Incidental Mutation 'R4668:Shh'
Institutional Source Beutler Lab
Gene Symbol Shh
Ensembl Gene ENSMUSG00000002633
Gene Namesonic hedgehog
SynonymsHx, Hxl3, Hhg1, M100081
Accession Numbers
Is this an essential gene? Essential (E-score: 1.000) question?
Stock #R4668 (G1)
Quality Score225
Status Not validated
Chromosomal Location28456815-28467256 bp(-) (GRCm38)
Type of Mutationmakesense
DNA Base Change (assembly) T to C at 28457855 bp
Amino Acid Change Stop codon to Tryptophan at position 438 (*438W)
Ref Sequence ENSEMBL: ENSMUSP00000002708 (fasta)
Gene Model predicted gene model for transcript(s): [ENSMUST00000002708]
PDB Structure
Crystal Structure of Sonic Hedgehog Bound to the third FNIII domain of CDO [X-RAY DIFFRACTION]
Crystal Structure of ShhN [X-RAY DIFFRACTION]
Crystal structure of the Sonic Hedgehog-chondroitin-4-sulphate complex [X-RAY DIFFRACTION]
Crystal structure of the Sonic Hedgehog-heparin complex [X-RAY DIFFRACTION]
Predicted Effect probably null
Transcript: ENSMUST00000002708
AA Change: *438W
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000002708
Gene: ENSMUSG00000002633
AA Change: *438W

signal peptide 1 24 N/A INTRINSIC
Pfam:HH_signal 25 185 5.6e-92 PFAM
HintN 197 305 1.21e-30 SMART
HintC 310 355 4.58e-8 SMART
low complexity region 359 379 N/A INTRINSIC
Predicted Effect noncoding transcript
Transcript: ENSMUST00000180878
Coding Region Coverage
  • 1x: 99.2%
  • 3x: 98.6%
  • 10x: 97.3%
  • 20x: 95.4%
Validation Efficiency
MGI Phenotype FUNCTION: [Summary is not available for the mouse gene. This summary is for the human ortholog.] This gene encodes a protein that is instrumental in patterning the early embryo. It has been implicated as the key inductive signal in patterning of the ventral neural tube, the anterior-posterior limb axis, and the ventral somites. Of three human proteins showing sequence and functional similarity to the sonic hedgehog protein of Drosophila, this protein is the most similar. The protein is made as a precursor that is autocatalytically cleaved; the N-terminal portion is soluble and contains the signalling activity while the C-terminal portion is involved in precursor processing. More importantly, the C-terminal product covalently attaches a cholesterol moiety to the N-terminal product, restricting the N-terminal product to the cell surface and preventing it from freely diffusing throughout the developing embryo. Defects in this protein or in its signalling pathway are a cause of holoprosencephaly (HPE), a disorder in which the developing forebrain fails to correctly separate into right and left hemispheres. HPE is manifested by facial deformities. It is also thought that mutations in this gene or in its signalling pathway may be responsible for VACTERL syndrome, which is characterized by vertebral defects, anal atresia, tracheoesophageal fistula with esophageal atresia, radial and renal dysplasia, cardiac anomalies, and limb abnormalities. Additionally, mutations in a long range enhancer located approximately 1 megabase upstream of this gene disrupt limb patterning and can result in preaxial polydactyly. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
