Incidental Mutation 'R2060:Enpp2'
ID228658
Institutional Source Beutler Lab
Gene Symbol Enpp2
Ensembl Gene ENSMUSG00000022425
Gene Nameectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase 2
SynonymsPdnp2, Npps2, PD-Ialpha, ATX, Autotaxin
MMRRC Submission 040065-MU
Accession Numbers
Is this an essential gene? Essential (E-score: 1.000) question?
Stock #R2060 (G1)
Quality Score225
Status Not validated
Chromosome15
Chromosomal Location54838901-54952892 bp(-) (GRCm38)
Type of Mutationmissense
DNA Base Change (assembly) A to T at 54875714 bp
ZygosityHeterozygous
Amino Acid Change Methionine to Lysine at position 391 (M391K)
Ref Sequence ENSEMBL: ENSMUSP00000133877 (fasta)
Gene Model predicted gene model for transcript(s): [ENSMUST00000041591] [ENSMUST00000167541] [ENSMUST00000171545] [ENSMUST00000173516]
Predicted Effect probably damaging
Transcript: ENSMUST00000041591
AA Change: M339K

PolyPhen 2 Score 1.000 (Sensitivity: 0.00; Specificity: 1.00)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000036180
Gene: ENSMUSG00000022425
AA Change: M339K

DomainStartEndE-ValueType
SO 54 97 4.79e-16 SMART
SO 98 141 2.95e-16 SMART
Pfam:Phosphodiest 165 285 4.7e-41 PFAM
Pfam:Phosphodiest 278 477 3.3e-40 PFAM
Endonuclease_NS 613 844 3.93e-36 SMART
NUC 614 844 1.32e-109 SMART
Predicted Effect probably damaging
Transcript: ENSMUST00000167541
AA Change: M339K

PolyPhen 2 Score 1.000 (Sensitivity: 0.00; Specificity: 1.00)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000132640
Gene: ENSMUSG00000022425
AA Change: M339K

DomainStartEndE-ValueType
SO 54 97 4.79e-16 SMART
SO 98 141 2.95e-16 SMART
Pfam:Phosphodiest 165 284 5.4e-41 PFAM
Pfam:Phosphodiest 278 477 3.4e-40 PFAM
Endonuclease_NS 638 869 3.93e-36 SMART
NUC 639 869 1.32e-109 SMART
Predicted Effect probably damaging
Transcript: ENSMUST00000171545
AA Change: M391K

PolyPhen 2 Score 0.999 (Sensitivity: 0.14; Specificity: 0.99)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000128941
Gene: ENSMUSG00000022425
AA Change: M391K

DomainStartEndE-ValueType
SO 54 97 4.79e-16 SMART
SO 98 141 2.95e-16 SMART
Pfam:Phosphodiest 165 283 2.8e-43 PFAM
Pfam:Phosphodiest 275 529 2.8e-36 PFAM
Endonuclease_NS 665 896 3.93e-36 SMART
NUC 666 896 1.32e-109 SMART
Predicted Effect probably damaging
Transcript: ENSMUST00000173516
AA Change: M391K

PolyPhen 2 Score 1.000 (Sensitivity: 0.00; Specificity: 1.00)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000133877
Gene: ENSMUSG00000022425
AA Change: M391K

