Incidental Mutation 'R4799:Enpp2'
ID369378
Institutional Source Beutler Lab
Gene Symbol Enpp2
Ensembl Gene ENSMUSG00000022425
Gene Nameectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase 2
SynonymsPdnp2, Npps2, PD-Ialpha, ATX, Autotaxin
MMRRC Submission 041997-MU
Accession Numbers
Is this an essential gene? Essential (E-score: 1.000) question?
Stock #R4799 (G1)
Quality Score225
Status Validated
Chromosome15
Chromosomal Location54838901-54952892 bp(-) (GRCm38)
Type of Mutationmissense
DNA Base Change (assembly) T to C at 54910094 bp
ZygosityHeterozygous
Amino Acid Change Asparagine to Serine at position 77 (N77S)
Ref Sequence ENSEMBL: ENSMUSP00000133877 (fasta)
Gene Model predicted gene model for transcript(s): [ENSMUST00000041591] [ENSMUST00000167541] [ENSMUST00000171545] [ENSMUST00000173516] [ENSMUST00000226339] [ENSMUST00000228222]
Predicted Effect probably damaging
Transcript: ENSMUST00000041591
AA Change: N77S

PolyPhen 2 Score 0.999 (Sensitivity: 0.14; Specificity: 0.99)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000036180
Gene: ENSMUSG00000022425
AA Change: N77S

DomainStartEndE-ValueType
SO 54 97 4.79e-16 SMART
SO 98 141 2.95e-16 SMART
Pfam:Phosphodiest 165 285 4.7e-41 PFAM
Pfam:Phosphodiest 278 477 3.3e-40 PFAM
Endonuclease_NS 613 844 3.93e-36 SMART
NUC 614 844 1.32e-109 SMART
Predicted Effect probably damaging
Transcript: ENSMUST00000167541
AA Change: N77S

PolyPhen 2 Score 1.000 (Sensitivity: 0.00; Specificity: 1.00)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000132640
Gene: ENSMUSG00000022425
AA Change: N77S

DomainStartEndE-ValueType
SO 54 97 4.79e-16 SMART
SO 98 141 2.95e-16 SMART
Pfam:Phosphodiest 165 284 5.4e-41 PFAM
Pfam:Phosphodiest 278 477 3.4e-40 PFAM
Endonuclease_NS 638 869 3.93e-36 SMART
NUC 639 869 1.32e-109 SMART
Predicted Effect probably damaging
Transcript: ENSMUST00000171545
AA Change: N77S

PolyPhen 2 Score 0.999 (Sensitivity: 0.14; Specificity: 0.99)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000128941
Gene: ENSMUSG00000022425
AA Change: N77S

DomainStartEndE-ValueType
SO 54 97 4.79e-16 SMART
SO 98 141 2.95e-16 SMART
Pfam:Phosphodiest 165 283 2.8e-43 PFAM
Pfam:Phosphodiest 275 529 2.8e-36 PFAM
Endonuclease_NS 665 896 3.93e-36 SMART
NUC 666 896 1.32e-109 SMART
Predicted Effect probably damaging
Transcript: ENSMUST00000173516
AA Change: N77S

PolyPhen 2 Score 1.000 (Sensitivity: 0.00; Specificity: 1.00)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000133877
Gene: ENSMUSG00000022425
AA Change: N77S

