Incidental Mutation 'R1907:Enam'
ID214451
Institutional Source Beutler Lab
Gene Symbol Enam
Ensembl Gene ENSMUSG00000029286
Gene Nameenamelin
Synonymsabte
MMRRC Submission 039926-MU
Accession Numbers
Is this an essential gene? Possibly essential (E-score: 0.638) question?
Stock #R1907 (G1)
Quality Score225
Status Validated
Chromosome5
Chromosomal Location88487975-88506049 bp(+) (GRCm38)
Type of Mutationmissense
DNA Base Change (assembly) C to T at 88504622 bp
ZygosityHeterozygous
Amino Acid Change Threonine to Isoleucine at position 1330 (T1330I)
Ref Sequence ENSEMBL: ENSMUSP00000142854 (fasta)
Gene Model predicted gene model for transcript(s): [ENSMUST00000031222] [ENSMUST00000199104]
Predicted Effect possibly damaging
Transcript: ENSMUST00000031222
AA Change: T1255I

PolyPhen 2 Score 0.856 (Sensitivity: 0.83; Specificity: 0.93)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000031222
Gene: ENSMUSG00000029286
AA Change: T1255I

DomainStartEndE-ValueType
low complexity region 25 38 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 67 114 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 128 150 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 159 167 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 173 187 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 203 214 N/A INTRINSIC
Pfam:Enamelin 216 441 5.4e-74 PFAM
Pfam:Enamelin 503 1249 1.9e-303 PFAM
Predicted Effect possibly damaging
Transcript: ENSMUST00000199104
AA Change: T1330I

PolyPhen 2 Score 0.861 (Sensitivity: 0.83; Specificity: 0.93)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000142854
Gene: ENSMUSG00000029286
AA Change: T1330I

