Incidental Mutation 'R2143:Enam'
ID236480
Institutional Source Beutler Lab
Gene Symbol Enam
Ensembl Gene ENSMUSG00000029286
Gene Nameenamelin
Synonymsabte
MMRRC Submission 040146-MU
Accession Numbers
Is this an essential gene? Possibly essential (E-score: 0.631) question?
Stock #R2143 (G1)
Quality Score225
Status Not validated
Chromosome5
Chromosomal Location88487975-88506049 bp(+) (GRCm38)
Type of Mutationmissense
DNA Base Change (assembly) T to A at 88492920 bp
ZygosityHeterozygous
Amino Acid Change Methionine to Lysine at position 147 (M147K)
Ref Sequence ENSEMBL: ENSMUSP00000142854 (fasta)
Gene Model predicted gene model for transcript(s): [ENSMUST00000031222] [ENSMUST00000199104]
Predicted Effect probably benign
Transcript: ENSMUST00000031222
AA Change: M72K

PolyPhen 2 Score 0.024 (Sensitivity: 0.95; Specificity: 0.81)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000031222
Gene: ENSMUSG00000029286
AA Change: M72K

DomainStartEndE-ValueType
low complexity region 25 38 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 67 114 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 128 150 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 159 167 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 173 187 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 203 214 N/A INTRINSIC
Pfam:Enamelin 216 441 5.4e-74 PFAM
Pfam:Enamelin 503 1249 1.9e-303 PFAM
Predicted Effect probably benign
Transcript: ENSMUST00000199104
AA Change: M147K

PolyPhen 2 Score 0.024 (Sensitivity: 0.95; Specificity: 0.81)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000142854
Gene: ENSMUSG00000029286
AA Change: M147K

