Incidental Mutation 'R2256:Atf2'
ID243323
Institutional Source Beutler Lab
Gene Symbol Atf2
Ensembl Gene ENSMUSG00000027104
Gene Nameactivating transcription factor 2
SynonymsD130078H02Rik, mXBP, Creb2, ATF-2, CRE-BP
MMRRC Submission 040256-MU
Accession Numbers
Is this an essential gene? Probably essential (E-score: 0.940) question?
Stock #R2256 (G1)
Quality Score225
Status Validated
Chromosome2
Chromosomal Location73816509-73892639 bp(-) (GRCm38)
Type of Mutationintron
DNA Base Change (assembly) A to T at 73845511 bp
ZygosityHeterozygous
Amino Acid Change
Ref Sequence ENSEMBL: ENSMUSP00000118357 (fasta)
Gene Model predicted gene model for transcript(s): [ENSMUST00000055833] [ENSMUST00000090802] [ENSMUST00000100009] [ENSMUST00000112007] [ENSMUST00000112010] [ENSMUST00000112016] [ENSMUST00000112017] [ENSMUST00000128531] [ENSMUST00000136958] [ENSMUST00000154456] [ENSMUST00000173010]
Predicted Effect probably benign
Transcript: ENSMUST00000055833
AA Change: N205K

PolyPhen 2 Score 0.128 (Sensitivity: 0.93; Specificity: 0.86)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000058521
Gene: ENSMUSG00000027104
AA Change: N205K

DomainStartEndE-ValueType
ZnF_C2H2 7 31 4.4e-2 SMART
low complexity region 237 254 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 300 316 N/A INTRINSIC
BRLZ 332 396 3.15e-21 SMART
low complexity region 437 449 N/A INTRINSIC
Predicted Effect possibly damaging
Transcript: ENSMUST00000090802
AA Change: N165K

PolyPhen 2 Score 0.587 (Sensitivity: 0.87; Specificity: 0.91)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000088311
Gene: ENSMUSG00000027104
AA Change: N165K

DomainStartEndE-ValueType
low complexity region 197 214 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 260 276 N/A INTRINSIC
BRLZ 292 356 3.15e-21 SMART
low complexity region 397 409 N/A INTRINSIC
Predicted Effect probably benign
Transcript: ENSMUST00000100009
AA Change: N205K

PolyPhen 2 Score 0.128 (Sensitivity: 0.93; Specificity: 0.86)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000097588
Gene: ENSMUSG00000027104
AA Change: N205K

DomainStartEndE-ValueType
ZnF_C2H2 7 31 4.4e-2 SMART
low complexity region 237 254 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 300 316 N/A INTRINSIC
BRLZ 332 396 3.15e-21 SMART
low complexity region 437 449 N/A INTRINSIC
Predicted Effect possibly damaging
Transcript: ENSMUST00000112007
AA Change: N165K

PolyPhen 2 Score 0.587 (Sensitivity: 0.87; Specificity: 0.91)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000107638
Gene: ENSMUSG00000027104
AA Change: N165K

DomainStartEndE-ValueType
low complexity region 197 214 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 260 276 N/A INTRINSIC
BRLZ 292 356 3.15e-21 SMART
low complexity region 397 409 N/A INTRINSIC
Predicted Effect possibly damaging
Transcript: ENSMUST00000112010
AA Change: N165K

PolyPhen 2 Score 0.587 (Sensitivity: 0.87; Specificity: 0.91)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000107641
Gene: ENSMUSG00000027104
AA Change: N165K

DomainStartEndE-ValueType
low complexity region 197 214 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 260 276 N/A INTRINSIC
BRLZ 292 356 3.15e-21 SMART
low complexity region 397 409 N/A INTRINSIC
Predicted Effect probably null
Transcript: ENSMUST00000112016
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000107647
Gene: ENSMUSG00000027104

DomainStartEndE-ValueType
ZnF_C2H2 7 31 4.4e-2 SMART
low complexity region 139 156 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 202 218 N/A INTRINSIC
BRLZ 234 298 3.15e-21 SMART
low complexity region 339 351 N/A INTRINSIC
Predicted Effect probably benign
Transcript: ENSMUST00000112017
AA Change: N205K

PolyPhen 2 Score 0.128 (Sensitivity: 0.93; Specificity: 0.86)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000107648
Gene: ENSMUSG00000027104
AA Change: N205K

DomainStartEndE-ValueType
ZnF_C2H2 7 31 4.4e-2 SMART
low complexity region 237 254 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 300 316 N/A INTRINSIC
BRLZ 332 396 3.15e-21 SMART
low complexity region 437 449 N/A INTRINSIC
Predicted Effect probably null
Transcript: ENSMUST00000124737
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000114828
Gene: ENSMUSG00000027104