DomainStartEndE-ValueType
low complexity region 100 113 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 142 189 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 203 225 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 234 242 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 248 262 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 278 289 N/A INTRINSIC
Pfam:Enamelin 291 510 2.5e-74 PFAM
Pfam:Enamelin 550 1325 N/A PFAM
Meta Mutation Damage Score 0.1795 question?
Coding Region Coverage
  • 1x: 97.5%
  • 3x: 97.0%
  • 10x: 95.6%
  • 20x: 93.4%
Validation Efficiency 98% (104/106)
MGI Phenotype FUNCTION: [Summary is not available for the mouse gene. This summary is for the human ortholog.] Dental enamel forms the outer cap of teeth and is the hardest substance found in vertebrates. This gene encodes the largest protein in the enamel matrix of developing teeth. The protein is involved in the mineralization and structural organization of enamel. Defects in this gene result in amelogenesis imperfect type 1C.[provided by RefSeq, Oct 2009]
PHENOTYPE: Homozygous null mice lack true enamel due to loss of mineralization at the secretory surface of ameloblasts and mandibular incisors are opaque with a rough surface and abnormal wear on the incisal edge. ENU-induced mutant mice provide models for various clinical subtypes of amelogenesis imperfecta. [provided by MGI curators]
Allele List at MGI
Other mutations in this stock
Total: 104 list
GeneRefVarChr/LocMutationPredicted EffectZygosity
Abca4 C A 3: 122,069,012 S206R probably damaging Het
Abcc6 G T 7: 46,014,169 A357E probably benign Het
Abhd13 T A 8: 9,988,170 C256S probably benign Het
Actrt3 A G 3: 30,598,567 V126A probably damaging Het
Adgrv1 A G 13: 81,592,551 probably benign Het
Alyref2 A G 1: 171,504,270 D205G probably damaging Het
Amigo3 G A 9: 108,053,636 R86Q probably benign Het
Ankrd50 G C 3: 38,454,052 P1389A probably damaging Het
Aoah A G 13: 20,910,094 D183G probably damaging Het
Arap3 A T 18: 37,996,671 S146T probably benign Het
Atp2c2 T C 8: 119,749,876 probably benign Het
Atp8b2 C T 3: 89,946,276 V682M probably benign Het
Cacna1i T C 15: 80,375,264 I1245T probably damaging Het
Card14 A G 11: 119,331,259 N460S probably benign Het
Ceacam5 A G 7: 17,752,384 D602G possibly damaging Het
Cecr2 T A 6: 120,761,160 H921Q probably benign Het
Cyb5d1 T C 11: 69,394,740 D115G probably benign Het
Dbp C T 7: 45,708,320 T67I possibly damaging Het
Dennd5b C T 6: 149,041,576 V601I probably benign Het
Dnah11 G A 12: 118,127,556 A947V possibly damaging Het
Dpysl3 T A 18: 43,438,128 D27V probably damaging Het
Drd1 A T 13: 54,053,252 D307E possibly damaging Het
Dscaml1 G A 9: 45,740,480 G277D probably damaging Het
Eif4g3 C T 4: 138,158,415 R842W probably damaging Het
Fabp6 T C 11: 43,596,167 probably null Het
Fam160a1 T C 3: 85,672,633 D755G probably benign Het
Fsip2 C T 2: 82,983,428 P3364S possibly damaging Het
Fuk A T 8: 110,893,378 L289* probably null Het
Gad1 C T 2: 70,579,138 S191F possibly damaging Het
Gcm1 A C 9: 78,064,773 N332T probably benign Het
Gin1 G A 1: 97,775,447 probably benign Het
Gpr25 T C 1: 136,260,800 D25G probably benign Het
Gstm4 T C 3: 108,041,277 T172A probably benign Het
Hnrnpll A G 17: 80,035,329 probably null Het
Il12rb2 T A 6: 67,295,286 K339* probably null Het
Inpp1 A G 1: 52,789,670 *397Q probably null Het
Kcp G T 6: 29,497,835 probably benign Het
Kdm1b G A 13: 47,064,120 V352I probably benign Het
Klhdc2 G T 12: 69,296,960 probably benign Het
Krt75 T A 15: 101,573,366 T156S possibly damaging Het
Lag3 T A 6: 124,909,487 I168F possibly damaging Het
Lama4 T G 10: 39,072,758 V839G probably benign Het
Lmtk2 G T 5: 144,175,110 V883L probably benign Het
Lrrc37a C A 11: 103,457,156 K2904N unknown Het
Macf1 A T 4: 123,372,399 I4775N probably damaging Het
Map2k3 T G 11: 60,932,229 S3A possibly damaging Het
Mast1 G A 8: 84,916,266 R967C probably damaging Het
Mettl2 T G 11: 105,126,840 S59A probably benign Het
Mtr G A 13: 12,225,532 T530I probably damaging Het
Myo7b A T 18: 31,976,999 C1137S possibly damaging Het
Nacad T A 11: 6,602,540 H217L probably benign Het
Ncstn A T 1: 172,072,143 V324E probably damaging Het
Ndufaf7 C A 17: 78,942,117 H148N possibly damaging Het
Olfr1048 T C 2: 86,236,110 K242E possibly damaging Het
Olfr517 T A 7: 108,868,498 I219F possibly damaging Het
Olfr628 T A 7: 103,731,983 I19N probably damaging Het
Olfr667 G A 7: 104,917,065 T77I probably damaging Het
Olfr834 T C 9: 18,988,441 I151T possibly damaging Het
Olfr874 T G 9: 37,746,433 L100V probably benign Het
Pcdh20 T C 14: 88,468,704 I387V probably benign Het
Pclo A G 5: 14,678,511 probably benign Het
Pcp2 G A 8: 3,624,904 probably benign Het
Pde1a T A 2: 79,868,307 D393V probably damaging Het
Pias4 T C 10: 81,154,363 D421G possibly damaging Het
Pign T C 1: 105,638,215 T362A possibly damaging Het
Pik3c2g A C 6: 139,844,042 K304Q probably damaging Het
Pkd2 T A 5: 104,486,806 W568R probably damaging Het
Pld2 T A 11: 70,544,184 I306N probably damaging Het
Plppr3 T C 10: 79,874,069 K9R probably damaging Het
Pramef6 T A 4: 143,895,491 R431S possibly damaging Het
Psme4 T C 11: 30,810,922 V397A probably damaging Het
Ptbp2 A T 3: 119,761,749 S23R probably damaging Het
Ptpn13 A G 5: 103,580,709 D2074G probably null Het
Rab34 T A 11: 78,191,255 L166H probably damaging Het
Rabgap1l T A 1: 160,645,310 R519S probably benign Het