DomainStartEndE-ValueType
SO 54 97 4.79e-16 SMART
SO 98 141 2.95e-16 SMART
Pfam:Phosphodiest 165 285 2.8e-41 PFAM
Pfam:Phosphodiest 276 529 7.8e-36 PFAM
Endonuclease_NS 661 892 3.93e-36 SMART
NUC 662 892 1.32e-109 SMART
Predicted Effect probably benign
Transcript: ENSMUST00000226339
Predicted Effect noncoding transcript
Transcript: ENSMUST00000227057
Predicted Effect noncoding transcript
Transcript: ENSMUST00000227483
Predicted Effect probably benign
Transcript: ENSMUST00000228222
Meta Mutation Damage Score 0.158 question?
Coding Region Coverage
  • 1x: 99.1%
  • 3x: 98.3%
  • 10x: 96.4%
  • 20x: 92.6%
Validation Efficiency 97% (122/126)
MGI Phenotype FUNCTION: This gene encodes a member of the phosphodiesterase and nucleotide pyrophosphatase family of bifunctional enzymes that hydrolize phosphodiester bonds of various nucleotides. The encoded protein undergoes proteolytic processing to generate a mature protein with lysophospholipase D activity, catalyzing the cleavage of the choline group from lysophosphatidylcholine to produce lysophosphatidic acid. This gene is expressed in numerous tissues and participates in neural development, obesity, inflammation and oncogenesis. A complete lack of the encoded protein in mice results in aberrant vascular and neuronal development leading to embryonic lethality. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms that may undergo similar processing to generate the mature protein. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2015]
PHENOTYPE: Mice homozygous for a null mutation display embryonic lethality during organogenesis, absent yolk sac vasculature, abnormal vasculature, and variable penetrance of impaired embryo turning, edema, failure of chorioallantoic fusion, neural tube malformations, and abnormal forebrain development. [provided by MGI curators]
Allele List at MGI
Other mutations in this stock
Total: 119 list
GeneRefVarChr/LocMutationPredicted EffectZygosity
Abhd12b C G 12: 70,169,064 S170C probably damaging Het
Acads T A 5: 115,113,090 T112S probably benign Het
Adgrl1 A G 8: 83,935,573 H1021R probably benign Het
Ago3 A T 4: 126,347,872 probably null Het
Ap5m1 A G 14: 49,081,070 K412E probably benign Het
Arid1b C T 17: 5,339,221 P1681S probably damaging Het
Atxn10 T C 15: 85,376,708 probably null Het
AU040320 A G 4: 126,839,669 T661A probably benign Het
Capn7 T C 14: 31,360,557 I455M probably benign Het
Capzb A G 4: 139,192,999 probably benign Het
Car10 G A 11: 93,578,666 V156I possibly damaging Het
Cbs T A 17: 31,632,852 D59V probably damaging Het
Ccar2 T C 14: 70,139,554 E819G probably damaging Het
Cdc73 T A 1: 143,627,875 Q346L probably benign Het
Cdhr4 T C 9: 107,998,699 probably benign Het
Chd2 A T 7: 73,484,436 M721K possibly damaging Het
Cntnap5b G A 1: 100,358,725 G402R probably benign Het
Cps1 T C 1: 67,142,986 Y120H probably damaging Het
Csf2 T C 11: 54,249,480 D44G probably benign Het
Cubn T A 2: 13,287,024 Q3330L possibly damaging Het
Cubn A G 2: 13,351,058 S1788P probably damaging Het
Cul9 T C 17: 46,500,844 D2486G possibly damaging Het
Cyp2c40 A T 19: 39,773,849 S451R probably damaging Het
Cyp51 T A 5: 4,083,256 T461S probably damaging Het
Cyth1 T C 11: 118,183,942 M164V probably damaging Het
D130043K22Rik T C 13: 24,878,040 I664T probably damaging Het
Ddc T C 11: 11,846,632 probably null Het
Ddx21 A T 10: 62,588,121 D589E probably damaging Het
Dgkb C T 12: 38,114,568 R113C possibly damaging Het
Dglucy A T 12: 100,850,343 M415L probably benign Het
Efnb2 A T 8: 8,623,104 probably null Het
Elp4 T A 2: 105,809,267 Q189L probably damaging Het
Eps15 G A 4: 109,366,530 probably benign Het
F2rl1 G A 13: 95,513,969 S135F possibly damaging Het
Fam133b T C 5: 3,557,815 M65T probably damaging Het
Fanca A G 8: 123,288,202 V689A probably damaging Het
Fbxo18 C T 2: 11,755,747 C79Y probably damaging Het
Fbxw7 C T 3: 84,903,861 Q98* probably null Het
Flrt3 T C 2: 140,660,166 N514S probably damaging Het
Foxj3 A T 4: 119,621,660 S438C unknown Het
Gcm2 T C 13: 41,103,494 K260E possibly damaging Het
Gm12863 C T 4: 118,954,488 noncoding transcript Het
Gm5096 C A 18: 87,756,449 A32E probably damaging Het
Gpnmb G T 6: 49,045,483 probably null Het
Gsap C A 5: 21,250,943 N379K probably benign Het
Hsd3b1 T A 3: 98,852,865 Y270F probably benign Het
Il22 C A 10: 118,205,153 R55S probably damaging Het
Kcnd3 C T 3: 105,658,766 A421V probably damaging Het
Klhdc3 T C 17: 46,677,300 R180G possibly damaging Het
Lmbrd1 G A 1: 24,744,975 probably null Het
Lrrcc1 C T 3: 14,536,096 R63* probably null Het
Lyar A G 5: 38,224,779 D35G probably damaging Het