DomainStartEndE-ValueType
low complexity region 31 48 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 94 110 N/A INTRINSIC
BRLZ 126 190 3.89e-12 SMART
Predicted Effect probably null
Transcript: ENSMUST00000124737
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000114828
Gene: ENSMUSG00000027104

DomainStartEndE-ValueType
low complexity region 31 48 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 94 110 N/A INTRINSIC
BRLZ 126 190 3.89e-12 SMART
Predicted Effect probably null
Transcript: ENSMUST00000124737
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000114828
Gene: ENSMUSG00000027104

DomainStartEndE-ValueType
low complexity region 31 48 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 94 110 N/A INTRINSIC
BRLZ 126 190 3.89e-12 SMART
Predicted Effect probably benign
Transcript: ENSMUST00000128531
AA Change: N205K

PolyPhen 2 Score 0.181 (Sensitivity: 0.92; Specificity: 0.87)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000118560
Gene: ENSMUSG00000027104
AA Change: N205K

DomainStartEndE-ValueType
ZnF_C2H2 7 31 4.4e-2 SMART
Predicted Effect noncoding transcript
Transcript: ENSMUST00000129555
Predicted Effect probably null
Transcript: ENSMUST00000136958
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000118357
Gene: ENSMUSG00000027104

DomainStartEndE-ValueType
ZnF_C2H2 7 31 4.4e-2 SMART
low complexity region 139 156 N/A INTRINSIC
Predicted Effect noncoding transcript
Transcript: ENSMUST00000141050
Predicted Effect noncoding transcript
Transcript: ENSMUST00000143714
Predicted Effect probably benign
Transcript: ENSMUST00000154456
AA Change: N122K

PolyPhen 2 Score 0.349 (Sensitivity: 0.90; Specificity: 0.89)
Predicted Effect noncoding transcript
Transcript: ENSMUST00000156455
Predicted Effect probably benign
Transcript: ENSMUST00000173010
AA Change: N205K

PolyPhen 2 Score 0.023 (Sensitivity: 0.95; Specificity: 0.81)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000133632
Gene: ENSMUSG00000027104
AA Change: N205K

