Incidental Mutation 'R2292:Gdf2'
Institutional Source Beutler Lab
Gene Symbol Gdf2
Ensembl Gene ENSMUSG00000072625
Gene Namegrowth differentiation factor 2
MMRRC Submission 040291-MU
Accession Numbers
Is this an essential gene? Non essential (E-score: 0.000) question?
Stock #R2292 (G1)
Quality Score225
Status Validated
Chromosomal Location33941039-33947198 bp(+) (GRCm38)
Type of Mutationmissense
DNA Base Change (assembly) A to T at 33945188 bp
Amino Acid Change Asparagine to Isoleucine at position 289 (N289I)
Ref Sequence ENSEMBL: ENSMUSP00000098286 (fasta)
Gene Model predicted gene model for transcript(s): [ENSMUST00000100720]
PDB Structure
Pro-bone morphogenetic protein 9 [X-RAY DIFFRACTION]
non-latent pro-bone morphogenetic protein 9 [X-RAY DIFFRACTION]
Predicted Effect possibly damaging
Transcript: ENSMUST00000100720
AA Change: N289I

PolyPhen 2 Score 0.598 (Sensitivity: 0.87; Specificity: 0.91)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000098286
Gene: ENSMUSG00000072625
AA Change: N289I

signal peptide 1 21 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 39 50 N/A INTRINSIC
Pfam:TGFb_propeptide 55 256 8.5e-21 PFAM
TGFB 326 428 3.83e-56 SMART
Meta Mutation Damage Score 0.1795 question?
Coding Region Coverage
  • 1x: 99.2%
  • 3x: 98.6%
  • 10x: 97.3%
  • 20x: 94.8%
Validation Efficiency 100% (44/44)
MGI Phenotype FUNCTION: This gene encodes a secreted ligand of the TGF-beta (transforming growth factor-beta) superfamily of proteins. Ligands of this family bind various TGF-beta receptors leading to recruitment and activation of SMAD family transcription factors that regulate gene expression. The encoded preproprotein is proteolytically processed to generate each subunit of the disulfide-linked homodimer. This protein regulates cartilage and bone development, angiogenesis and differentiation of cholinergic central nervous system neurons. Homozygous null mice exhibit malformations of the vasculature and skeleton. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2016]
PHENOTYPE: Homozygotes for a null allele show arteriovenous malformations, skeletal anomalies, and abnormal retinal vasculature after anti-BMP10-antibody treatment. Homozygotes for a different null allele show abnormal retinal and tracheal vasculature and tracheal lymphatic vessels after anti-BMP10 treatment. [provided by MGI curators]
Allele List at MGI
Other mutations in this stock
Total: 41 list
GeneRefVarChr/LocMutationPredicted EffectZygosity
4932414N04Rik T C 2: 68,732,139 I370T probably benign Het
A2m A G 6: 121,673,559 T1209A possibly damaging Het
Als2 T C 1: 59,187,385 Q920R probably damaging Het
Arhgap20 T A 9: 51,849,443 Y829N possibly damaging Het
Arhgap35 A T 7: 16,563,551 F530I probably damaging Het
Arid4a G T 12: 71,061,541 G40V probably damaging Het
Ascc2 T C 11: 4,679,352 probably benign Het
Cacna1b C T 2: 24,606,620 V2312I probably benign Het
Dctn6 T C 8: 34,092,525 T159A probably benign Het
Ddx55 G T 5: 124,568,077 A522S probably benign Het
Dnah6 G A 6: 73,021,109 T4110I probably damaging Het
Dvl1 G A 4: 155,847,816 V28I possibly damaging Het
Dym A G 18: 75,199,212 T504A possibly damaging Het
E130308A19Rik T C 4: 59,690,579 Y138H probably damaging Het
Fgd4 A T 16: 16,436,000 C568S possibly damaging Het
Fkbp4 A C 6: 128,436,662 V6G probably damaging Het
Flg2 A T 3: 93,220,677 S2299C unknown Het
Gm13023 T C 4: 143,793,876 I66T probably benign Het
Gpr182 A G 10: 127,750,182 I300T possibly damaging Het
Iqcg A G 16: 33,049,883 V80A probably benign Het
Letm1 A AG 5: 33,769,515 probably null Het
Lyst T G 13: 13,740,495 F3258C probably damaging Het
Map3k12 T C 15: 102,500,139 E870G probably damaging Het
Mphosph10 G A 7: 64,385,771 P384L probably damaging Het
Ncoa4 T G 14: 32,173,456 L179R probably damaging Het
Nlrp1c-ps A G 11: 71,246,362 noncoding transcript Het
Nwd2 A T 5: 63,805,574 M834L probably benign Het
Olfr1361 A G 13: 21,658,831 M164T probably damaging Het
Olfr517 A T 7: 108,869,016 M46K probably benign Het
Pccb T C 9: 100,994,632 E266G probably benign Het
Pcdhb2 T A 18: 37,297,244 probably null Het
Prdm13 A C 4: 21,683,914 I119S unknown Het
Tchh A G 3: 93,442,382 Y18C probably damaging Het
Tmem192 T C 8: 64,959,346 V59A probably damaging Het
Trak2 A T 1: 58,935,757 F92Y probably damaging Het
Trappc11 C T 8: 47,505,736 G40D probably damaging Het
Ttc23 A T 7: 67,669,787 I132F probably benign Het
Ttc9b A G 7: 27,655,980 D225G probably benign Het
Ubr3 G T 2: 69,897,260 probably benign Het
Vmn2r75 A C 7: 86,148,936 C556W probably damaging Het
Zbtb41 T C 1: 139,440,359 V595A probably damaging Het
Other mutations in Gdf2
AlleleSourceChrCoordTypePredicted EffectPPH Score
R0557:Gdf2 UTSW 14 33941221 missense probably damaging 1.00
R0631:Gdf2 UTSW 14 33941221 missense probably damaging 1.00
R0739:Gdf2 UTSW 14 33941221 missense probably damaging 1.00
R2142:Gdf2 UTSW 14 33945241 missense probably benign
R3615:Gdf2 UTSW 14 33944957 missense probably damaging 1.00
R3616:Gdf2 UTSW 14 33944957 missense probably damaging 1.00
R3974:Gdf2 UTSW 14 33944834 missense probably damaging 0.97
R3975:Gdf2 UTSW 14 33944834 missense probably damaging 0.97
R3976:Gdf2 UTSW 14 33944834 missense probably damaging 0.97
R4665:Gdf2 UTSW 14 33945451 missense probably damaging 1.00
R5007:Gdf2 UTSW 14 33944906 missense probably benign 0.02
R5227:Gdf2 UTSW 14 33941494 critical splice donor site probably null
R5253:Gdf2 UTSW 14 33945307 missense probably benign 0.14
R5259:Gdf2 UTSW 14 33944831 missense probably benign 0.01
R6286:Gdf2 UTSW 14 33945100 missense probably damaging 1.00
R7644:Gdf2 UTSW 14 33944890 missense probably benign 0.00
Z1177:Gdf2 UTSW 14 33945317 missense probably damaging 0.97
Predicted Primers PCR Primer

Sequencing Primer
Posted On2014-10-30