DomainStartEndE-ValueType
low complexity region 100 113 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 142 189 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 203 225 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 234 242 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 248 262 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 278 289 N/A INTRINSIC
Pfam:Enamelin 291 510 2.5e-74 PFAM
Pfam:Enamelin 550 1325 N/A PFAM
Coding Region Coverage
  • 1x: 99.2%
  • 3x: 98.7%
  • 10x: 97.4%
  • 20x: 95.3%
Validation Efficiency
MGI Phenotype FUNCTION: [Summary is not available for the mouse gene. This summary is for the human ortholog.] Dental enamel forms the outer cap of teeth and is the hardest substance found in vertebrates. This gene encodes the largest protein in the enamel matrix of developing teeth. The protein is involved in the mineralization and structural organization of enamel. Defects in this gene result in amelogenesis imperfect type 1C.[provided by RefSeq, Oct 2009]
PHENOTYPE: Homozygous null mice lack true enamel due to loss of mineralization at the secretory surface of ameloblasts and mandibular incisors are opaque with a rough surface and abnormal wear on the incisal edge. ENU-induced mutant mice provide models for various clinical subtypes of amelogenesis imperfecta. [provided by MGI curators]
Allele List at MGI
Other mutations in this stock
Total: 111 list
GeneRefVarChr/LocMutationPredicted EffectZygosity
2310034C09Rik G C 16: 88,759,165 S89T probably benign Het
4930522L14Rik C G 5: 109,736,750 C414S probably damaging Het
4930553M12Rik G A 4: 88,868,174 T69I unknown Het
4930553M12Rik T A 4: 88,868,175 T69S unknown Het
Apobr G A 7: 126,587,116 E600K probably benign Het
Armc8 C A 9: 99,505,308 R419L probably damaging Het
Ash1l T A 3: 88,985,419 M1535K probably benign Het
Atf7ip2 A G 16: 10,240,645 E316G probably null Het
Atp2a1 G A 7: 126,448,725 R638* probably null Het
Atp5s A G 12: 69,741,054 Q88R probably damaging Het
Atp8b4 A T 2: 126,374,510 I672N probably damaging Het
Atrn T C 2: 130,957,996 V431A probably benign Het
Babam1 T C 8: 71,398,440 S116P probably damaging Het
Ccdc142 T C 6: 83,102,222 L180P probably damaging Het
Cd52 T C 4: 134,093,737 probably benign Het
Cdk17 T C 10: 93,218,019 L125P probably damaging Het
Ckap5 A G 2: 91,565,745 D531G probably benign Het
Cntn5 G T 9: 9,748,415 P487Q probably damaging Het
Crispld1 C T 1: 17,749,636 T286I probably benign Het
Crtap T C 9: 114,379,968 Y336C probably damaging Het
Ctu2 T A 8: 122,479,152 I213K probably benign Het
Dsc3 A G 18: 19,980,686 F393S possibly damaging Het
Dsg2 T A 18: 20,579,161 I118N probably damaging Het
Dstyk T A 1: 132,463,375 M838K probably damaging Het
Elmo3 T C 8: 105,308,673 V450A probably damaging Het
Eml5 A C 12: 98,810,605 F1417C probably damaging Het
Entpd1 T C 19: 40,736,783 Y409H probably damaging Het
Extl1 C A 4: 134,371,044 E225D probably benign Het
Fbn2 A G 18: 58,052,993 V1761A possibly damaging Het
Fsip2 A T 2: 82,990,271 L5449F possibly damaging Het
Gabra5 G A 7: 57,489,015 T95I probably damaging Het
Gal3st2c C T 1: 94,009,451 Q373* probably null Het
Gbp5 A C 3: 142,503,832 T180P probably damaging Het
Glb1 T C 9: 114,437,824 L212P probably damaging Het
Gm11596 A T 11: 99,792,963 C110* probably null Het
Gpat2 T C 2: 127,433,762 F487L probably damaging Het
Hsph1 A T 5: 149,631,486 H110Q probably damaging Het
Ikbke C A 1: 131,273,474 V176L probably damaging Het
Ildr2 T C 1: 166,269,326 V38A probably damaging Het
Inpp4a G T 1: 37,387,746 C326F probably damaging Het
Irak2 T A 6: 113,672,827 V141D probably benign Het
Jade1 G A 3: 41,604,708 R408Q probably benign Het
Jmjd7 C A 2: 120,030,120 probably null Het
Kdm7a C T 6: 39,168,950 V348I possibly damaging Het
Kif20a A G 18: 34,625,604 D42G possibly damaging Het
Klhl7 A T 5: 24,100,863 M37L probably benign Het
Krt5 A G 15: 101,712,359 I151T probably damaging Het
Krtap1-5 T C 11: 99,580,818 I50V probably benign Het
Letm1 A AG 5: 33,769,515 probably null Het
Lrrc71 C T 3: 87,745,521 W148* probably null Het
Lsmem1 GTACATACATACATACATACATACATACA GTACATACATACATACATACATACATACATACA 12: 40,185,261 probably null Het
Map1a T A 2: 121,301,945 S843T probably damaging Het
Map1s T A 8: 70,910,964 D48E probably damaging Het
Mast4 A G 13: 102,735,475 F2462L possibly damaging Het
Mettl21e T A 1: 44,210,238 Y86F probably benign Het
Myh6 A T 14: 54,952,954 D1035E probably damaging Het
Naip6 C T 13: 100,299,859 D719N probably damaging Het
Nat8f2 T G 6: 85,868,257 H41P probably benign Het
Ncam1 T A 9: 49,543,019 Q597L possibly damaging Het
Nek1 T A 8: 61,028,696 I215K probably damaging Het
Nol11 A T 11: 107,181,055 S237R probably benign Het
Npr2 T C 4: 43,648,166 F870S probably damaging Het
Nsd1 T C 13: 55,260,397 Y1285H probably damaging Het
Nup93 C T 8: 94,296,480 Q229* probably null Het
Olfr1234 C T 2: 89,363,103 E109K probably damaging Het
Olfr834 G A 9: 18,988,803 A272T probably benign Het
Pappa T A 4: 65,180,949 Y568* probably null Het
Parva A G 7: 112,560,067 D180G possibly damaging Het
Pask C T 1: 93,321,297 A794T probably benign Het
Pax1 T A 2: 147,365,882 C225S probably damaging Het
Pde4dip T A 3: 97,888,519 E51V possibly damaging Het
Pde6c A T 19: 38,162,329 H562L probably damaging Het
Pet100 T G 8: 3,622,355 L14R probably damaging Het