DomainStartEndE-ValueType
SO 54 97 4.79e-16 SMART
SO 98 141 2.95e-16 SMART
Pfam:Phosphodiest 165 285 2.8e-41 PFAM
Pfam:Phosphodiest 276 529 7.8e-36 PFAM
Endonuclease_NS 661 892 3.93e-36 SMART
NUC 662 892 1.32e-109 SMART
Predicted Effect noncoding transcript
Transcript: ENSMUST00000227483
Coding Region Coverage
  • 1x: 99.2%
  • 3x: 98.6%
  • 10x: 97.3%
  • 20x: 95.1%
Validation Efficiency
MGI Phenotype FUNCTION: This gene encodes a member of the phosphodiesterase and nucleotide pyrophosphatase family of bifunctional enzymes that hydrolize phosphodiester bonds of various nucleotides. The encoded protein undergoes proteolytic processing to generate a mature protein with lysophospholipase D activity, catalyzing the cleavage of the choline group from lysophosphatidylcholine to produce lysophosphatidic acid. This gene is expressed in numerous tissues and participates in neural development, obesity, inflammation and oncogenesis. A complete lack of the encoded protein in mice results in aberrant vascular and neuronal development leading to embryonic lethality. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms that may undergo similar processing to generate the mature protein. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2015]
PHENOTYPE: Mice homozygous for a null mutation display embryonic lethality during organogenesis, absent yolk sac vasculature, abnormal vasculature, and variable penetrance of impaired embryo turning, edema, failure of chorioallantoic fusion, neural tube malformations, and abnormal forebrain development. [provided by MGI curators]
Allele List at MGI
Other mutations in this stock
Total: 129 list
GeneRefVarChr/LocMutationPredicted EffectZygosity
8430408G22Rik G A 6: 116,651,722 V9M possibly damaging Het
Abca14 G A 7: 120,227,518 W462* probably null Het
Aftph A T 11: 20,692,571 Y821N probably damaging Het
Ahnak A T 19: 9,008,041 M2230L probably benign Het
Arfgap1 T C 2: 180,972,782 F144L probably benign Het
Arid4b C T 13: 14,195,452 R1178C probably damaging Het
Asb8 A T 15: 98,141,373 C49S possibly damaging Het
Baz1b A G 5: 135,205,114 N165S probably damaging Het
BC017158 A G 7: 128,288,331 L176P probably damaging Het
Bod1l A T 5: 41,808,742 I2660N possibly damaging Het
C2cd3 T C 7: 100,454,948 I825T probably damaging Het
C4b A G 17: 34,736,101 W804R probably damaging Het
Cadm3 A T 1: 173,344,402 D201E probably damaging Het
Cdh17 T C 4: 11,803,982 F552L probably benign Het
Cdh7 G C 1: 110,048,877 A91P probably damaging Het
Cela1 A G 15: 100,675,322 probably null Het
Clk3 T C 9: 57,751,117 Y582C probably damaging Het
Cma1 C T 14: 55,943,698 probably null Het
Ctcfl A G 2: 173,118,506 S95P probably benign Het
Cylc1 C A X: 111,123,123 T391K unknown Het
Cyp3a11 T A 5: 145,855,081 I501L probably benign Het
Cyp3a59 T A 5: 146,104,714 L356Q probably damaging Het
Dcdc2a A C 13: 25,107,710 D226A possibly damaging Het
Dlec1 A C 9: 119,112,086 T235P probably damaging Het
Dnaaf1 G A 8: 119,590,602 R290Q probably benign Het
Dnaaf5 C T 5: 139,178,003 R377W probably damaging Het
Dpep1 T A 8: 123,200,391 V293E probably damaging Het
Drosha T A 15: 12,924,159 V1209E possibly damaging Het
Dync2h1 T G 9: 7,162,802 I596L possibly damaging Het
Edem1 T A 6: 108,854,287 Y570N probably damaging Het
Edrf1 G T 7: 133,657,129 E9* probably null Het
Enpep T A 3: 129,280,523 N792Y probably benign Het
Fanca A C 8: 123,274,481 V1105G probably damaging Het
Fbxo22 T A 9: 55,218,383 L74I probably damaging Het
Fchsd2 T A 7: 101,277,417 F571L probably benign Het
Fhad1 T C 4: 141,899,249 D1345G probably benign Het
G2e3 T C 12: 51,372,606 F702L probably damaging Het
Glce A T 9: 62,060,946 S308T possibly damaging Het
Glt1d1 A G 5: 127,657,119 D119G probably benign Het
Gpr137c T C 14: 45,244,159 I144T probably damaging Het
Gprin3 A G 6: 59,354,519 C268R possibly damaging Het
Hadha G A 5: 30,128,836 T395M probably benign Het
Hdhd2 T G 18: 76,965,042 probably null Het
Homer2 C T 7: 81,618,703 E70K probably benign Het
Hp1bp3 T A 4: 138,240,672 D397E probably damaging Het
Hrh3 T C 2: 180,101,250 N195S possibly damaging Het
Hyou1 T C 9: 44,381,552 V153A probably benign Het
Igf2r A T 17: 12,701,319 S1378T possibly damaging Het
Ints4 G A 7: 97,501,763 R279H possibly damaging Het
Itga10 A T 3: 96,654,998 R699* probably null Het
Itpkb A G 1: 180,421,858 T933A probably benign Het
Itsn2 T G 12: 4,627,879 F79V probably damaging Het
Jak3 C A 8: 71,680,714 C350* probably null Het
Jak3 A T 8: 71,683,415 K620* probably null Het
Kcnq5 T C 1: 21,461,597 S421G probably benign Het
Kdm2b A T 5: 122,883,365 M50K probably damaging Het
Klk1b1 A G 7: 43,970,623 D170G possibly damaging Het
Lama3 A T 18: 12,528,726 T2160S probably benign Het
Lman1 A T 18: 65,998,352 probably benign Het
Lmtk3 G A 7: 45,800,911 probably null Het
Ltb A G 17: 35,195,763 R180G probably damaging Het
