Incidental Mutation 'R5308:Grn'
Institutional Source Beutler Lab
Gene Symbol Grn
Ensembl Gene ENSMUSG00000034708
Gene Namegranulin
Synonymsprogranulin, epithelin, acrogranulin, PC cell-derived growth factor, Pgrn
MMRRC Submission 042891-MU
Accession Numbers
Is this an essential gene? Possibly non essential (E-score: 0.385) question?
Stock #R5308 (G1)
Quality Score225
Status Not validated
Chromosomal Location102430315-102437048 bp(+) (GRCm38)
Type of Mutationmissense
DNA Base Change (assembly) A to G at 102436192 bp
Amino Acid Change Asparagine to Aspartic acid at position 160 (N160D)
Gene Model predicted gene model for transcript(s): [ENSMUST00000049057] [ENSMUST00000049460] [ENSMUST00000125819] [ENSMUST00000129997]
Predicted Effect probably benign
Transcript: ENSMUST00000049057
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000038486
Gene: ENSMUSG00000034685

signal peptide 1 26 N/A INTRINSIC
Pfam:UPF0560 41 820 N/A PFAM
Predicted Effect probably benign
Transcript: ENSMUST00000049460
AA Change: N539D

PolyPhen 2 Score 0.089 (Sensitivity: 0.93; Specificity: 0.85)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000046340
Gene: ENSMUSG00000034708
AA Change: N539D

signal peptide 1 30 N/A INTRINSIC
GRAN 74 125 1.32e-22 SMART
GRAN 138 190 7.38e-26 SMART
GRAN 220 272 5.76e-28 SMART
GRAN 295 346 1.19e-29 SMART
GRAN 377 427 1.84e-26 SMART
GRAN 455 506 7.1e-28 SMART
GRAN 530 581 1.48e-25 SMART
Predicted Effect noncoding transcript
Transcript: ENSMUST00000123500
Predicted Effect probably benign
Transcript: ENSMUST00000125819
AA Change: N184D

PolyPhen 2 Score 0.021 (Sensitivity: 0.95; Specificity: 0.80)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000134948
Gene: ENSMUSG00000034708
AA Change: N184D

GRAN 42 72 5.03e-4 SMART
GRAN 100 151 7.1e-28 SMART
GRAN 175 226 1.48e-25 SMART
Predicted Effect noncoding transcript
Transcript: ENSMUST00000127530
Predicted Effect probably benign
Transcript: ENSMUST00000129997
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000135739
Gene: ENSMUSG00000034708

signal peptide 1 17 N/A INTRINSIC
GRAN 61 112 1.32e-22 SMART
GRAN 125 177 7.38e-26 SMART
Predicted Effect noncoding transcript
Transcript: ENSMUST00000135517
Predicted Effect noncoding transcript
Transcript: ENSMUST00000138451
Predicted Effect noncoding transcript
Transcript: ENSMUST00000145190
Predicted Effect noncoding transcript
Transcript: ENSMUST00000148580
Predicted Effect noncoding transcript
Transcript: ENSMUST00000152015
Predicted Effect noncoding transcript
Transcript: ENSMUST00000176953
Predicted Effect possibly damaging
Transcript: ENSMUST00000177428
AA Change: N160D

PolyPhen 2 Score 0.956 (Sensitivity: 0.79; Specificity: 0.95)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000134893
Gene: ENSMUSG00000034708
AA Change: N160D

