Incidental Mutation 'R0288:Apob'
ID24745
Institutional Source Beutler Lab
Gene Symbol Apob
Ensembl Gene ENSMUSG00000020609
Gene Nameapolipoprotein B
Synonymsapob-100, apob-48
MMRRC Submission 038507-MU
Accession Numbers
Is this an essential gene? Probably essential (E-score: 0.902) question?
Stock #R0288 (G1)
Quality Score225
Status Validated
Chromosome12
Chromosomal Location7977648-8016835 bp(+) (GRCm38)
Type of Mutationnonsense
DNA Base Change (assembly) C to T at 7990779 bp
ZygosityHeterozygous
Amino Acid Change Arginine to Stop codon at position 635 (R635*)
Ref Sequence ENSEMBL: ENSMUSP00000036044 (fasta)
Gene Model predicted gene model for transcript(s): [ENSMUST00000037520] [ENSMUST00000037811] [ENSMUST00000171271]
Predicted Effect probably null
Transcript: ENSMUST00000037520
AA Change: R622*
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000035761
Gene: ENSMUSG00000020609
AA Change: R622*

DomainStartEndE-ValueType
signal peptide 1 27 N/A INTRINSIC
LPD_N 33 585 6.03e-94 SMART
DUF1943 619 932 7.88e-97 SMART
Pfam:DUF1081 945 1059 9.4e-32 PFAM
low complexity region 1100 1109 N/A INTRINSIC
Blast:LPD_N 1249 1311 9e-22 BLAST
low complexity region 1632 1644 N/A INTRINSIC
internal_repeat_1 1882 2038 6.61e-9 PROSPERO
SCOP:d1gw5a_ 2105 2577 9e-5 SMART
internal_repeat_1 2973 3150 6.61e-9 PROSPERO
low complexity region 3561 3580 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 3928 3936 N/A INTRINSIC
Pfam:ApoB100_C 4401 4456 5.6e-34 PFAM
Predicted Effect probably null
Transcript: ENSMUST00000037811
AA Change: R635*
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000036044
Gene: ENSMUSG00000020609
AA Change: R635*

DomainStartEndE-ValueType
signal peptide 1 27 N/A INTRINSIC
LPD_N 46 598 6.03e-94 SMART
DUF1943 632 945 7.88e-97 SMART
Pfam:DUF1081 960 1070 6.3e-39 PFAM
low complexity region 1113 1122 N/A INTRINSIC
Blast:LPD_N 1282 1344 1e-21 BLAST
low complexity region 1665 1677 N/A INTRINSIC
internal_repeat_1 1915 2071 6.6e-9 PROSPERO
SCOP:d1gw5a_ 2138 2610 9e-5 SMART
internal_repeat_1 3006 3183 6.6e-9 PROSPERO
low complexity region 3594 3613 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 3961 3969 N/A INTRINSIC
Pfam:ApoB100_C 4434 4490 1.6e-32 PFAM
Predicted Effect probably benign
Transcript: ENSMUST00000171271
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000127147
Gene: ENSMUSG00000020609

DomainStartEndE-ValueType
signal peptide 1 27 N/A INTRINSIC
Pfam:Vitellogenin_N 45 324 6.7e-53 PFAM
Meta Mutation Damage Score 0.9755 question?