PHENOTYPE: Heterozygotes exhibit shortening of all digits, holes between the frontal bones, dyssymphyses between cervical vertebrae and bony plates over many ribs. Homozygotes usually die before E12, are short-limbed dwarfs and lack forefeet, hindfeet, eyes, ears, external genitalia and a mouth. [provided by MGI curators]
Allele List at MGI
Other mutations in this stock
Total: 105 list
GeneRefVarChr/LocMutationPredicted EffectZygosity
4921528I07Rik A T 9: 114,304,711 noncoding transcript Het
6430548M08Rik T C 8: 120,160,414 probably null Het
Abca4 G A 3: 122,155,299 G531E possibly damaging Het
Acad8 A G 9: 26,990,627 L147P probably damaging Het
Acot10 T C 15: 20,665,942 S238G probably benign Het
Adamtsl2 A T 2: 27,095,475 H457L probably benign Het
Ankrd35 A T 3: 96,679,208 T67S probably damaging Het
Aox2 T G 1: 58,334,694 I838S possibly damaging Het
Arnt2 T C 7: 84,275,386 N411S probably damaging Het
Bmpr2 T C 1: 59,867,716 L656S probably damaging Het
Carns1 A T 19: 4,165,476 Y902* probably null Het
Cavin1 T C 11: 100,958,796 E336G probably damaging Het
Cbl A T 9: 44,153,848 C728S probably benign Het
Ccdc136 C A 6: 29,411,281 Q218K probably damaging Het
Cdk19 C A 10: 40,466,710 T196K probably damaging Het
Ceacam20 T C 7: 19,986,027 Y495H probably damaging Het
Celf2 T C 2: 6,721,528 I47V probably benign Het
Ces3a A C 8: 105,053,423 K299T probably damaging Het
Cfap61 A T 2: 146,143,136 I967F probably damaging Het
Cnksr1 C T 4: 134,232,971 probably benign Het
Cped1 T C 6: 22,237,653 Y923H probably benign Het
Crip3 T C 17: 46,429,364 L30P probably damaging Het
Csmd1 A G 8: 16,023,891 I2030T possibly damaging Het
Ctse C A 1: 131,662,749 P70T probably damaging Het
Cyp2b23 A G 7: 26,672,734 F429L probably damaging Het
Cyp2c66 T A 19: 39,176,656 D360E probably damaging Het
D8Ertd738e A T 8: 84,249,481 L46* probably null Het
Dcp2 T A 18: 44,415,362 probably null Het
Ddx10 C A 9: 53,099,213 D834Y possibly damaging Het
Ddx19a A T 8: 110,979,084 V245E probably damaging Het
Dpf2 A C 19: 5,904,487 D130E probably benign Het
Emc8 A T 8: 120,667,779 M67K probably damaging Het
Ephb6 T C 6: 41,614,602 L231P possibly damaging Het
Erp27 T C 6: 136,908,152 E216G possibly damaging Het
Esco1 A T 18: 10,594,734 I184N possibly damaging Het
Fam205c A G 4: 42,871,608 F256L probably benign Het
Fdxacb1 T A 9: 50,770,260 D11E possibly damaging Het
Fhod3 C T 18: 25,066,338 P689S probably benign Het
Fnip1 T A 11: 54,503,559 S940R probably damaging Het
Ganc G T 2: 120,431,067 V343F probably benign Het
Gldn T A 9: 54,332,018 L228* probably null Het
Gm1123 C T 9: 99,009,373 R341H probably damaging Het
Gtf2f2 T C 14: 75,917,638 Y161C probably benign Het
Gtf3c1 T C 7: 125,667,338 T979A probably damaging Het
Hist1h4a A G 13: 23,760,976 V61A probably benign Het
Hmcn2 G T 2: 31,435,792 R4277L probably benign Het
Hsd17b6 T A 10: 127,994,426 probably null Het
Igkv12-46 T C 6: 69,764,797 T25A probably damaging Het
Inpp5e G A 2: 26,400,994 R354C probably damaging Het
Jcad T A 18: 4,680,221 probably null Het
Kcna10 G T 3: 107,194,694 A214S possibly damaging Het
Kit T C 5: 75,641,220 probably null Het
Kmt2a G A 9: 44,824,572 probably benign Het
Lama1 T C 17: 67,752,434 V604A probably benign Het
Mesd T C 7: 83,895,756 V138A probably damaging Het
Mmp13 T C 9: 7,272,580 F9S possibly damaging Het
