Incidental Mutation 'R2162:Htt'
ID235199
Institutional Source Beutler Lab
Gene Symbol Htt
Ensembl Gene ENSMUSG00000029104
Gene Namehuntingtin
SynonymsHD, Hdh, htt, huntingtin, IT15
MMRRC Submission 040165-MU
Accession Numbers
Is this an essential gene? Essential (E-score: 1.000) question?
Stock #R2162 (G1)
Quality Score225
Status Validated
Chromosome5
Chromosomal Location34761740-34912534 bp(+) (GRCm38)
Type of Mutationmissense
DNA Base Change (assembly) T to A at 34821718 bp
ZygosityHeterozygous
Amino Acid Change Valine to Aspartic acid at position 815 (V815D)
Ref Sequence ENSEMBL: ENSMUSP00000078945 (fasta)
Gene Model predicted gene model for transcript(s): [ENSMUST00000080036]
Predicted Effect probably benign
Transcript: ENSMUST00000080036
AA Change: V815D

PolyPhen 2 Score 0.443 (Sensitivity: 0.89; Specificity: 0.90)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000078945
Gene: ENSMUSG00000029104
AA Change: V815D

DomainStartEndE-ValueType
low complexity region 18 65 N/A INTRINSIC
SCOP:d1qgra_ 92 370 1e-12 SMART
low complexity region 371 388 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 432 453 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 1150 1161 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 1423 1441 N/A INTRINSIC
Pfam:DUF3652 1494 1534 9.3e-20 PFAM
low complexity region 1812 1822 N/A INTRINSIC
Blast:GAF 1866 2040 1e-104 BLAST
low complexity region 2461 2472 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 2611 2621 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 2622 2635 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 2857 2872 N/A INTRINSIC
Predicted Effect noncoding transcript
Transcript: ENSMUST00000148953
Meta Mutation Damage Score 0.172 question?
Coding Region Coverage
  • 1x: 99.3%
  • 3x: 98.7%
  • 10x: 97.5%
  • 20x: 95.6%
Validation Efficiency 100% (55/55)
MGI Phenotype FUNCTION: [Summary is not available for the mouse gene. This summary is for the human ortholog.] Huntingtin is a disease gene linked to Huntington's disease, a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by loss of striatal neurons. This is thought to be caused by an expanded, unstable trinucleotide repeat in the huntingtin gene, which translates as a polyglutamine repeat in the protein product. A fairly broad range of trinucleotide repeats (9-35) has been identified in normal controls, and repeat numbers in excess of 40 have been described as pathological. The huntingtin locus is large, spanning 180 kb and consisting of 67 exons. The huntingtin gene is widely expressed and is required for normal development. It is expressed as 2 alternatively polyadenylated forms displaying different relative abundance in various fetal and adult tissues. The larger transcript is approximately 13.7 kb and is expressed predominantly in adult and fetal brain whereas the smaller transcript of approximately 10.3 kb is more widely expressed. The genetic defect leading to Huntington's disease may not necessarily eliminate transcription, but may confer a new property on the mRNA or alter the function of the protein. One candidate is the huntingtin-associated protein-1, highly expressed in brain, which has increased affinity for huntingtin protein with expanded polyglutamine repeats. This gene contains an upstream open reading frame in the 5' UTR that inhibits expression of the huntingtin gene product through translational repression. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2016]