Coding Region Coverage
  • 1x: 98.8%
  • 3x: 97.8%
  • 10x: 95.1%
  • 20x: 89.7%
Validation Efficiency 98% (62/63)
MGI Phenotype FUNCTION: This gene product is the main apolipoprotein of chylomicrons and low density lipoproteins. It occurs in plasma as two main isoforms, apoB-48 and apoB-100. Unlike the apoB-48 and apoB-100 structural equivalents in human, which are synthesized exclusively in the gut and liver, respectively, the mouse apoB-48 isoform is also found in mouse liver. The intestinal and the hepatic forms of apoB are encoded by a single gene from a single, very long mRNA. The two isoforms share a common N-terminal sequence. The shorter apoB-48 protein is produced after RNA editing of the apoB-100 transcript at residue 2179 (CAA->UAA), resulting in the creation of a stop codon, and early translation termination. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
PHENOTYPE: Homozygous null mutants usually die by midgestation and longer survivors exhibit exencephaly. Heterozygotes show reduced plasma cholesterol and apolipoprotein levels. Single isoform B100 and B48 null mutants are viable. [provided by MGI curators]
Allele List at MGI
Other mutations in this stock
Total: 60 list
GeneRefVarChr/LocMutationPredicted EffectZygosity
Adgrg3 A G 8: 95,039,940 E413G possibly damaging Het
Amigo2 G T 15: 97,245,679 N287K probably damaging Het
Ankle2 T A 5: 110,236,390 I260K probably damaging Het
Camkv A G 9: 107,946,356 Y153C probably damaging Het
Capn9 A G 8: 124,600,491 probably benign Het
Ces2c A G 8: 104,849,744 I130V probably benign Het
Cfap44 T A 16: 44,415,894 probably benign Het
Cfhr3 A G 1: 139,597,687 noncoding transcript Het
Chmp1a G T 8: 123,208,006 D70E probably damaging Het
Coil G A 11: 88,981,868 G352R probably damaging Het
Colq T C 14: 31,543,992 E188G possibly damaging Het
Cyfip2 A G 11: 46,253,972 F685S possibly damaging Het
Cyp4f39 A G 17: 32,492,436 N519S probably benign Het
Dennd1c A T 17: 57,076,870 probably null Het
Dnah9 A T 11: 66,025,134 probably null Het
Dnmbp T C 19: 43,902,459 T290A possibly damaging Het
Dsc2 T C 18: 20,033,120 D818G probably damaging Het
Gnptab G A 10: 88,433,105 V557I probably benign Het
Hdac4 A T 1: 91,971,006 H675Q probably damaging Het
Kcnk3 T C 5: 30,588,420 M35T probably benign Het
Kif1b A T 4: 149,199,338 I1290N probably damaging Het
Klhl14 G A 18: 21,565,563 R398W probably damaging Het
Marveld1 T C 19: 42,147,826 F60L probably damaging Het
Miox C T 15: 89,336,274 L189F possibly damaging Het
Ncoa6 TGC TGCGC 2: 155,408,291 probably null Het
Ndst3 A T 3: 123,672,194 V43D probably benign Het
Nhsl1 A G 10: 18,524,046 D306G probably damaging Het
Nlrp2 A G 7: 5,328,545 V284A probably benign Het
Pcdhb15 T C 18: 37,475,398 V561A probably damaging Het
Pdcl2 T C 5: 76,312,497 I177V possibly damaging Het
Pkd1l3 G A 8: 109,646,499 probably null Het
Pla2g6 A C 15: 79,286,906 probably benign Het
Plekhj1 A T 10: 80,796,610 I122N probably damaging Het
Pmel T C 10: 128,714,306 I70T probably benign Het
Psip1 T C 4: 83,464,959 D273G probably damaging Het
Rictor A G 15: 6,786,540 I1098V probably benign Het
Rif1 T C 2: 52,110,013 S1160P probably damaging Het
Rsbn1l T C 5: 20,920,040 I255V probably damaging Het
Slc15a5 A G 6: 138,017,916 probably benign Het
Slc29a1 G A 17: 45,589,804 R111W probably damaging Het
