Incidental Mutation 'H2330:Psme4'
ID514
Institutional Source Beutler Lab
Gene Symbol Psme4
Ensembl Gene ENSMUSG00000040850
Gene Nameproteasome (prosome, macropain) activator subunit 4
Synonyms
Accession Numbers

Genbank: NM_134013

Is this an essential gene? Non essential (E-score: 0.000) question?
Stock #H2330 of strain 521
Quality Score
Status Validated
Chromosome11
Chromosomal Location30771726-30880361 bp(+) (GRCm38)
Type of Mutationmissense
DNA Base Change (assembly) A to G at 30851210 bp
ZygosityHomozygous
Amino Acid Change Glutamic Acid to Glycine at position 1455 (E1455G)
Ref Sequence ENSEMBL: ENSMUSP00000045460 (fasta)
Gene Model predicted gene model for transcript(s): [ENSMUST00000041231] [ENSMUST00000129824]
Predicted Effect probably benign
Transcript: ENSMUST00000041231
AA Change: E1455G

PolyPhen 2 Score 0.169 (Sensitivity: 0.92; Specificity: 0.87)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000045460
Gene: ENSMUSG00000040850
AA Change: E1455G

DomainStartEndE-ValueType
low complexity region 2 19 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 122 133 N/A INTRINSIC
Pfam:BLM10_mid 330 828 8.8e-119 PFAM
SCOP:d1b3ua_ 1183 1716 3e-14 SMART
Pfam:DUF3437 1756 1843 5.3e-39 PFAM
Predicted Effect probably benign
Transcript: ENSMUST00000129824
Meta Mutation Damage Score 0.186 question?
Coding Region Coverage
  • 1x: 89.9%
  • 3x: 79.5%
Het Detection Efficiency59.4%
Validation Efficiency 87% (227/262)
MGI Phenotype PHENOTYPE: Mice homozygous for a knock-out allele show normal repair of DNA double-strand breaks but exhibit significantly reduced male fertility due to defects in spermatogenesis observed in both meiotic spermatocytes and postmeiotic haploid spermatids. [provided by MGI curators]
Allele List at MGI

All alleles(25) : Targeted, knock-out(1) Gene trapped(24)