PHENOTYPE: Null mutants gastrulate abnormally and die in utero. Conditional mutants are small with progressive neurodegeneration. Knock-ins of 20-150 CAG repeat units variably mimic Huntington's with late-onset motor defects, reactive gliosis and neuronal inclusions. [provided by MGI curators]
Allele List at MGI
Other mutations in this stock
Total: 54 list
GeneRefVarChr/LocMutationPredicted EffectZygosity
1700022I11Rik A G 4: 42,972,238 T524A possibly damaging Het
Adamts20 A C 15: 94,331,458 C927G probably damaging Het
Afdn T A 17: 13,896,174 D190E probably benign Het
Ankrd28 T C 14: 31,708,762 D850G probably damaging Het
Arhgap45 T C 10: 80,016,979 M1T probably null Het
Atp6v0a4 T G 6: 38,088,646 K128N possibly damaging Het
Bcat1 T A 6: 145,010,108 D349V probably damaging Het
Cacna1i T C 15: 80,356,187 F370S probably damaging Het
Clca4b T C 3: 144,928,587 I82V probably benign Het
Csmd3 CCTTTGCGCTT CCTT 15: 47,741,236 probably null Het
Cyfip2 T C 11: 46,261,506 D485G probably benign Het
Cyp27b1 G T 10: 127,051,060 V382L probably damaging Het
Dnaaf5 T C 5: 139,181,565 V447A possibly damaging Het
Dpp9 A T 17: 56,199,113 F429I possibly damaging Het
Eng C T 2: 32,679,047 R528C probably damaging Het
Gcn1l1 A T 5: 115,592,132 Q835L probably benign Het
Gprc6a CAAA CA 10: 51,615,680 probably null Het
Hlx T A 1: 184,730,692 probably null Het
Il1f5 G T 2: 24,279,680 L17F probably damaging Het
Itga1 C T 13: 115,030,910 V157I probably benign Het
Krtap19-3 T G 16: 88,877,719 *88C probably null Het
Lzic G C 4: 149,488,728 E112D probably null Het
Mark2 G C 19: 7,282,747 S111C probably damaging Het
Mep1b C T 18: 21,086,239 T150I possibly damaging Het
Mroh7 G C 4: 106,700,181 S777R probably damaging Het
Nrxn1 G A 17: 90,162,431 R35C probably damaging Het
Olfr1145 T A 2: 87,810,360 I180K probably damaging Het
Olfr494 C A 7: 108,367,562 P24Q probably benign Het
Olfr624 T G 7: 103,670,872 Q53P possibly damaging Het
Pacs2 A G 12: 113,050,947 T243A probably benign Het
Pan2 A G 10: 128,304,222 E4G possibly damaging Het
Pdp1 A G 4: 11,961,123 V396A probably damaging Het
Pdzd7 A G 19: 45,036,055 probably null Het
Peg10 T A 6: 4,755,914 probably benign Het
Pgc C A 17: 47,729,311 F93L probably null Het
Piezo2 A G 18: 63,081,662 probably null Het
Pja2 T C 17: 64,309,402 D166G probably benign Het
Ppp1r9b T C 11: 94,998,051 L97P probably damaging Het
Ptgir A G 7: 16,906,869 M29V possibly damaging Het
S100a10 T C 3: 93,564,373 V88A probably damaging Het
Scn9a T A 2: 66,534,229 Y789F probably damaging Het
Slit3 A T 11: 35,688,682 S1229C probably null Het
Sptan1 T C 2: 30,018,576 probably benign Het
Srrd G T 5: 112,342,944 probably benign Het
Tdrd3 A G 14: 87,480,785 T201A probably damaging Het
Tectb C G 19: 55,180,999 probably benign Het
Ttll4 A G 1: 74,686,391 K653E probably damaging Het
Usp43 A G 11: 67,879,969 L613P probably damaging Het
Vmn1r167 T C 7: 23,504,799 D264G possibly damaging Het
Whamm A G 7: 81,571,341 D7G probably damaging Het
Zcchc17 T C 4: 130,338,524 D62G probably benign Het
Zfp280d T A 9: 72,298,822 I62K probably damaging Het
Zfp445 T G 9: 122,852,476 E800A probably damaging Het
Zfp516 A G 18: 82,986,938 R656G possibly damaging Het
Other mutations in Htt
AlleleSourceChrCoordTypePredicted EffectPPH Score
IGL00230:Htt APN 5 34799408 missense probably benign 0.00