DomainStartEndE-ValueType
ZnF_C2H2 7 31 4.4e-2 SMART
low complexity region 237 254 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 300 316 N/A INTRINSIC
BRLZ 332 377 1.32e-5 SMART
Meta Mutation Damage Score 0.1611 question?
Coding Region Coverage
  • 1x: 99.3%
  • 3x: 98.8%
  • 10x: 97.7%
  • 20x: 96.3%
Validation Efficiency 98% (97/99)
MGI Phenotype FUNCTION: [Summary is not available for the mouse gene. This summary is for the human ortholog.] This gene encodes a transcription factor that is a member of the leucine zipper family of DNA binding proteins. The encoded protein has been identified as a moonlighting protein based on its ability to perform mechanistically distinct functions This protein binds to the cAMP-responsive element (CRE), an octameric palindrome. It forms a homodimer or a heterodimer with c-Jun and stimulates CRE-dependent transcription. This protein is also a histone acetyltransferase (HAT) that specifically acetylates histones H2B and H4 in vitro; thus it may represent a class of sequence-specific factors that activate transcription by direct effects on chromatin components. The encoded protein may also be involved in cell's DNA damage response independent of its role in transcriptional regulation. Several alternatively spliced transcript variants have been found for this gene [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2014]
PHENOTYPE: Homozygous mutation of this gene results in increased postnatal lethality, skeletal development defects, runting, decreased hearing, inner ear and brain abnormalities, hyperactivity, and ataxia. [provided by MGI curators]
Allele List at MGI
Other mutations in this stock
Total: 98 list
GeneRefVarChr/LocMutationPredicted EffectZygosity
1700001C19Rik AC A 17: 47,433,423 probably benign Het
4931409K22Rik C T 5: 24,552,040 probably benign Het
6720489N17Rik A T 13: 62,607,396 I36N probably benign Het
Abcb4 T C 5: 8,958,431 S1200P probably damaging Het
Acadsb A G 7: 131,443,653 Y438C probably benign Het
Acp7 A C 7: 28,614,413 W399G probably damaging Het
Actr3b A G 5: 25,822,405 T113A possibly damaging Het
Adgrv1 T C 13: 81,506,140 D2204G probably benign Het
Ago1 A G 4: 126,441,911 V669A possibly damaging Het
Ang5 T A 14: 43,962,521 L14Q probably null Het
Aoc1 T C 6: 48,906,440 Y417H possibly damaging Het
Arhgap32 T C 9: 32,247,497 I186T probably damaging Het
Atg4a A G X: 140,990,235 I91V probably benign Het
Atp7b T G 8: 21,998,266 T1102P probably damaging Het
Bend5 A C 4: 111,431,010 probably benign Het
Camkk2 T C 5: 122,746,335 D341G probably damaging Het
Cast T A 13: 74,739,905 I208L probably damaging Het
Ccdc141 A T 2: 77,132,262 W113R probably damaging Het
Cdk14 T A 5: 4,888,924 M433L probably benign Het
Cel A G 2: 28,561,192 F51S probably damaging Het
Cenpc1 A G 5: 86,016,203 L853S probably damaging Het
Cep162 C A 9: 87,206,914 D972Y probably damaging Het
Clasrp A G 7: 19,586,585 probably benign Het
Cntnap5c T A 17: 58,330,315 N1062K probably benign Het
Col3a1 A G 1: 45,321,632 D74G unknown Het
Copb1 T A 7: 114,253,875 D29V possibly damaging Het
Cox6a1 C T 5: 115,348,848 E35K possibly damaging Het
Cyp2b9 G A 7: 26,173,605 probably null Het
Ddx46 A G 13: 55,647,708 K177E possibly damaging Het
Dmbt1 T C 7: 131,090,494 F823L probably benign Het
Drc7 A T 8: 95,075,009 H666L probably benign Het
Fam228a T C 12: 4,737,775 probably benign Het
Fam71e2 T A 7: 4,771,021 M31L probably benign Het
Fam83e A T 7: 45,728,769 K406* probably null Het
Fam83e A T 7: 45,728,770 K406M possibly damaging Het
Fam90a1a T A 8: 21,963,517 L296Q possibly damaging Het
Fat1 A G 8: 44,950,371 Y53C probably damaging Het
Fhdc1 T C 3: 84,446,046 E624G probably benign Het
Fryl T A 5: 73,072,844 N1657Y possibly damaging Het
Fsip2 T A 2: 82,962,751 D417E probably benign Het
Greb1l A G 18: 10,503,307 M453V possibly damaging Het
Gtf2b A G 3: 142,781,424 D207G probably benign Het
Has3 C A 8: 106,874,256 L117I probably damaging Het
Jmjd1c T A 10: 67,225,294 I1142N probably damaging Het
Lipt2 C T 7: 100,159,394 T38I probably benign Het
Magea2 A T X: 155,027,859 L243Q probably damaging Het
Mast4 A T 13: 102,735,751 C2178S possibly damaging Het
Mctp2 A G 7: 72,185,820 L543P probably damaging Het
Mphosph9 C T 5: 124,283,659 V740I probably benign Het
Mut A T 17: 40,956,319 I595F probably benign Het
Myo1e G A 9: 70,378,373 probably null Het
Nlrc4 A G 17: 74,445,630 I586T probably damaging Het
Nom1 T A 5: 29,437,752 V417D probably damaging Het
Nphs1 A T 7: 30,467,992 I782F possibly damaging Het
Numa1 A G 7: 102,000,791 E1243G probably damaging Het
