Incidental Mutation 'R2058:Gcm2'
ID228401
Institutional Source Beutler Lab
Gene Symbol Gcm2
Ensembl Gene ENSMUSG00000021362
Gene Nameglial cells missing homolog 2
SynonymsGcm1-rs2
MMRRC Submission 040063-MU
Accession Numbers
Is this an essential gene? Possibly essential (E-score: 0.611) question?
Stock #R2058 (G1)
Quality Score225
Status Validated
Chromosome13
Chromosomal Location41101427-41111035 bp(-) (GRCm38)
Type of Mutationstart codon destroyed
DNA Base Change (assembly) T to C at 41109954 bp
ZygosityHeterozygous
Amino Acid Change Methionine to Valine at position 1 (M1V)
Ref Sequence ENSEMBL: ENSMUSP00000153244 (fasta)
Gene Model predicted gene model for transcript(s): [ENSMUST00000021791] [ENSMUST00000124093] [ENSMUST00000225271]
Predicted Effect probably null
Transcript: ENSMUST00000021791
AA Change: M1V

PolyPhen 2 Score 0.131 (Sensitivity: 0.93; Specificity: 0.86)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000021791
Gene: ENSMUSG00000021362
AA Change: M1V

DomainStartEndE-ValueType
Pfam:GCM 35 172 4.8e-74 PFAM
Predicted Effect probably benign
Transcript: ENSMUST00000124093
Predicted Effect probably null
Transcript: ENSMUST00000225271
AA Change: M1V

PolyPhen 2 Score 0.278 (Sensitivity: 0.91; Specificity: 0.88)
Predicted Effect noncoding transcript
Transcript: ENSMUST00000225420
Meta Mutation Damage Score 0.302 question?
Coding Region Coverage
  • 1x: 99.1%
  • 3x: 98.5%
  • 10x: 97.1%
  • 20x: 94.6%
Validation Efficiency 99% (94/95)
MGI Phenotype FUNCTION: [Summary is not available for the mouse gene. This summary is for the human ortholog.] This gene is a homolog of the Drosophila glial cells missing gene, which is thought to act as a binary switch between neuronal and glial cell determination. The protein encoded by this gene contains a conserved N-terminal GCM motif that has DNA-binding activity. The protein is a transcription factor that acts as a master regulator of parathyroid development. It has been suggested that this transcription factor might mediate the effect of calcium on parathyroid hormone expression and secretion in parathyroid cells. Mutations in this gene are associated with hypoparathyroidism. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
PHENOTYPE: Homozygous null mice lack parathyroid glands and exhibit hypocalcemia, hypophosphatemia, a mild abnormal bone phenotype, and partial perinatal lethality. Hypoparathyroidism is observed although parathyroid hormone serum levels are normal. [provided by MGI curators]
Allele List at MGI
Other mutations in this stock
Total: 94 list
GeneRefVarChr/LocMutationPredicted EffectZygosity
Adam18 A T 8: 24,672,066 probably benign Het
Adgrf5 A G 17: 43,428,586 Y72C possibly damaging Het
Alas1 T C 9: 106,241,290 E211G probably damaging Het
Alkbh1 C T 12: 87,443,750 probably benign Het
Ano1 A G 7: 144,648,052 V334A probably damaging Het
Arhgap18 C T 10: 26,854,908 T122I probably benign Het
Arhgef4 A G 1: 34,722,377 K238R unknown Het
Atf6b A T 17: 34,648,575 probably null Het
Atp2a1 G A 7: 126,447,672 A847V possibly damaging Het
Baz1b T A 5: 135,217,225 N509K probably benign Het
BC051076 A T 5: 87,963,985 noncoding transcript Het
Cage1 A G 13: 38,023,380 V163A probably benign Het
Canx T C 11: 50,304,425 N272S probably damaging Het
Cd302 T A 2: 60,252,423 I186F possibly damaging Het
Cd84 A G 1: 171,872,750 T145A possibly damaging Het
Cep112 T A 11: 108,519,261 probably null Het