Mbd4 C T 6: 115,845,322 R442Q probably benign Het
Mib2 G T 4: 155,659,772 S144R probably benign Het
Mms22l A T 4: 24,580,052 probably null Het
Mtmr3 G A 11: 4,487,764 H897Y probably benign Het
Muc5b T A 7: 141,847,716 C566* probably null Het
Nap1l4 A T 7: 143,534,463 probably null Het
Ncor2 A T 5: 125,037,060 probably null Het
Ndufa7 T C 17: 33,838,213 probably benign Het
Ndufs1 C A 1: 63,160,949 G268V probably damaging Het
Nfs1 A G 2: 156,134,449 V175A possibly damaging Het
Obsl1 C A 1: 75,489,501 A1528S possibly damaging Het
Olfr1089 C T 2: 86,732,674 probably null Het
Olfr1252 C T 2: 89,721,362 V250I probably benign Het
Olfr372 A G 8: 72,058,094 N138S probably benign Het
Olfr67 A T 7: 103,787,481 F265L possibly damaging Het
Olfr8 T G 10: 78,956,097 D297E probably null Het
Pcdhb8 A G 18: 37,355,653 D128G probably damaging Het
Pkp4 A T 2: 59,342,105 I522F probably damaging Het
Plod3 G A 5: 136,990,800 A398T probably benign Het
Pou4f3 A G 18: 42,395,987 M332V possibly damaging Het
Prox1 A G 1: 190,153,472 F593L probably damaging Het
Prrc2a G A 17: 35,150,042 P2006L probably damaging Het
Prss50 A G 9: 110,863,796 D328G probably damaging Het
Psmd6 C T 14: 14,120,126 S71N probably benign Het
Ptprd A G 4: 76,091,532 I764T probably benign Het
Ptprr C T 10: 116,048,218 A60V probably benign Het
Raet1e T A 10: 22,181,300 D174E probably damaging Het
Rbfox2 T C 15: 77,091,818 I308M probably benign Het
Rnf20 G C 4: 49,649,962 probably null Het
Rpap2 A T 5: 107,620,247 H317L probably benign Het
Rsph6a T A 7: 19,065,858 Y471* probably null Het
Sdhb A G 4: 140,977,466 H246R possibly damaging Het
Sh3bp5 C A 14: 31,377,495 R265L probably benign Het
Sin3b A C 8: 72,725,643 I126L probably benign Het
Skint2 G A 4: 112,652,108 A363T probably benign Het
Slc22a30 A G 19: 8,344,404 I432T probably benign Het
Slc2a2 G A 3: 28,717,532 probably null Het
Slco1a5 T C 6: 142,248,807 Y370C possibly damaging Het
Sltm A G 9: 70,589,057 H958R probably damaging Het
Smpdl3a C T 10: 57,808,015 H290Y probably damaging Het
Snrnp40 A G 4: 130,362,756 I91M probably damaging Het
Spag9 A T 11: 94,048,516 K90N possibly damaging Het
Spag9 T A 11: 94,048,517 F91I probably damaging Het
Stox1 A C 10: 62,665,737 I348S probably damaging Het
Sult1e1 A G 5: 87,590,168 V18A possibly damaging Het
Syne2 A G 12: 75,899,167 M338V probably benign Het
Tbc1d23 T A 16: 57,192,628 Q327L probably benign Het
Terf2 G T 8: 107,076,675 H425Q probably benign Het
Timd2 A T 11: 46,677,267 Y233* probably null Het
Tmem39a A G 16: 38,591,162 probably benign Het
Trappc10 T C 10: 78,201,590 D793G possibly damaging Het
Ttc30a2 T A 2: 75,977,385 Y261F probably benign Het
Ugt1a10 TAAAAAAAAA TAAAAAAA 1: 88,215,928 probably benign Het
Unc93a T C 17: 13,120,895 probably null Het
Utrn T C 10: 12,750,069 T123A probably damaging Het
Vmn1r171 T C 7: 23,632,944 I198T probably benign Het
Vmn1r213 T A 13: 23,011,846 S200T probably damaging Het
Vmn2r108 T A 17: 20,462,629 D771V probably damaging Het
Wdr66 C T 5: 123,302,772 H1131Y probably benign Het
Wls C T 3: 159,897,445 T165I probably benign Het
Zc3h13 G A 14: 75,339,423 C1657Y probably damaging Het
Zdhhc5 T C 2: 84,693,431 K224E probably damaging Het
Zfp54 T A 17: 21,434,140 Y299N probably damaging Het
Zfp820 A T 17: 21,818,985 L454Q probably benign Het
Zfp960 T A 17: 17,088,436 F471I probably damaging Het
Zswim5 A G 4: 116,972,972 I515V probably benign Het
Zzef1 G T 11: 72,859,623 S919I probably benign Het
Other mutations in Enpp2
AlleleSourceChrCoordTypePredicted EffectPPH Score
IGL00857:Enpp2 APN 15 54875650 critical splice donor site probably null
IGL01290:Enpp2 APN 15 54919602 missense possibly damaging 0.79
IGL01296:Enpp2 APN 15 54875669 missense probably damaging 1.00
IGL01650:Enpp2 APN 15 54919933 missense probably benign
IGL02470:Enpp2 APN 15 54839460 missense probably damaging 1.00
IGL02522:Enpp2 APN 15 54898940 missense probably damaging 0.99
IGL02727:Enpp2 APN 15 54910181 missense probably damaging 1.00
IGL03178:Enpp2 APN 15 54866006 missense probably benign
IGL03055:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54866085 intron probably null
R0302:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54860061 missense probably benign 0.15
R0304:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54877806 missense probably benign 0.07
R0385:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54882159 missense probably damaging 1.00
R0440:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54847237 splice site probably benign
R0696:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54897696 nonsense probably null