IGL00233:Htt APN 5 34896026 splice site probably null
IGL00559:Htt APN 5 34849104 splice site probably benign
IGL00765:Htt APN 5 34877425 splice site probably benign
IGL00950:Htt APN 5 34891441 missense probably benign
IGL00953:Htt APN 5 34818677 missense probably benign 0.04
IGL00957:Htt APN 5 34806724 missense probably benign
IGL01314:Htt APN 5 34878856 missense probably benign
IGL01412:Htt APN 5 34898572 missense probably damaging 0.98
IGL01510:Htt APN 5 34907512 missense probably damaging 1.00
IGL01617:Htt APN 5 34876755 missense possibly damaging 0.67
IGL01893:Htt APN 5 34876830 missense probably damaging 1.00
IGL01914:Htt APN 5 34829709 missense probably benign
IGL01994:Htt APN 5 34832604 missense possibly damaging 0.83
IGL02102:Htt APN 5 34891481 splice site probably benign
IGL02381:Htt APN 5 34829760 missense probably benign 0.03
IGL02529:Htt APN 5 34819043 splice site probably benign
IGL02678:Htt APN 5 34899902 missense probably damaging 1.00
IGL02707:Htt APN 5 34829881 critical splice donor site probably null
IGL02731:Htt APN 5 34803793 missense probably benign 0.41
IGL02931:Htt APN 5 34876753 missense probably damaging 1.00
IGL03167:Htt APN 5 34818986 missense probably damaging 0.98
IGL03343:Htt APN 5 34826041 missense probably benign
IGL03344:Htt APN 5 34907466 missense probably benign 0.02
IGL03344:Htt APN 5 34879828 missense probably benign 0.39
IGL03366:Htt APN 5 34907580 missense probably damaging 1.00
IGL03410:Htt APN 5 34799445 missense probably damaging 0.99
Chalk UTSW 5 34907086 missense possibly damaging 0.86
IGL02796:Htt UTSW 5 34877482 missense probably benign 0.43
PIT4377001:Htt UTSW 5 34875965 missense probably benign 0.10
R0013:Htt UTSW 5 34820104 missense probably benign 0.25
R0049:Htt UTSW 5 34908662 missense probably damaging 0.97
R0049:Htt UTSW 5 34908662 missense probably damaging 0.97
R0056:Htt UTSW 5 34826078 splice site probably benign
R0207:Htt UTSW 5 34896908 missense probably benign 0.11
R0329:Htt UTSW 5 34817134 splice site probably benign
R0494:Htt UTSW 5 34821844 missense possibly damaging 0.73
R0548:Htt UTSW 5 34870746 missense probably damaging 1.00
R0601:Htt UTSW 5 34846003 missense probably benign 0.08
R0799:Htt UTSW 5 34817753 missense probably benign 0.00
R0947:Htt UTSW 5 34898924 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1053:Htt UTSW 5 34851217 critical splice acceptor site probably null
R1147:Htt UTSW 5 34851252 missense probably damaging 0.98
R1147:Htt UTSW 5 34851252 missense probably damaging 0.98
R1478:Htt UTSW 5 34803827 missense probably damaging 0.99
R1573:Htt UTSW 5 34864374 splice site probably benign
R1677:Htt UTSW 5 34828574 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1792:Htt UTSW 5 34907199 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1816:Htt UTSW 5 34803740 missense probably benign 0.01
R1833:Htt UTSW 5 34905748 splice site probably benign
R1837:Htt UTSW 5 34819023 missense probably benign 0.00
R1846:Htt UTSW 5 34848944 missense probably damaging 0.98
R1875:Htt UTSW 5 34794112 missense probably benign 0.05
R1899:Htt UTSW 5 34907085 missense probably benign 0.01
R2013:Htt UTSW 5 34852871 missense probably damaging 0.99
R2062:Htt UTSW 5 34825982 missense probably benign 0.00
R2064:Htt UTSW 5 34825982 missense probably benign 0.00
R2067:Htt UTSW 5 34825982 missense probably benign 0.00
R2068:Htt UTSW 5 34825982 missense probably benign 0.00