Rasa1 A T 13: 85,226,572 L218* probably null Het
Reln A G 5: 22,044,962 probably null Het
Rer1 T C 4: 155,078,499 D94G possibly damaging Het
Rhpn1 T C 15: 75,711,824 V386A probably benign Het
Samd3 T A 10: 26,271,856 C476* probably null Het
Sdk2 C T 11: 113,838,646 silent Het
Sipa1l3 A G 7: 29,339,167 S352P possibly damaging Het
Slc27a2 A G 2: 126,586,342 Y549C probably benign Het
Slc7a9 A G 7: 35,449,854 T7A probably benign Het
Slco4c1 C T 1: 96,842,499 G280D probably damaging Het
Snx19 T A 9: 30,433,576 V657E probably damaging Het
Spata31d1c A G 13: 65,035,876 M411V probably benign Het
Spice1 T A 16: 44,357,830 L72* probably null Het
Stard9 G T 2: 120,713,812 V4471L probably damaging Het
Syt14 A G 1: 192,901,835 L707P probably damaging Het
Tab1 T C 15: 80,153,668 I234T probably damaging Het
Tas2r107 T C 6: 131,659,988 M33V probably benign Het
Tbx4 T A 11: 85,914,523 S479R possibly damaging Het
Tssk5 C T 15: 76,372,893 R263Q probably benign Het
Ttn T C 2: 76,870,856 probably benign Het
Ugt2b5 T A 5: 87,139,630 Q226L probably benign Het
Ush2a C T 1: 188,715,064 S2483L probably benign Het
Wdr95 A G 5: 149,552,426 Y63C probably damaging Het
Xirp2 A G 2: 67,516,356 I2980M probably damaging Het
Yeats4 G A 10: 117,215,731 T207I probably benign Het
Ythdc1 A G 5: 86,830,630 R561G probably damaging Het
Zbtb14 G A 17: 69,387,390 E28K possibly damaging Het
Zfp931 A T 2: 178,069,891 L21Q probably damaging Het
Zyg11b A C 4: 108,255,226 M415R probably damaging Het
Other mutations in Enam
AlleleSourceChrCoordTypePredicted EffectPPH Score
IGL00769:Enam APN 5 88501484 missense possibly damaging 0.83
IGL01611:Enam APN 5 88503749 missense probably damaging 0.99
IGL01802:Enam APN 5 88503674 missense possibly damaging 0.93
IGL02220:Enam APN 5 88504559 nonsense probably null
IGL02371:Enam APN 5 88502809 missense probably benign 0.39
IGL02596:Enam APN 5 88503026 missense probably benign 0.01
IGL03026:Enam APN 5 88503299 missense probably benign 0.38
IGL03303:Enam APN 5 88504591 missense probably benign 0.12
opinionated UTSW 5 88503026 missense probably benign 0.04
recalcitrant UTSW 5 88503791 nonsense probably null
R0200:Enam UTSW 5 88493027 missense possibly damaging 0.96
R0230:Enam UTSW 5 88489655 splice site probably benign
R0395:Enam UTSW 5 88501508 missense probably damaging 0.99
R0548:Enam UTSW 5 88503105 missense probably damaging 0.96
R0608:Enam UTSW 5 88493027 missense possibly damaging 0.96
R0724:Enam UTSW 5 88501994 missense probably damaging 1.00
R0927:Enam UTSW 5 88494060 missense possibly damaging 0.72
R1023:Enam UTSW 5 88501967 missense probably damaging 0.99
R1053:Enam UTSW 5 88504019 missense possibly damaging 0.64
R1169:Enam UTSW 5 88503258 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1230:Enam UTSW 5 88494068 missense probably damaging 0.99
R1324:Enam UTSW 5 88494068 missense possibly damaging 0.53
R1663:Enam UTSW 5 88503994 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1727:Enam UTSW 5 88503994 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1750:Enam UTSW 5 88503227 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1852:Enam UTSW 5 88504465 missense possibly damaging 0.92
R2104:Enam UTSW 5 88501787 missense probably damaging 1.00
R2143:Enam UTSW 5 88492920 missense probably benign 0.02
R2196:Enam UTSW 5 88502744 missense probably damaging 0.99
R2363:Enam UTSW 5 88503149 missense probably benign 0.24
R2497:Enam UTSW 5 88502694 missense probably benign 0.13
R3615:Enam UTSW 5 88504447 missense possibly damaging 0.81
R3616:Enam UTSW 5 88504447 missense possibly damaging 0.81
R3782:Enam UTSW 5 88502815 missense probably damaging 1.00
R4067:Enam UTSW 5 88503377 missense probably damaging 1.00
R4349:Enam UTSW 5 88503548 missense probably damaging 0.99
R4604:Enam UTSW 5 88504283 missense possibly damaging 0.93
R4649:Enam UTSW 5 88492968 missense probably benign 0.02
R4702:Enam UTSW 5 88503791 nonsense probably null
R4703:Enam UTSW 5 88503791 nonsense probably null
R4704:Enam UTSW 5 88503791 nonsense probably null
R4705:Enam UTSW 5 88503791 nonsense probably null
R4714:Enam UTSW 5 88503536 missense probably damaging 1.00
R4748:Enam UTSW 5 88501543 missense probably damaging 1.00
R4838:Enam UTSW 5 88493108 nonsense probably null
R4840:Enam UTSW 5 88503026 missense probably benign 0.04
R4856:Enam UTSW 5 88488734 nonsense probably null
R4886:Enam UTSW 5 88488734 nonsense probably null
R4910:Enam UTSW 5 88502314 missense probably benign
R4911:Enam UTSW 5 88502314 missense probably benign
R6103:Enam UTSW 5 88502328 missense probably damaging 0.96
R6651:Enam UTSW 5 88502917 missense probably damaging 0.98
R6759:Enam UTSW 5 88501691 missense probably damaging 1.00
R7282:Enam UTSW 5 88502327 missense probably damaging 0.99
R7365:Enam UTSW 5 88501488 missense possibly damaging 0.75
R7392:Enam UTSW 5 88501664 missense probably damaging 0.99
R7483:Enam UTSW 5 88501820 missense probably damaging 1.00
R7647:Enam UTSW 5 88503025 missense probably benign 0.00
R7648:Enam UTSW 5 88504157 missense possibly damaging 0.89
R7672:Enam UTSW 5 88503971 missense possibly damaging 0.80
X0018:Enam UTSW 5 88502691 nonsense probably null
Predicted Primers PCR Primer
(F):5'- CCATCATGAAGTTGCCATGC -3'
(R):5'- GGCCACTATTTCTACTGTTGGG -3'

Sequencing Primer
(F):5'- GCTTTGGCTCCAATTCAAAATTTCAC -3'
(R):5'- TTTCTACTGTTGGGAGAGAAAAAGGC -3'
Posted On2014-07-14