Mocos T C 18: 24,666,434 Y242H probably benign Het
Mrc1 A C 2: 14,293,486 T718P probably damaging Het
Msh6 T C 17: 87,984,806 S330P possibly damaging Het
Myh10 A G 11: 68,804,642 K1532E probably damaging Het
Nat9 T C 11: 115,184,542 N91S probably damaging Het
Neto2 A T 8: 85,641,062 I351N probably damaging Het
Nfx1 A G 4: 40,976,367 N14D possibly damaging Het
Nlrp4b A G 7: 10,714,733 T288A possibly damaging Het
Nutm2 C A 13: 50,472,997 T396K probably benign Het
Ogdhl A G 14: 32,332,536 T196A probably benign Het
Olfr1453 A T 19: 13,028,081 F83I probably benign Het
Olfr548-ps1 A G 7: 102,542,604 I223V possibly damaging Het
Olfr582 A T 7: 103,041,851 D119V probably benign Het
Omg T A 11: 79,502,423 N203I probably damaging Het
Pdgfrb A G 18: 61,064,113 Y207C probably damaging Het
Pdzd7 T A 19: 45,045,687 probably benign Het
Pgs1 C A 11: 118,003,507 H157N probably damaging Het
Pik3c2a A G 7: 116,358,688 V1121A probably benign Het
Pikfyve T A 1: 65,250,273 C1235S probably damaging Het
Pms1 G A 1: 53,189,474 Q872* probably null Het
Ptgs2 A G 1: 150,101,084 T23A probably benign Het
Rgl1 T G 1: 152,521,371 R716S probably damaging Het
Rif1 A G 2: 52,111,952 E1806G probably benign Het
Ripor1 T C 8: 105,614,652 V39A probably benign Het
Ryr2 G T 13: 11,593,117 T868N probably benign Het
Sec22b A T 3: 97,921,122 D167V probably damaging Het
Sec24d T C 3: 123,355,774 V810A probably damaging Het
Slc25a12 G A 2: 71,315,062 S178L probably benign Het
Sorl1 A T 9: 41,984,508 W1784R probably damaging Het
Sp3 A T 2: 72,970,981 S229R probably damaging Het
Spdye4c G A 2: 128,592,353 V5I possibly damaging Het
Spint2 A T 7: 29,260,379 V53D probably damaging Het
Stard3nl T A 13: 19,376,519 N29Y probably damaging Het
Stk25 A G 1: 93,625,483 S299P probably damaging Het
Sult2a3 A G 7: 14,122,861 S45P probably damaging Het
Thsd7a A T 6: 12,408,968 V685E probably damaging Het
Tm9sf4 T A 2: 153,187,308 V92D probably damaging Het
Top2b T G 14: 16,409,189 I777M probably damaging Het
Topors G A 4: 40,262,669 T205I probably damaging Het
Tpo T A 12: 30,103,290 Y355F probably benign Het
Uba1y T A Y: 826,032 M396K possibly damaging Het
Vmn1r50 A T 6: 90,107,531 Q86L probably benign Het
Vmn1r77 A G 7: 12,041,431 K45E probably damaging Het
Vmn2r114 A C 17: 23,310,473 N218K possibly damaging Het
Vmn2r66 T A 7: 84,994,697 N835I probably damaging Het
Vps54 T G 11: 21,299,989 N458K probably benign Het
Zcchc7 G T 4: 44,895,964 C304F probably damaging Het
Zfp335 A T 2: 164,900,286 C593S probably damaging Het
Zmynd15 C G 11: 70,462,588 P214R probably damaging Het
Other mutations in Shh
AlleleSourceChrCoordTypePredicted EffectPPH Score
IGL03066:Shh APN 5 28461371 missense probably damaging 1.00
R2484:Shh UTSW 5 28466742 missense probably benign 0.22
R4153:Shh UTSW 5 28457949 missense probably damaging 1.00
R4352:Shh UTSW 5 28458189 missense probably benign
R5371:Shh UTSW 5 28466690 missense probably damaging 1.00
R5407:Shh UTSW 5 28466580 nonsense probably null
R6035:Shh UTSW 5 28461399 missense probably damaging 1.00
R6035:Shh UTSW 5 28461399 missense probably damaging 1.00
X0019:Shh UTSW 5 28461540 missense probably damaging 1.00
Predicted Primers PCR Primer

Sequencing Primer
Posted On2015-10-08