Slc36a1 G A 11: 55,219,087 A74T probably damaging Het
Slc5a7 A T 17: 54,293,018 Y122* probably null Het
Slc6a3 G T 13: 73,560,928 G324W probably damaging Het
Sltm T C 9: 70,579,351 S433P probably damaging Het
Spta1 T C 1: 174,243,179 S2190P probably damaging Het
Sry A T Y: 2,662,818 F281I unknown Het
Stk32a T A 18: 43,304,995 probably null Het
Sytl2 T C 7: 90,403,020 probably benign Het
Tbl3 G A 17: 24,701,807 H612Y probably damaging Het
Tmem144 G A 3: 79,839,273 probably benign Het
Top2a A G 11: 99,016,423 probably benign Het
Usp9y A T Y: 1,333,606 probably benign Het
Vldlr G A 19: 27,240,651 probably benign Het
Vmn1r28 G A 6: 58,265,717 A182T probably benign Het
Vmn2r28 A G 7: 5,488,021 L409P probably damaging Het
Vps13c T C 9: 67,927,366 V1659A probably damaging Het
Wdr17 C T 8: 54,693,096 A90T possibly damaging Het
Zfp280d A T 9: 72,331,339 K646* probably null Het
Zfp36 A G 7: 28,378,241 S81P probably benign Het
Zfp618 A T 4: 63,132,934 T651S possibly damaging Het
Other mutations in Apob
AlleleSourceChrCoordTypePredicted EffectPPH Score
IGL00402:Apob APN 12 7993065 splice site probably benign
IGL00421:Apob APN 12 8010197 missense probably damaging 0.99
IGL00658:Apob APN 12 8009471 missense probably benign 0.08
IGL00768:Apob APN 12 8002107 missense probably damaging 1.00
IGL00833:Apob APN 12 8010101 missense probably benign 0.14
IGL00926:Apob APN 12 8015421 missense probably benign 0.01
IGL01065:Apob APN 12 8003299 missense probably damaging 0.99
IGL01313:Apob APN 12 8000898 missense probably damaging 1.00
IGL01419:Apob APN 12 8002251 missense probably damaging 0.99
IGL01461:Apob APN 12 8001884 missense probably benign 0.13
IGL02002:Apob APN 12 7994822 missense probably benign 0.03
IGL02031:Apob APN 12 8015222 missense probably benign
IGL02102:Apob APN 12 7989407 missense possibly damaging 0.94
IGL02115:Apob APN 12 7992923 missense probably benign 0.06
IGL02513:Apob APN 12 7992979 missense probably benign 0.01
IGL02967:Apob APN 12 8015366 nonsense probably null
IGL03005:Apob APN 12 7993059 splice site probably benign
IGL03011:Apob APN 12 7997883 missense probably damaging 1.00
IGL03116:Apob APN 12 8016350 missense probably damaging 0.98
IGL03215:Apob APN 12 8013818 missense possibly damaging 0.92
IGL03227:Apob APN 12 8016089 missense probably benign 0.04
Aesthete UTSW 12 8010080 nonsense probably null
Essence UTSW 12 8007769 nonsense probably null
Ethos UTSW 12 7990394 missense probably null 1.00
IGL02835:Apob UTSW 12 8015097 missense possibly damaging 0.86
IGL02837:Apob UTSW 12 8005102 missense probably damaging 1.00
R0071:Apob UTSW 12 8002111 missense probably damaging 0.98
R0071:Apob UTSW 12 8002111 missense probably damaging 0.98
R0116:Apob UTSW 12 7989113 unclassified probably benign
R0180:Apob UTSW 12 8008285 nonsense probably null
R0295:Apob UTSW 12 8002181 nonsense probably null
R0305:Apob UTSW 12 8012210 missense probably damaging 1.00
R0312:Apob UTSW 12 8009034 missense probably benign
R0324:Apob UTSW 12 8010521 missense probably benign 0.41
R0326:Apob UTSW 12 7990307 missense probably damaging 1.00
R0363:Apob UTSW 12 8010136 missense probably damaging 1.00
R0390:Apob UTSW 12 7988678 missense probably damaging 0.99
R0462:Apob UTSW 12 8000896 missense probably damaging 1.00
R0471:Apob UTSW 12 7990406 missense probably damaging 1.00
