Incidental Mutation 'IGL02456:Gcm2'
Institutional Source Australian Phenomics Network (link to record)
Gene Symbol Gcm2
Ensembl Gene ENSMUSG00000021362
Gene Nameglial cells missing homolog 2
Accession Numbers
Is this an essential gene? Possibly essential (E-score: 0.652) question?
Stock #IGL02456
Quality Score
Chromosomal Location41101427-41111035 bp(-) (GRCm38)
Type of Mutationmissense
DNA Base Change (assembly) T to C at 41103001 bp
Amino Acid Change Tyrosine to Cysteine at position 424 (Y424C)
Ref Sequence ENSEMBL: ENSMUSP00000021791 (fasta)
Gene Model predicted gene model for transcript(s): [ENSMUST00000021791] [ENSMUST00000225271]
Predicted Effect probably benign
Transcript: ENSMUST00000021791
AA Change: Y424C

PolyPhen 2 Score 0.015 (Sensitivity: 0.96; Specificity: 0.79)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000021791
Gene: ENSMUSG00000021362
AA Change: Y424C

Pfam:GCM 35 172 4.8e-74 PFAM
Predicted Effect probably benign
Transcript: ENSMUST00000225271
Predicted Effect noncoding transcript
Transcript: ENSMUST00000225420
Coding Region Coverage
Validation Efficiency
MGI Phenotype FUNCTION: [Summary is not available for the mouse gene. This summary is for the human ortholog.] This gene is a homolog of the Drosophila glial cells missing gene, which is thought to act as a binary switch between neuronal and glial cell determination. The protein encoded by this gene contains a conserved N-terminal GCM motif that has DNA-binding activity. The protein is a transcription factor that acts as a master regulator of parathyroid development. It has been suggested that this transcription factor might mediate the effect of calcium on parathyroid hormone expression and secretion in parathyroid cells. Mutations in this gene are associated with hypoparathyroidism. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
PHENOTYPE: Homozygous null mice lack parathyroid glands and exhibit hypocalcemia, hypophosphatemia, a mild abnormal bone phenotype, and partial perinatal lethality. Hypoparathyroidism is observed although parathyroid hormone serum levels are normal. [provided by MGI curators]
Allele List at MGI
Other mutations in this stock
Total: 48 list
GeneRefVarChr/LocMutationPredicted EffectZygosity
0610009O20Rik T A 18: 38,261,124 L458Q probably damaging Het
4921511C20Rik T A X: 127,394,961 Y174* probably null Het
Apc C A 18: 34,313,882 S1243* probably null Het
Atp8b5 A G 4: 43,365,578 T731A probably benign Het
Bcl2a1c T A 9: 114,330,390 F79I probably damaging Het
Brip1 G T 11: 86,065,099 L863I possibly damaging Het
Cbx4 T A 11: 119,082,112 K146* probably null Het
Ccdc36 G T 9: 108,406,621 T208K probably benign Het
Ces1a C T 8: 93,039,498 V163I possibly damaging Het
Ces5a C T 8: 93,528,644 probably benign Het
Cfhr1 A C 1: 139,556,393 N128K possibly damaging Het
Clcn3 T C 8: 60,941,357 D46G probably damaging Het
Cntnap1 T G 11: 101,178,129 I166S probably benign Het
Cntnap3 A T 13: 64,799,058 probably benign Het
Cntnap5c T A 17: 58,407,744 probably benign Het
Ddx23 A T 15: 98,647,549 V626E probably damaging Het
Gm9964 A G 11: 79,296,370 F84L probably damaging Het
Grn T A 11: 102,436,104 D509E probably benign Het
Kdm5c G A X: 152,246,318 D343N probably damaging Het
Ly75 C T 2: 60,293,781 M1717I probably benign Het
Map1a C A 2: 121,298,653 P133T probably damaging Het
Mpp2 C A 11: 102,059,373 A552S possibly damaging Het
Mtr T C 13: 12,199,094 I897M probably damaging Het
Npas3 A T 12: 54,048,767 I337F probably damaging Het
Nup85 T C 11: 115,581,865 probably benign Het
Olfr118 T A 17: 37,672,449 M142K possibly damaging Het
Olfr325 T A 11: 58,581,198 L118H possibly damaging Het
Olfr517 A G 7: 108,869,050 Y35H probably benign Het
Olfr630 T A 7: 103,755,493 I31F possibly damaging Het
Olfr683 T C 7: 105,143,759 N178S probably damaging Het
Pdia4 A T 6: 47,803,495 D301E probably benign Het
Phf2 C A 13: 48,828,846 G134C unknown Het
Polr2h T A 16: 20,720,602 L76H probably damaging Het
Rbm47 G A 5: 66,027,021 R80C probably damaging Het
Sfmbt1 T C 14: 30,785,880 S286P probably damaging Het
Slc5a12 T C 2: 110,616,834 probably benign Het
Tacc2 T C 7: 130,626,261 S1559P probably benign Het
Tbc1d16 T G 11: 119,210,546 H46P probably damaging Het
Tbck A G 3: 132,734,714 probably benign Het
Tmtc4 A T 14: 122,925,962 probably null Het
Ttc13 T C 8: 124,690,361 probably null Het
Ttc17 T C 2: 94,362,785 probably benign Het
Vmn1r121 T A 7: 21,098,513 M1L possibly damaging Het
Vps13c T C 9: 67,952,976 S2825P probably damaging Het
Zan A C 5: 137,446,844 S1718A unknown Het
Zfp39 G T 11: 58,902,800 Y37* probably null Het
Zfp407 T C 18: 84,558,641 N1449S probably damaging Het
Zhx2 C A 15: 57,823,639 D801E possibly damaging Het
Other mutations in Gcm2
AlleleSourceChrCoordTypePredicted EffectPPH Score
IGL01312:Gcm2 APN 13 41103131 missense probably damaging 1.00
IGL01476:Gcm2 APN 13 41105741 missense probably damaging 1.00
IGL02034:Gcm2 APN 13 41105793 missense probably damaging 1.00
IGL02186:Gcm2 APN 13 41104649 missense possibly damaging 0.93
IGL03142:Gcm2 APN 13 41103235 missense probably benign 0.01
IGL03184:Gcm2 APN 13 41105412 missense probably damaging 1.00
R0227:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41105856 missense probably damaging 0.99
R1061:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41105871 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1813:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41105891 missense probably benign 0.19
R2057:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41109954 start codon destroyed probably null 0.28
R2058:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41109954 start codon destroyed probably null 0.28
R2059:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41109954 start codon destroyed probably null 0.28
R2351:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41103618 missense probably benign 0.02
R4653:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41102841 missense probably benign 0.21
R4782:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41103494 missense possibly damaging 0.66
R4799:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41103494 missense possibly damaging 0.66
R5135:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41102959 missense probably benign
R5162:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41103655 missense probably benign 0.01
R5665:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41109911 missense possibly damaging 0.73
R5756:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41109896 missense probably damaging 1.00
R5771:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41103515 missense probably benign 0.40
R5928:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41103398 missense probably benign 0.00
R5977:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41103127 missense probably damaging 0.99
R6394:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41109897 missense probably damaging 1.00
R6578:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41105678 missense probably damaging 1.00
R6798:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41105885 missense probably damaging 1.00
Z1088:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41102792 missense probably damaging 1.00
Posted On2015-04-16