Cmtm4 A C 8: 104,355,288 F156V probably damaging Het
Col4a1 T A 8: 11,210,792 D1330V probably damaging Het
Ctsa T G 2: 164,834,902 M136R probably null Het
Cyp2d10 T A 15: 82,403,814 I363F probably damaging Het
Dmbt1 G A 7: 131,106,170 A1381T possibly damaging Het
Dmwd T A 7: 19,080,727 L434Q probably damaging Het
Fat4 T A 3: 38,891,170 M1404K possibly damaging Het
Gcc2 T A 10: 58,285,957 S1102T probably benign Het
Gna14 G C 19: 16,608,141 probably benign Het
Gsk3b T A 16: 38,187,909 D192E probably benign Het
Gulo A G 14: 65,991,159 V270A possibly damaging Het
Hps5 T A 7: 46,768,051 D904V probably damaging Het
Il7 A T 3: 7,573,915 N130K probably damaging Het
Jak3 A T 8: 71,685,383 probably null Het
Klhl6 T G 16: 19,982,931 T25P probably benign Het
Kremen2 T C 17: 23,742,717 E272G possibly damaging Het
Map3k21 A G 8: 125,938,722 K550R probably benign Het
Mphosph10 T A 7: 64,376,751 L650F probably damaging Het
Mrpl48 T C 7: 100,549,333 E204G probably damaging Het
Msh5 A C 17: 35,029,756 V738G probably damaging Het
Mybph G A 1: 134,200,119 C473Y probably damaging Het
Nid1 A C 13: 13,500,473 H926P probably benign Het
Nlrp9a T A 7: 26,557,362 I46K possibly damaging Het
Notch3 T C 17: 32,143,644 T1336A probably benign Het
Nsun4 T C 4: 116,053,680 probably null Het
Olfr1023 A T 2: 85,886,952 T51S possibly damaging Het
Olfr390 A G 11: 73,787,274 N112S probably benign Het
Osgin1 A G 8: 119,445,673 D402G possibly damaging Het
Patl1 A G 19: 11,932,147 E479G possibly damaging Het
Pbsn T C X: 77,847,976 K72E probably damaging Het
Pcdhb13 A G 18: 37,444,567 Q666R possibly damaging Het
Pi4k2b G A 5: 52,750,680 V131I probably benign Het
Pkn2 G A 3: 142,853,471 H98Y possibly damaging Het
Pms1 A G 1: 53,275,168 Y73H probably benign Het
Ppt2 A T 17: 34,622,844 probably benign Het
Prkdc A G 16: 15,727,605 T1862A probably benign Het
Prl6a1 T C 13: 27,319,098 Y231H probably benign Het
Ranbp3l T A 15: 9,000,817 V41D probably damaging Het
Rhobtb2 T C 14: 69,794,039 T546A possibly damaging Het
Ripk4 A T 16: 97,744,142 L372* probably null Het
Rnf126 A G 10: 79,759,137 probably benign Het
S100pbp A G 4: 129,182,100 V144A probably benign Het
Saal1 T C 7: 46,699,456 Q317R probably damaging Het
Sap25 G A 5: 137,642,772 G277R probably damaging Het
Senp2 C T 16: 22,014,199 T79I probably damaging Het
Serpinb9c A T 13: 33,156,871 C81* probably null Het
Set A G 2: 30,069,036 K70E possibly damaging Het
Setd3 A G 12: 108,107,341 I559T probably benign Het
Sik1 A G 17: 31,848,797 S435P probably benign Het
Skint3 A T 4: 112,255,783 K197* probably null Het
Skint5 T A 4: 113,870,700 I402F possibly damaging Het
Slc18a1 G A 8: 69,043,961 T350M probably damaging Het
Slc19a3 A T 1: 83,014,791 I403K probably damaging Het
Slc1a7 C T 4: 108,004,439 T225I probably benign Het
Slc38a4 T C 15: 97,008,725 I336V probably benign Het
Smarcc1 A G 9: 110,118,343 probably benign Het
St8sia5 A T 18: 77,254,763 I390F probably damaging Het
Strc A T 2: 121,378,887 W290R probably damaging Het
Svep1 T C 4: 58,084,554 D1858G possibly damaging Het
Sympk G A 7: 19,043,529 R568Q probably damaging Het
Tex44 A C 1: 86,427,006 K212N probably damaging Het
Tgm4 T C 9: 123,061,770 I54T probably damaging Het
Thrap3 C T 4: 126,180,174 V260I probably damaging Het
Thsd7a A T 6: 12,318,106 probably benign Het
Trim12c A G 7: 104,348,191 F53L possibly damaging Het
Ttc6 T A 12: 57,737,693 D1849E probably benign Het