GRAN 1 49 8.68e-23 SMART
GRAN 77 128 7.1e-28 SMART
GRAN 152 180 3.98e-2 SMART
low complexity region 244 259 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 309 324 N/A INTRINSIC
Coding Region Coverage
  • 1x: 99.2%
  • 3x: 97.7%
  • 10x: 95.4%
  • 20x: 91.2%
Validation Efficiency
MGI Phenotype FUNCTION: [Summary is not available for the mouse gene. This summary is for the human ortholog.] Granulins are a family of secreted, glycosylated peptides that are cleaved from a single precursor protein with 7.5 repeats of a highly conserved 12-cysteine granulin/epithelin motif. The 88 kDa precursor protein, progranulin, is also called proepithelin and PC cell-derived growth factor. Cleavage of the signal peptide produces mature granulin which can be further cleaved into a variety of active, 6 kDa peptides. These smaller cleavage products are named granulin A, granulin B, granulin C, etc. Epithelins 1 and 2 are synonymous with granulins A and B, respectively. Both the peptides and intact granulin protein regulate cell growth. However, different members of the granulin protein family may act as inhibitors, stimulators, or have dual actions on cell growth. Granulin family members are important in normal development, wound healing, and tumorigenesis. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
PHENOTYPE: Mice homozygous for some knock-out alleles display enhanced macrophage functions. Mice homozygous for another knock-out allele display reproductive and behavioral abnormalities. Mice homozygous for a third null allele display premature death and increased cellular aging. [provided by MGI curators]
Allele List at MGI
Other mutations in this stock
Total: 65 list
GeneRefVarChr/LocMutationPredicted EffectZygosity
1700006A11Rik C G 3: 124,406,350 G531A probably damaging Het
2410089E03Rik G A 15: 8,260,690 probably null Het
4921504E06Rik T C 2: 19,524,081 D163G probably damaging Het
4931406P16Rik T A 7: 34,245,755 K355* probably null Het
Abcd4 C T 12: 84,603,293 probably null Het
Alg9 T C 9: 50,822,711 S570P possibly damaging Het
Angptl3 C A 4: 99,034,486 H255N probably benign Het
Ank3 G A 10: 70,002,565 R1566K possibly damaging Het
Cdc37 A T 9: 21,140,764 D326E probably benign Het
Cdk13 T C 13: 17,772,313 K6R probably damaging Het
Ces1b T C 8: 93,067,017 K315E probably benign Het
Cfap61 G A 2: 146,109,988 G190S probably damaging Het
Ckap4 T C 10: 84,528,374 E275G probably benign Het
Csf3r A G 4: 126,035,344 D349G probably benign Het
Cyp2d37-ps T C 15: 82,689,811 noncoding transcript Het
Dmbt1 T A 7: 131,041,021 C190S probably damaging Het
Dnah11 A G 12: 118,085,680 F1670L possibly damaging Het
Dnah5 A T 15: 28,229,651 I144F possibly damaging Het
Eno2 C A 6: 124,767,093 V84L probably damaging Het
Ercc4 G T 16: 13,130,164 R325L probably damaging Het
Fam71e1 T C 7: 44,500,182 V109A probably damaging Het
Fcgr2b T G 1: 170,965,710 Q250P probably benign Het
Gcfc2 T C 6: 81,943,543 probably null Het
Glb1l2 C T 9: 26,764,759 G509D probably damaging Het
Gm11595 G A 11: 99,772,555 R100C unknown Het
Hexdc T A 11: 121,222,269 V510D probably damaging Het
Igfbp1 G A 11: 7,199,919 probably null Het
Itga11 T A 9: 62,755,769 M589K probably benign Het
Itpr1 A T 6: 108,356,511 S51C probably damaging Het
Klra3 T C 6: 130,334,307 probably null Het
Mad2l1 T C 6: 66,537,691 probably null Het