R2131:Htt UTSW 5 34877109 missense possibly damaging 0.50
R2169:Htt UTSW 5 34877475 missense probably benign 0.08
R2345:Htt UTSW 5 34826004 missense possibly damaging 0.80
R2433:Htt UTSW 5 34907541 missense possibly damaging 0.65
R3027:Htt UTSW 5 34820095 missense possibly damaging 0.85
R3123:Htt UTSW 5 34804531 missense probably benign
R3125:Htt UTSW 5 34804531 missense probably benign
R3717:Htt UTSW 5 34811522 splice site probably benign
R3758:Htt UTSW 5 34895970 missense probably damaging 0.97
R3805:Htt UTSW 5 34877204 splice site probably null
R3833:Htt UTSW 5 34821718 missense probably benign 0.44
R4066:Htt UTSW 5 34878847 missense probably benign
R4272:Htt UTSW 5 34849069 missense possibly damaging 0.96
R4625:Htt UTSW 5 34829785 missense probably damaging 0.99
R4634:Htt UTSW 5 34875948 missense probably benign 0.06
R4655:Htt UTSW 5 34906132 missense probably benign 0.06
R4679:Htt UTSW 5 34820080 missense probably benign
R4684:Htt UTSW 5 34852765 missense probably damaging 1.00
R4832:Htt UTSW 5 34824840 missense probably benign 0.01
R4833:Htt UTSW 5 34852225 missense probably damaging 0.98
R4973:Htt UTSW 5 34813023 missense probably damaging 0.99
R5095:Htt UTSW 5 34824395 missense possibly damaging 0.89
R5132:Htt UTSW 5 34905679 missense possibly damaging 0.89
R5351:Htt UTSW 5 34803833 missense probably damaging 0.99
R5361:Htt UTSW 5 34907584 missense possibly damaging 0.47
R5399:Htt UTSW 5 34877151 missense probably damaging 0.98
R5462:Htt UTSW 5 34885507 nonsense probably null
R5552:Htt UTSW 5 34821774 missense probably benign
R5566:Htt UTSW 5 34849075 missense probably damaging 1.00
R5595:Htt UTSW 5 34905397 missense probably damaging 0.96
R5617:Htt UTSW 5 34870806 missense possibly damaging 0.77
R5835:Htt UTSW 5 34813190 missense probably benign 0.16
R5891:Htt UTSW 5 34870823 missense possibly damaging 0.62
R6158:Htt UTSW 5 34907086 missense possibly damaging 0.86
R6159:Htt UTSW 5 34804676 missense probably benign 0.08
R6169:Htt UTSW 5 34907473 missense probably damaging 1.00
R6242:Htt UTSW 5 34846012 missense probably damaging 1.00
R6274:Htt UTSW 5 34852087 missense possibly damaging 0.81
R6280:Htt UTSW 5 34870759 missense probably benign 0.00
R6294:Htt UTSW 5 34821826 missense probably benign
R6331:Htt UTSW 5 34895887 missense possibly damaging 0.89
R6448:Htt UTSW 5 34875992 missense probably benign 0.05
R6474:Htt UTSW 5 34824895 missense probably benign 0.06
R6592:Htt UTSW 5 34877044 missense possibly damaging 0.92
R6818:Htt UTSW 5 34782767 missense probably damaging 0.99
R6830:Htt UTSW 5 34834326 missense possibly damaging 0.82
R6920:Htt UTSW 5 34877100 missense probably null 1.00
R6962:Htt UTSW 5 34899771 critical splice acceptor site probably null
R7057:Htt UTSW 5 34821723 missense probably null 0.05
R7144:Htt UTSW 5 34846006 missense probably damaging 1.00
R7166:Htt UTSW 5 34852894 missense probably benign 0.42
R7329:Htt UTSW 5 34829755 missense probably benign 0.03
R7378:Htt UTSW 5 34803799 missense probably benign 0.04
R7418:Htt UTSW 5 34790353 missense possibly damaging 0.55
R7495:Htt UTSW 5 34811477 missense probably benign 0.00
R7554:Htt UTSW 5 34864740 missense probably damaging 0.97
Predicted Primers PCR Primer
(F):5'- CTCAAGAGTCAAGGCAAGTAATCAG -3'
(R):5'- AACTGCAGAGACCTCAGGAC -3'

Sequencing Primer
(F):5'- GGGCACATTTACTTTTAAACTCAAGC -3'
(R):5'- AGTCAATCTCTGCCAGAG -3'
Posted On2014-10-01