Ltbp4 C T 7: 27,308,953 R1310Q probably damaging Het
Macf1 T A 4: 123,499,919 probably null Het
Mast4 G T 13: 102,738,846 P1146Q probably damaging Het
Micall2 C T 5: 139,711,562 S678N probably damaging Het
Mon2 A T 10: 122,995,776 I1675N probably damaging Het
Mug2 A G 6: 122,079,612 N1172S probably benign Het
Naa30 C G 14: 49,173,099 S161R possibly damaging Het
Ncaph T C 2: 127,124,875 N220D probably damaging Het
Nell1 T C 7: 50,560,830 V497A possibly damaging Het
Ngly1 A G 14: 16,277,877 N142S possibly damaging Het
Nin T A 12: 70,042,418 T1408S possibly damaging Het
Nlrp4g T A 9: 124,349,693 noncoding transcript Het
Nrg1 T G 8: 31,918,015 E63D probably damaging Het
Ntn4 C T 10: 93,707,353 R314W probably damaging Het
Olfr1167 T C 2: 88,149,143 Y292C probably damaging Het
Olfr128 A G 17: 37,923,880 T105A probably benign Het
Olfr473 C T 7: 107,933,661 T47M probably benign Het
Olfr522 T A 7: 140,162,824 E42V probably damaging Het
Olfr845 A G 9: 19,339,056 I199V probably benign Het
Olfr851 T A 9: 19,497,237 V163E possibly damaging Het
Olfr867 A T 9: 20,054,596 I289N probably damaging Het
Olfr998 G A 2: 85,591,283 V248I possibly damaging Het
Orc5 C T 5: 22,516,703 probably null Het
Pard3 G A 8: 127,398,604 R691Q probably benign Het
Pofut1 T A 2: 153,243,660 D54E probably benign Het
Prl2c5 T A 13: 13,190,653 V128E probably damaging Het
Ptk7 T C 17: 46,566,238 M965V possibly damaging Het
Pum2 C T 12: 8,728,726 R459* probably null Het
Pzp A T 6: 128,483,710 N1494K probably benign Het
Rad21l A G 2: 151,645,429 V545A probably benign Het
Rps6kc1 A T 1: 190,810,108 M352K possibly damaging Het
Rpusd2 G A 2: 119,037,215 probably null Het
Rsph14 A T 10: 75,029,771 D78E probably damaging Het
Rtl9 A T X: 143,102,030 M813L possibly damaging Het
Rtp4 A T 16: 23,612,940 H74L probably damaging Het
Rusc1 G A 3: 89,087,848 T725I possibly damaging Het
Ryr2 C T 13: 11,595,736 C4068Y probably damaging Het
Ryr3 A G 2: 112,954,364 V224A possibly damaging Het
Shprh A T 10: 11,152,120 N157I probably benign Het
Siglece A G 7: 43,657,786 I67T probably benign Het
Slc9b2 A T 3: 135,326,266 T296S probably damaging Het
Sorbs2 A G 8: 45,775,629 K276E probably damaging Het
Synj2 A G 17: 6,037,480 T1269A probably benign Het
Taar7b T C 10: 24,000,675 I246T possibly damaging Het
Taldo1 A G 7: 141,396,154 Y113C probably damaging Het
Tarbp1 A T 8: 126,447,594 probably null Het
Tars C T 15: 11,394,373 M59I probably benign Het
Tas2r130 G A 6: 131,630,817 T5I probably benign Het
Tex48 T C 4: 63,607,415 E77G probably damaging Het
Tmco5 A G 2: 116,892,255 R286G probably damaging Het
Trdmt1 A T 2: 13,519,914 H243Q probably benign Het
Ttn T A 2: 76,734,294 R26754* probably null Het
Ttn G A 2: 76,897,580 probably benign Het
Ubqln3 A C 7: 104,142,151 L244R probably damaging Het
Ubxn1 C T 19: 8,873,566 R115* probably null Het
Umod T G 7: 119,476,715 N276T probably damaging Het
Unc13c A T 9: 73,665,656 L1528Q probably damaging Het
Unc80 T A 1: 66,640,595 H2108Q possibly damaging Het
Utp20 A C 10: 88,774,795 D1442E probably damaging Het
Utp4 A G 8: 106,898,521 Q144R probably benign Het
Vmn2r17 T A 5: 109,427,209 N127K probably benign Het
Vmn2r75 T A 7: 86,165,164 T374S probably benign Het
Washc5 A G 15: 59,350,408 F523L probably damaging Het
Wdr3 A T 3: 100,159,897 probably null Het
Wdr89 T C 12: 75,632,988 Y164C probably damaging Het
Xpo5 T C 17: 46,225,091 S550P probably damaging Het
Zfp69 T C 4: 120,930,832 T429A probably damaging Het
Zfpm1 G T 8: 122,336,592 G797C probably benign Het
Other mutations in Enpp2
AlleleSourceChrCoordTypePredicted EffectPPH Score
IGL00857:Enpp2 APN 15 54875650 critical splice donor site probably null
IGL01290:Enpp2 APN 15 54919602 missense possibly damaging 0.79
IGL01296:Enpp2 APN 15 54875669 missense probably damaging 1.00
IGL01650:Enpp2 APN 15 54919933 missense probably benign
IGL02470:Enpp2 APN 15 54839460 missense probably damaging 1.00
IGL02522:Enpp2 APN 15 54898940 missense probably damaging 0.99
IGL02727:Enpp2 APN 15 54910181 missense probably damaging 1.00
IGL03178:Enpp2 APN 15 54866006 missense probably benign
IGL03055:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54866085 intron probably null
PIT4260001:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54844378 critical splice donor site probably null
R0302:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54860061 missense probably benign 0.15
R0304:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54877806 missense probably benign 0.07
R0385:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54882159 missense probably damaging 1.00
R0440:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54847237 splice site probably benign
R0696:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54897696 nonsense probably null