Olfr1000 T A 2: 85,608,463 Y149F possibly damaging Het
Olfr1254 T C 2: 89,788,470 H294R probably benign Het
Olfr1290 T C 2: 111,489,978 Y60C probably damaging Het
Olfr474 A T 7: 107,955,037 Y132F probably damaging Het
Olfr676 A G 7: 105,035,819 Y207C probably benign Het
Orai2 C T 5: 136,161,600 V52I probably damaging Het
Osbpl5 A G 7: 143,709,094 C186R probably damaging Het
Osbpl6 A G 2: 76,584,474 E403G probably damaging Het
Padi4 G A 4: 140,759,940 T217I possibly damaging Het
Parm1 C T 5: 91,594,121 T116I possibly damaging Het
Pde4dip T A 3: 97,718,184 Q1366L probably damaging Het
Phgdh T C 3: 98,328,291 K108E probably benign Het
Pold1 T C 7: 44,533,799 probably null Het
Ppp1r37 G T 7: 19,562,018 probably benign Het
Sdk2 T C 11: 113,830,794 N1332S probably benign Het
Sema6d A G 2: 124,664,150 D626G probably damaging Het
Skiv2l2 A T 13: 112,876,512 M890K probably damaging Het
Slc18b1 A G 10: 23,810,922 N212S probably benign Het
Slc2a9 T C 5: 38,453,199 T86A probably damaging Het
Slco1a6 A T 6: 142,091,016 M555K probably benign Het
Sntg2 C T 12: 30,236,688 W302* probably null Het
Spata22 T A 11: 73,340,475 M185K possibly damaging Het
Stk35 T A 2: 129,810,507 Y309* probably null Het
Taar8c A G 10: 24,101,071 V281A probably benign Het
Thoc1 C A 18: 9,993,466 D608E possibly damaging Het
Tmem121b A T 6: 120,492,069 Y562* probably null Het
Tmem121b A G 6: 120,492,071 Y562H probably damaging Het
Tmtc4 A T 14: 122,941,408 I449N probably benign Het
Tmub1 C A 5: 24,446,924 G14V possibly damaging Het
Tmub1 G A 5: 24,447,177 probably benign Het
Tshz2 A G 2: 169,886,477 T529A probably damaging Het
Ugdh A T 5: 65,417,115 probably benign Het
Usp25 A G 16: 77,113,794 K913E probably benign Het
Vgf A G 5: 137,031,547 probably benign Het
Vmn2r19 T A 6: 123,329,886 F451Y probably benign Het
Vmn2r59 A T 7: 42,012,245 C715* probably null Het
Vps9d1 C A 8: 123,245,121 A582S probably benign Het
Xbp1 T G 11: 5,524,841 H247Q probably damaging Het
Zfp319 A T 8: 95,328,501 M358K possibly damaging Het
Zfp438 A T 18: 5,213,508 N483K probably damaging Het
Zfp518b T C 5: 38,671,636 N1009D possibly damaging Het
Zfp644 A T 5: 106,635,845 H945Q probably damaging Het
Zgrf1 T A 3: 127,561,997 S291T probably benign Het
Other mutations in Atf2
AlleleSourceChrCoordTypePredicted EffectPPH Score
IGL00886:Atf2 APN 2 73845503 missense possibly damaging 0.85
IGL01608:Atf2 APN 2 73819078 missense probably damaging 1.00
IGL02112:Atf2 APN 2 73819037 missense probably damaging 1.00
IGL02469:Atf2 APN 2 73846332 missense probably damaging 0.99
IGL02686:Atf2 APN 2 73845500 missense possibly damaging 0.90
IGL03381:Atf2 APN 2 73828668 missense probably benign 0.13
R0020:Atf2 UTSW 2 73846284 missense possibly damaging 0.81
R0020:Atf2 UTSW 2 73846284 missense possibly damaging 0.81
R0045:Atf2 UTSW 2 73829856 missense probably benign 0.02
R0045:Atf2 UTSW 2 73829856 missense probably benign 0.02
R0480:Atf2 UTSW 2 73819156 splice site probably benign
R0732:Atf2 UTSW 2 73845500 missense possibly damaging 0.90
R1188:Atf2 UTSW 2 73845537 missense probably damaging 0.96
R1285:Atf2 UTSW 2 73845509 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1287:Atf2 UTSW 2 73845509 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1523:Atf2 UTSW 2 73863208 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1622:Atf2 UTSW 2 73853789 splice site probably null
R1731:Atf2 UTSW 2 73845509 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1935:Atf2 UTSW 2 73846219 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1939:Atf2 UTSW 2 73846219 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1965:Atf2 UTSW 2 73850898 missense possibly damaging 0.87
R2000:Atf2 UTSW 2 73863240 critical splice acceptor site probably null
R2045:Atf2 UTSW 2 73863208 missense probably damaging 1.00
R3147:Atf2 UTSW 2 73850939 synonymous probably null
R3890:Atf2 UTSW 2 73863213 missense probably damaging 1.00
R4680:Atf2 UTSW 2 73828681 splice site probably null
R4715:Atf2 UTSW 2 73823300 missense probably damaging 1.00
R5161:Atf2 UTSW 2 73829790 critical splice donor site probably null
R5853:Atf2 UTSW 2 73828469 splice site probably null
R7419:Atf2 UTSW 2 73842433 missense probably benign 0.01
R7833:Atf2 UTSW 2 73853885 missense possibly damaging 0.94
R7916:Atf2 UTSW 2 73853885 missense possibly damaging 0.94
X0033:Atf2 UTSW 2 73846281 missense possibly damaging 0.63
Predicted Primers PCR Primer
(F):5'- TTGTAAGCCAATCAAGCAGTTC -3'
(R):5'- AACTCCCAAGACCTTTCTGATG -3'

Sequencing Primer
(F):5'- CCAACTTACTGGGACTGC -3'
(R):5'- GGAAATCCATGATTTTTCCCCAGG -3'
Posted On2014-10-16