Other mutations in this stock
Total: 3 list
GeneRefVarChr/LocMutationPredicted EffectZygosity
Azin1 A G 15: 38,497,276 I191T probably damaging Het
Gabrb2 G A 11: 42,421,431 probably benign Homo
Olfr974 T C 9: 39,942,920 F220S probably damaging Het
Other mutations in Psme4
AlleleSourceChrCoordTypePredicted EffectPPH Score
IGL00228:Psme4 APN 11 30815710 critical splice donor site probably null
IGL00401:Psme4 APN 11 30821079 splice site probably benign
IGL00475:Psme4 APN 11 30845252 missense probably benign 0.14
IGL00576:Psme4 APN 11 30823145 missense possibly damaging 0.50
IGL00817:Psme4 APN 11 30820129 missense probably benign 0.01
IGL01525:Psme4 APN 11 30809936 splice site probably benign
IGL01862:Psme4 APN 11 30812038 nonsense probably null
IGL02310:Psme4 APN 11 30837484 missense probably benign 0.06
IGL02477:Psme4 APN 11 30842083 missense probably damaging 0.99
IGL02545:Psme4 APN 11 30841586 missense possibly damaging 0.81
IGL02608:Psme4 APN 11 30820944 missense probably benign 0.34
IGL02621:Psme4 APN 11 30848131 missense probably benign
IGL02822:Psme4 APN 11 30848204 unclassified probably benign
IGL02833:Psme4 APN 11 30850715 unclassified probably benign
IGL02964:Psme4 APN 11 30791095 nonsense probably null
IGL03273:Psme4 APN 11 30848130 missense probably damaging 1.00
IGL03348:Psme4 APN 11 30876796 missense probably damaging 1.00
IGL03382:Psme4 APN 11 30807788 missense possibly damaging 0.94
PIT4378001:Psme4 UTSW 11 30821079 splice site probably benign
R0276:Psme4 UTSW 11 30811980 missense probably damaging 1.00
R0462:Psme4 UTSW 11 30848117 missense probably damaging 1.00
R0685:Psme4 UTSW 11 30878415 missense probably damaging 1.00
R0766:Psme4 UTSW 11 30807687 intron probably null
R0830:Psme4 UTSW 11 30807797 missense possibly damaging 0.53
R0940:Psme4 UTSW 11 30815264 missense possibly damaging 0.53
R1018:Psme4 UTSW 11 30804310 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1312:Psme4 UTSW 11 30807687 intron probably null
R1448:Psme4 UTSW 11 30852744 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1713:Psme4 UTSW 11 30806310 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1732:Psme4 UTSW 11 30848105 missense probably benign 0.03
R1813:Psme4 UTSW 11 30804353 missense probably benign 0.14
R1905:Psme4 UTSW 11 30810922 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1907:Psme4 UTSW 11 30810922 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1911:Psme4 UTSW 11 30815658 missense probably benign 0.02
R1956:Psme4 UTSW 11 30832424 missense probably damaging 0.99
R1974:Psme4 UTSW 11 30819011 missense probably benign 0.00
R1980:Psme4 UTSW 11 30832615 missense possibly damaging 0.84
R1986:Psme4 UTSW 11 30830352 missense probably benign 0.01
R2046:Psme4 UTSW 11 30817723 splice site probably benign
R2142:Psme4 UTSW 11 30820998 missense possibly damaging 0.89
R2698:Psme4 UTSW 11 30874282 critical splice donor site probably null
R2844:Psme4 UTSW 11 30845173 splice site probably benign
R3807:Psme4 UTSW 11 30856027 splice site probably null
R3876:Psme4 UTSW 11 30856068 missense probably damaging 0.99
R4420:Psme4 UTSW 11 30812028 missense possibly damaging 0.67
R4584:Psme4 UTSW 11 30834318 missense probably damaging 1.00
R4615:Psme4 UTSW 11 30834287 missense probably benign 0.02
R4714:Psme4 UTSW 11 30832573 missense probably benign 0.02
R5008:Psme4 UTSW 11 30856896 intron probably benign
R5109:Psme4 UTSW 11 30791095 nonsense probably null
R5155:Psme4 UTSW 11 30876806 missense probably damaging 1.00
R5199:Psme4 UTSW 11 30853272 missense probably benign 0.00
R5205:Psme4 UTSW 11 30832666 intron probably benign
R5452:Psme4 UTSW 11 30791168 missense probably benign
R5491:Psme4 UTSW 11 30815246 missense possibly damaging 0.63
R5685:Psme4 UTSW 11 30809837 missense probably damaging 0.99
R5764:Psme4 UTSW 11 30772364 intron probably benign
R5853:Psme4 UTSW 11 30791234 critical splice donor site probably null
R5865:Psme4 UTSW 11 30791993 missense possibly damaging 0.95
R5903:Psme4 UTSW 11 30841589 missense probably benign 0.28
R5927:Psme4 UTSW 11 30804294 missense possibly damaging 0.82
R6004:Psme4 UTSW 11 30856896 intron probably benign
R6102:Psme4 UTSW 11 30865567 missense probably damaging 1.00
R6247:Psme4 UTSW 11 30853245 missense possibly damaging 0.60
R6527:Psme4 UTSW 11 30832175 missense probably benign
R6750:Psme4 UTSW 11 30853203 missense probably damaging 1.00
R6885:Psme4 UTSW 11 30834307 nonsense probably null
R6939:Psme4 UTSW 11 30837291 missense probably damaging 0.99
R6945:Psme4 UTSW 11 30837437 missense probably benign 0.06
R7029:Psme4 UTSW 11 30772474 intron probably benign
R7049:Psme4 UTSW 11 30813904 intron probably null
R7098:Psme4 UTSW 11 30850661 missense probably damaging 0.99
R7107:Psme4 UTSW 11 30848105 missense probably benign 0.03
R7223:Psme4 UTSW 11 30874226 missense probably benign 0.33
R7319:Psme4 UTSW 11 30807790 missense probably benign 0.00
R7410:Psme4 UTSW 11 30815279 nonsense probably null
R7469:Psme4 UTSW 11 30802837 missense probably benign 0.20
V5088:Psme4 UTSW 11 30851210 missense probably benign 0.17
X0063:Psme4 UTSW 11 30832600 missense possibly damaging 0.66
Nature of Mutation
DNA sequencing using the SOLiD technique identified an A to G transition at position 4572 of the Psme4transcript in exon 38 of 47 total exons. Multiple transcripts of the Psme4gene are displayed on Ensembl and Vega. The mutated nucleotide causes a glutamic acid to glycine substitution at amino acid 1455 of the encoded protein. The mutation has been confirmed by DNA sequencing using the Sanger method (Figure 1).
Protein Function and Prediction

The Psme4 gene encodes two isoforms of a protein that activates proteasomal cleavage of peptides in an energy-independent manner. Isoform 1 contains 1843 amino acids. The protein is involved in spermatogenesis and may be involved in DNA repair. PSME4 contains six HEAT repeats and a bipartite nuclear targeting sequence (Uniprot Q5SSW2). Knockout mice are viable and show no obvious developmental abnormalities. They have reduced male fertility due to defects in spermatogenesis in meiotic spermatocytes and during the maturation of postmeiotic haploid spermatids.

The E1455G change is located between the fourth and fifth HEAT domains, and is predicted to be probably damaging by the PolyPhen program.

Posted On2010-11-02