R0879:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54877930 missense probably damaging 0.98
R0924:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54906959 splice site probably benign
R0989:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54875759 missense possibly damaging 0.88
R1126:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54906826 critical splice donor site probably null
R1434:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54862681 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1447:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54919598 critical splice donor site probably null
R1464:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54863812 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1464:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54863812 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1501:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54839514 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1546:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54845829 missense probably benign 0.01
R1673:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54910196 splice site probably null
R1853:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54845823 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1854:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54845823 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1855:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54845823 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1969:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54882982 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1970:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54882982 missense probably damaging 1.00
R2122:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54897792 nonsense probably null
R2275:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54897794 missense probably damaging 1.00
R2517:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54919694 missense probably damaging 0.99
R3881:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54919692 missense probably damaging 1.00
R3934:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54845921 missense probably benign 0.03
R4722:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54887589 missense probably damaging 0.99
R4765:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54875672 missense possibly damaging 0.91
R4799:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54910094 missense probably damaging 1.00
R4934:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54882147 missense probably damaging 1.00
R4976:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54870305 nonsense probably null
R5068:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54864054 missense probably damaging 1.00
R5069:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54864054 missense probably damaging 1.00
R5070:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54864054 missense probably damaging 1.00
R5119:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54870305 nonsense probably null
R5134:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54899330 missense probably damaging 1.00
R5162:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54847296 missense probably benign 0.06
R5218:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54887586 missense possibly damaging 0.86
R5415:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54882156 missense probably damaging 1.00
R5965:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54882971 critical splice donor site probably null
R6086:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54845834 missense probably damaging 1.00
R6229:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54877832 missense probably damaging 1.00
R6306:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54899346 missense probably damaging 1.00
R6314:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54865970 missense probably damaging 0.99
R6403:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54863764 missense probably damaging 1.00
R6515:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54860093 missense possibly damaging 0.75
R6525:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54870211 missense probably benign 0.01
R6536:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54862631 missense probably damaging 1.00
R7070:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54899289 missense probably damaging 1.00
R7077:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54901391 missense probably benign 0.36
Predicted Primers PCR Primer
(F):5'- AATACCCTGGGAAACTTCTGAC -3'
(R):5'- GACAAAACTCTGCCTCTGGG -3'

Sequencing Primer
(F):5'- GTCCTGGAACTCACTCTATAGACTAG -3'
(R):5'- GGCCAGAAGTTTTCTTTCCAGAATG -3'
Posted On2014-09-17