R0879:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54877930 missense probably damaging 0.98
R0924:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54906959 splice site probably benign
R0989:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54875759 missense possibly damaging 0.88
R1126:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54906826 critical splice donor site probably null
R1434:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54862681 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1447:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54919598 critical splice donor site probably null
R1464:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54863812 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1464:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54863812 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1501:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54839514 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1546:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54845829 missense probably benign 0.01
R1673:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54910196 splice site probably null
R1853:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54845823 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1854:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54845823 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1855:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54845823 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1969:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54882982 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1970:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54882982 missense probably damaging 1.00
R2060:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54875714 missense probably damaging 1.00
R2122:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54897792 nonsense probably null
R2275:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54897794 missense probably damaging 1.00
R2517:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54919694 missense probably damaging 0.99
R3881:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54919692 missense probably damaging 1.00
R3934:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54845921 missense probably benign 0.03
R4722:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54887589 missense probably damaging 0.99
R4765:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54875672 missense possibly damaging 0.91
R4934:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54882147 missense probably damaging 1.00
R4976:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54870305 nonsense probably null
R5068:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54864054 missense probably damaging 1.00
R5069:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54864054 missense probably damaging 1.00
R5070:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54864054 missense probably damaging 1.00
R5119:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54870305 nonsense probably null
R5134:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54899330 missense probably damaging 1.00
R5162:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54847296 missense probably benign 0.06
R5218:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54887586 missense possibly damaging 0.86
R5415:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54882156 missense probably damaging 1.00
R5965:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54882971 critical splice donor site probably null
R6086:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54845834 missense probably damaging 1.00
R6229:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54877832 missense probably damaging 1.00
R6306:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54899346 missense probably damaging 1.00
R6314:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54865970 missense probably damaging 0.99
R6403:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54863764 missense probably damaging 1.00
R6515:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54860093 missense possibly damaging 0.75
R6525:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54870211 missense probably benign 0.01
R6536:Enpp2 UTSW 15 54862631 missense probably damaging 1.00
Predicted Primers PCR Primer
(F):5'- TGGAAAGTGCCTTCTTTGGGAC -3'
(R):5'- TTCTAAGTACCACTCTTGCATTGG -3'

Sequencing Primer
(F):5'- GGTTGAGCCAAGTTATTCATACTAAG -3'
(R):5'- GGTATCATGGCTAGTCCCTAAGC -3'
Posted On2016-02-04