E probably benign Het
Rbl1 A G 2: 157,174,903 I592T probably benign Het
Rbl2 A C 8: 91,095,563 D408A possibly damaging Het
Retreg2 A G 1: 75,146,675 K416E probably benign Het
Rorb A T 19: 18,962,083 L234H probably damaging Het
Rpp40 T G 13: 35,896,914 D279A probably benign Het
Siglec1 C A 2: 131,081,500 V442L probably damaging Het
Sik3 C G 9: 46,221,089 H1276Q probably benign Het
Skiv2l2 A T 13: 112,872,927 H979Q probably benign Het
Slc25a34 G A 4: 141,622,268 T192I probably benign Het
Sptbn5 T C 2: 120,071,644 I126M possibly damaging Het
Strada A G 11: 106,171,221 V94A possibly damaging Het
Stxbp5 C A 10: 9,812,298 V420F possibly damaging Het
Tcrg-C3 A T 13: 19,261,091 M70L probably damaging Het
Tgm1 T C 14: 55,704,941 Y651C probably damaging Het
Tmem200c T A 17: 68,840,617 V65E probably damaging Het
Tmem74 A T 15: 43,867,163 D161E probably benign Het
Vcan T G 13: 89,705,392 E483A probably damaging Het
Vmn2r124 A G 17: 18,063,174 T377A probably benign Het
Vmn2r3 A C 3: 64,259,394 I772S probably damaging Het
Wdfy3 A G 5: 101,915,376 V1342A probably benign Het
Zfp507 T C 7: 35,787,751 H764R probably damaging Het
Znrf3 A G 11: 5,287,455 I218T possibly damaging Het
Other mutations in Enam
AlleleSourceChrCoordTypePredicted EffectPPH Score
IGL00769:Enam APN 5 88501484 missense possibly damaging 0.83
IGL01611:Enam APN 5 88503749 missense probably damaging 0.99
IGL01802:Enam APN 5 88503674 missense possibly damaging 0.93
IGL02220:Enam APN 5 88504559 nonsense probably null
IGL02371:Enam APN 5 88502809 missense probably benign 0.39
IGL02596:Enam APN 5 88503026 missense probably benign 0.01
IGL03026:Enam APN 5 88503299 missense probably benign 0.38
IGL03303:Enam APN 5 88504591 missense probably benign 0.12
opinionated UTSW 5 88503026 missense probably benign 0.04
recalcitrant UTSW 5 88503791 nonsense probably null
R0200:Enam UTSW 5 88493027 missense possibly damaging 0.96
R0230:Enam UTSW 5 88489655 splice site probably benign
R0395:Enam UTSW 5 88501508 missense probably damaging 0.99
R0548:Enam UTSW 5 88503105 missense probably damaging 0.96
R0608:Enam UTSW 5 88493027 missense possibly damaging 0.96
R0724:Enam UTSW 5 88501994 missense probably damaging 1.00
R0927:Enam UTSW 5 88494060 missense possibly damaging 0.72
R1023:Enam UTSW 5 88501967 missense probably damaging 0.99
R1053:Enam UTSW 5 88504019 missense possibly damaging 0.64
R1169:Enam UTSW 5 88503258 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1230:Enam UTSW 5 88494068 missense probably damaging 0.99
R1324:Enam UTSW 5 88494068 missense possibly damaging 0.53
R1663:Enam UTSW 5 88503994 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1727:Enam UTSW 5 88503994 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1750:Enam UTSW 5 88503227 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1907:Enam UTSW 5 88504622 missense possibly damaging 0.86
R2104:Enam UTSW 5 88501787 missense probably damaging 1.00
R2143:Enam UTSW 5 88492920 missense probably benign 0.02
R2196:Enam UTSW 5 88502744 missense probably damaging 0.99
R2363:Enam UTSW 5 88503149 missense probably benign 0.24
R2497:Enam UTSW 5 88502694 missense probably benign 0.13
R3615:Enam UTSW 5 88504447 missense possibly damaging 0.81
R3616:Enam UTSW 5 88504447 missense possibly damaging 0.81
R3782:Enam UTSW 5 88502815 missense probably damaging 1.00
R4067:Enam UTSW 5 88503377 missense probably damaging 1.00
R4349:Enam UTSW 5 88503548 missense probably damaging 0.99
R4604:Enam UTSW 5 88504283 missense possibly damaging 0.93
R4649:Enam UTSW 5 88492968 missense probably benign 0.02
R4702:Enam UTSW 5 88503791 nonsense probably null
R4703:Enam UTSW 5 88503791 nonsense probably null
R4704:Enam UTSW 5 88503791 nonsense probably null
R4705:Enam UTSW 5 88503791 nonsense probably null
R4714:Enam UTSW 5 88503536 missense probably damaging 1.00
R4748:Enam UTSW 5 88501543 missense probably damaging 1.00
R4838:Enam UTSW 5 88493108 nonsense probably null
R4840:Enam UTSW 5 88503026 missense probably benign 0.04
R4856:Enam UTSW 5 88488734 nonsense probably null
R4886:Enam UTSW 5 88488734 nonsense probably null
R4910:Enam UTSW 5 88502314 missense probably benign
R4911:Enam UTSW 5 88502314 missense probably benign
R6103:Enam UTSW 5 88502328 missense probably damaging 0.96
R6651:Enam UTSW 5 88502917 missense probably damaging 0.98
R6759:Enam UTSW 5 88501691 missense probably damaging 1.00
R7282:Enam UTSW 5 88502327 missense probably damaging 0.99
R7365:Enam UTSW 5 88501488 missense possibly damaging 0.75
R7392:Enam UTSW 5 88501664 missense probably damaging 0.99
R7483:Enam UTSW 5 88501820 missense probably damaging 1.00
X0018:Enam UTSW 5 88502691 nonsense probably null
Predicted Primers PCR Primer
(F):5'- TTTTGAAGGCAGCCAGCTGAG -3'
(R):5'- TAAGCAGCCTTGGTCCTGTG -3'

Sequencing Primer
(F):5'- GTGAAAGAACTGCTGGCCTTACTC -3'
(R):5'- GACTGGTTCCTTGAAAAGATTCGAG -3'
Posted On2014-06-23