Pfkfb2 T C 1: 130,698,723 T438A probably benign Het
Pira2 A T 7: 3,844,345 L115Q probably damaging Het
Polr2d T A 18: 31,796,079 L127Q probably damaging Het
Prkd1 A G 12: 50,489,911 V130A possibly damaging Het
Psd3 T C 8: 67,964,351 D45G probably damaging Het
Ptpn13 A G 5: 103,556,133 T1344A probably benign Het
Ptpn6 T A 6: 124,724,984 H406L probably benign Het
Ric1 A T 19: 29,533,252 S78C probably damaging Het
Ric1 G A 19: 29,533,253 S78N probably damaging Het
Scgb1b2 G T 7: 31,291,763 probably benign Het
Senp7 A G 16: 56,169,806 H639R probably benign Het
Sgtb A T 13: 104,124,259 D72V probably damaging Het
Slc44a5 T C 3: 154,258,449 M484T probably benign Het
Slc5a1 A G 5: 33,160,796 K598E probably benign Het
Slit3 T A 11: 35,612,261 probably null Het
Smc1b T C 15: 85,123,802 H258R probably benign Het
Smu1 T C 4: 40,744,073 D318G probably damaging Het
Sned1 T A 1: 93,271,684 F495L probably damaging Het
Svs3a C A 2: 164,289,884 S124Y probably damaging Het
Syngr4 A G 7: 45,887,040 V186A probably benign Het
Tarsl2 G A 7: 65,655,791 M254I possibly damaging Het
Tdpoz1 T A 3: 93,670,836 R214* probably null Het
Tm2d3 A G 7: 65,695,239 D54G probably damaging Het
Trim66 A T 7: 109,475,113 I647N probably damaging Het
Triml2 T A 8: 43,193,511 W346R probably damaging Het
Trp53bp1 A T 2: 121,216,064 V1085D probably benign Het
Trpv2 T C 11: 62,592,786 V483A probably benign Het
Ugp2 G T 11: 21,328,949 N412K probably benign Het
Upf1 T C 8: 70,339,354 D418G probably null Het
Vmn2r77 C A 7: 86,811,944 P826Q probably damaging Het
Vrtn T C 12: 84,650,162 M562T probably benign Het
Wdr55 A G 18: 36,762,366 N132S possibly damaging Het
Wipf2 A T 11: 98,896,214 R356S possibly damaging Het
Zdhhc6 T C 19: 55,298,796 K411E probably benign Het
Zfp260 A G 7: 30,105,340 K222E probably damaging Het
Zfp280d A G 9: 72,312,729 N237S probably damaging Het
Zfp445 T G 9: 122,853,482 S465R possibly damaging Het
Zfp821 A G 8: 109,724,347 D324G probably damaging Het
Other mutations in Enam
AlleleSourceChrCoordTypePredicted EffectPPH Score
IGL00769:Enam APN 5 88501484 missense possibly damaging 0.83
IGL01611:Enam APN 5 88503749 missense probably damaging 0.99
IGL01802:Enam APN 5 88503674 missense possibly damaging 0.93
IGL02220:Enam APN 5 88504559 nonsense probably null
IGL02371:Enam APN 5 88502809 missense probably benign 0.39
IGL02596:Enam APN 5 88503026 missense probably benign 0.01
IGL03026:Enam APN 5 88503299 missense probably benign 0.38
IGL03303:Enam APN 5 88504591 missense probably benign 0.12
R0200:Enam UTSW 5 88493027 missense possibly damaging 0.96
R0230:Enam UTSW 5 88489655 splice site probably benign
R0395:Enam UTSW 5 88501508 missense probably damaging 0.99
R0548:Enam UTSW 5 88503105 missense probably damaging 0.96
R0608:Enam UTSW 5 88493027 missense possibly damaging 0.96
R0724:Enam UTSW 5 88501994 missense probably damaging 1.00
R0927:Enam UTSW 5 88494060 missense possibly damaging 0.72
R1023:Enam UTSW 5 88501967 missense probably damaging 0.99
R1053:Enam UTSW 5 88504019 missense possibly damaging 0.64
R1169:Enam UTSW 5 88503258 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1230:Enam UTSW 5 88494068 missense probably damaging 0.99
R1324:Enam UTSW 5 88494068 missense possibly damaging 0.53
R1663:Enam UTSW 5 88503994 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1727:Enam UTSW 5 88503994 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1750:Enam UTSW 5 88503227 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1852:Enam UTSW 5 88504465 missense possibly damaging 0.92
R1907:Enam UTSW 5 88504622 missense possibly damaging 0.86
R2104:Enam UTSW 5 88501787 missense probably damaging 1.00
R2196:Enam UTSW 5 88502744 missense probably damaging 0.99
R2363:Enam UTSW 5 88503149 missense probably benign 0.24
R2497:Enam UTSW 5 88502694 missense probably benign 0.13
R3615:Enam UTSW 5 88504447 missense possibly damaging 0.81
R3616:Enam UTSW 5 88504447 missense possibly damaging 0.81
R3782:Enam UTSW 5 88502815 missense probably damaging 1.00
R4067:Enam UTSW 5 88503377 missense probably damaging 1.00
R4349:Enam UTSW 5 88503548 missense probably damaging 0.99
R4604:Enam UTSW 5 88504283 missense possibly damaging 0.93
R4649:Enam UTSW 5 88492968 missense probably benign 0.02
R4702:Enam UTSW 5 88503791 nonsense probably null
R4703:Enam UTSW 5 88503791 nonsense probably null
R4704:Enam UTSW 5 88503791 nonsense probably null
R4705:Enam UTSW 5 88503791 nonsense probably null
R4714:Enam UTSW 5 88503536 missense probably damaging 1.00
R4748:Enam UTSW 5 88501543 missense probably damaging 1.00
R4838:Enam UTSW 5 88493108 nonsense probably null
R4840:Enam UTSW 5 88503026 missense probably benign 0.04
R4856:Enam UTSW 5 88488734 nonsense probably null
R4886:Enam UTSW 5 88488734 nonsense probably null
R4910:Enam UTSW 5 88502314 missense probably benign
R4911:Enam UTSW 5 88502314 missense probably benign
R6103:Enam UTSW 5 88502328 missense probably damaging 0.96
R6651:Enam UTSW 5 88502917 missense probably damaging 0.98
R6759:Enam UTSW 5 88501691 missense probably damaging 1.00
X0018:Enam UTSW 5 88502691 nonsense probably null
Predicted Primers PCR Primer
(F):5'- GCCTTTGATTCGTTTGACAGGC -3'
(R):5'- GTGGTTCCTTTAAAGGCTGC -3'

Sequencing Primer
(F):5'- CAGGCTTTCTAGAAAACTGAGGTCTC -3'
(R):5'- CCTTTAAAGGCTGCTTTTGTGGC -3'
Posted On2014-10-01