Ubap2l A T 3: 90,031,376 probably benign Het
Umodl1 G A 17: 31,008,766 probably null Het
Usp17la A C 7: 104,861,171 T328P probably damaging Het
Vmn2r113 T A 17: 22,958,249 L669* probably null Het
Vps13b T A 15: 35,841,447 V2541E probably damaging Het
Wnt3 T C 11: 103,812,285 I198T probably damaging Het
Zfp316 T C 5: 143,263,406 E158G unknown Het
Zfp362 T G 4: 128,786,987 I182L possibly damaging Het
Zfp804a A G 2: 82,257,366 D513G probably benign Het
Zfp879 C T 11: 50,832,601 E543K probably benign Het
Zfp97 T A 17: 17,144,756 N172K possibly damaging Het
Zmym6 A T 4: 127,088,415 K82* probably null Het
Other mutations in Gcm2
AlleleSourceChrCoordTypePredicted EffectPPH Score
IGL01312:Gcm2 APN 13 41103131 missense probably damaging 1.00
IGL01476:Gcm2 APN 13 41105741 missense probably damaging 1.00
IGL02034:Gcm2 APN 13 41105793 missense probably damaging 1.00
IGL02186:Gcm2 APN 13 41104649 missense possibly damaging 0.93
IGL02456:Gcm2 APN 13 41103001 missense probably benign 0.01
IGL03142:Gcm2 APN 13 41103235 missense probably benign 0.01
IGL03184:Gcm2 APN 13 41105412 missense probably damaging 1.00
R0227:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41105856 missense probably damaging 0.99
R1061:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41105871 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1813:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41105891 missense probably benign 0.19
R2057:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41109954 start codon destroyed probably null 0.28
R2059:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41109954 start codon destroyed probably null 0.28
R2351:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41103618 missense probably benign 0.02
R4653:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41102841 missense probably benign 0.21
R4782:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41103494 missense possibly damaging 0.66
R4799:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41103494 missense possibly damaging 0.66
R5135:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41102959 missense probably benign
R5162:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41103655 missense probably benign 0.01
R5665:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41109911 missense possibly damaging 0.73
R5756:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41109896 missense probably damaging 1.00
R5771:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41103515 missense probably benign 0.40
R5928:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41103398 missense probably benign 0.00
R5977:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41103127 missense probably damaging 0.99
R6394:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41109897 missense probably damaging 1.00
R6578:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41105678 missense probably damaging 1.00
R6798:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41105885 missense probably damaging 1.00
R7088:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41103364 missense not run
Z1088:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41102792 missense probably damaging 1.00
Predicted Primers PCR Primer
(F):5'- GCTGACTACTTGGGAACATGTC -3'
(R):5'- TACTGTCTGAATCCCTCCATATCTG -3'

Sequencing Primer
(F):5'- ACTTCCCTACATATCCGAAGATGTG -3'
(R):5'- GTGTGTATATCTGCCTCTCTCTG -3'
Posted On2014-09-17