Matn3 CGGGGCTCGGGGGC CGGGGC 12: 8,952,308 probably null Het
Myo9a T A 9: 59,863,961 Y939N probably damaging Het
Nxpe3 C T 16: 55,866,471 S58N probably benign Het
Olfr1195 T C 2: 88,683,405 E109G probably benign Het
Olfr1295 C T 2: 111,564,554 A297T probably damaging Het
Olfr345 T A 2: 36,640,694 Y218* probably null Het
Olfr402 T A 11: 74,155,571 M139K probably damaging Het
Paics T C 5: 76,956,632 S35P probably damaging Het
Pcnt A C 10: 76,356,325 Y2717* probably null Het
Pifo T C 3: 106,001,103 T107A probably benign Het
Plekho2 T A 9: 65,558,675 N144Y probably damaging Het
Plscr5 T C 9: 92,198,512 F17S possibly damaging Het
Prrc2a C T 17: 35,161,047 R192H unknown Het
Rbm27 T A 18: 42,327,210 M735K probably damaging Het
Rfc1 T A 5: 65,279,461 K625N probably damaging Het
Ric8b T A 10: 84,947,747 F156L probably benign Het
Romo1 C A 2: 156,144,553 A32E possibly damaging Het
Rpl26 T A 11: 68,904,458 Y135N probably damaging Het
Sacs T C 14: 61,192,400 V636A probably benign Het
Scyl2 A T 10: 89,642,007 I710N probably benign Het
Sh3bp5 C A 14: 31,377,495 R265L probably benign Het
Slc4a1 T A 11: 102,359,077 I154F probably damaging Het
Snx11 A G 11: 96,770,709 S157P probably damaging Het
Snx18 G A 13: 113,616,847 Q517* probably null Het
Stard4 G T 18: 33,203,625 N212K probably damaging Het
Strn3 A G 12: 51,629,385 Y454H probably damaging Het
Stx17 A T 4: 48,182,851 probably benign Het
Tas2r121 G A 6: 132,700,517 T164I possibly damaging Het
Tbc1d8 T C 1: 39,389,409 Y485C probably damaging Het
Tmem45b T C 9: 31,429,084 M8V probably damaging Het
Usp28 T C 9: 49,037,201 F844L probably damaging Het
Usp32 T A 11: 85,017,718 N1054I probably benign Het
Xpa T A 4: 46,185,659 E106D probably benign Het
Zfp85 C T 13: 67,748,855 C366Y probably damaging Het
Other mutations in Grn
AlleleSourceChrCoordTypePredicted EffectPPH Score
IGL02422:Grn APN 11 102436258 splice site probably benign
IGL02456:Grn APN 11 102436104 missense probably benign 0.01
PIT4434001:Grn UTSW 11 102435940 missense possibly damaging 0.88
R0395:Grn UTSW 11 102436223 missense probably benign 0.03
R0784:Grn UTSW 11 102434502 missense possibly damaging 0.74
R1037:Grn UTSW 11 102433070 missense possibly damaging 0.94
R1753:Grn UTSW 11 102433267 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1905:Grn UTSW 11 102436450 missense probably damaging 1.00
R3110:Grn UTSW 11 102433243 missense probably benign 0.07
R3111:Grn UTSW 11 102433243 missense probably benign 0.07
R3112:Grn UTSW 11 102433243 missense probably benign 0.07
R3974:Grn UTSW 11 102436339 missense probably damaging 1.00
R4908:Grn UTSW 11 102436518 unclassified probably benign
R4989:Grn UTSW 11 102430554 unclassified probably benign
R5012:Grn UTSW 11 102430554 unclassified probably benign
R5013:Grn UTSW 11 102430554 unclassified probably benign
R5108:Grn UTSW 11 102434402 missense probably benign 0.10
R5133:Grn UTSW 11 102430554 unclassified probably benign
R5134:Grn UTSW 11 102430554 unclassified probably benign
R5162:Grn UTSW 11 102430554 unclassified probably benign
R5182:Grn UTSW 11 102430554 unclassified probably benign
R5183:Grn UTSW 11 102430554 unclassified probably benign
R5350:Grn UTSW 11 102436244 missense possibly damaging 0.50
R5786:Grn UTSW 11 102434043 nonsense probably null
R6383:Grn UTSW 11 102436795 unclassified probably benign
Predicted Primers PCR Primer

Sequencing Primer
Posted On2016-10-06