R0532:Apob UTSW 12 8016188 missense possibly damaging 0.48
R0548:Apob UTSW 12 8006282 missense probably damaging 1.00
R0560:Apob UTSW 12 8005101 missense probably damaging 1.00
R0595:Apob UTSW 12 8008369 missense probably benign 0.01
R0600:Apob UTSW 12 8006440 missense probably damaging 1.00
R0626:Apob UTSW 12 8016193 missense probably benign 0.45
R0685:Apob UTSW 12 8010742 missense probably benign
R0765:Apob UTSW 12 8016518 missense probably benign
R0790:Apob UTSW 12 8010245 missense probably damaging 1.00
R0918:Apob UTSW 12 7983941 missense probably benign 0.10
R0962:Apob UTSW 12 7989191 missense probably damaging 0.98
R1055:Apob UTSW 12 7994963 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1077:Apob UTSW 12 8006017 missense probably benign
R1143:Apob UTSW 12 8012354 missense probably benign 0.26
R1163:Apob UTSW 12 8011654 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1266:Apob UTSW 12 8006093 missense probably benign 0.37
R1434:Apob UTSW 12 8009715 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1442:Apob UTSW 12 7986165 missense probably benign 0.31
R1445:Apob UTSW 12 8016084 missense possibly damaging 0.48
R1459:Apob UTSW 12 8006047 missense probably benign
R1459:Apob UTSW 12 8011937 missense possibly damaging 0.92
R1465:Apob UTSW 12 8011421 missense possibly damaging 0.91
R1465:Apob UTSW 12 8011421 missense possibly damaging 0.91
R1508:Apob UTSW 12 8011481 missense possibly damaging 0.92
R1518:Apob UTSW 12 7989207 missense probably benign 0.01
R1531:Apob UTSW 12 7997880 missense possibly damaging 0.65
R1547:Apob UTSW 12 8003368 missense probably benign 0.08
R1574:Apob UTSW 12 7990839 missense possibly damaging 0.51
R1574:Apob UTSW 12 7990839 missense possibly damaging 0.51
R1682:Apob UTSW 12 8012365 missense probably benign 0.00
R1709:Apob UTSW 12 8009306 missense probably damaging 0.98
R1718:Apob UTSW 12 8016087 missense probably benign 0.02
R1752:Apob UTSW 12 7988766 missense probably benign 0.01
R1781:Apob UTSW 12 8009603 missense possibly damaging 0.96
R1818:Apob UTSW 12 8006834 missense probably damaging 0.98
R1818:Apob UTSW 12 8013064 missense possibly damaging 0.93
R1842:Apob UTSW 12 8011559 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1843:Apob UTSW 12 8007602 missense possibly damaging 0.65
R1853:Apob UTSW 12 8010928 nonsense probably null
R1990:Apob UTSW 12 8001039 missense probably damaging 1.00
R2016:Apob UTSW 12 8007751 missense possibly damaging 0.48
R2017:Apob UTSW 12 8007751 missense possibly damaging 0.48
R2023:Apob UTSW 12 8011090 missense probably benign 0.01
R2037:Apob UTSW 12 8007488 missense probably benign 0.37
R2054:Apob UTSW 12 8013134 missense probably damaging 1.00
R2057:Apob UTSW 12 8002164 nonsense probably null
R2085:Apob UTSW 12 8012240 missense probably damaging 1.00
R2159:Apob UTSW 12 8010081 missense probably benign 0.12
R2209:Apob UTSW 12 8007752 missense probably benign 0.28
R2249:Apob UTSW 12 8007499 missense probably damaging 1.00
R2254:Apob UTSW 12 8011256 missense possibly damaging 0.92
R2265:Apob UTSW 12 8015475 missense possibly damaging 0.74
R2266:Apob UTSW 12 8015475 missense possibly damaging 0.74
R2267:Apob UTSW 12 8015475 missense possibly damaging 0.74
R2268:Apob UTSW 12 8015475 missense possibly damaging 0.74
R2296:Apob UTSW 12 7994879 missense probably damaging 0.97
R2897:Apob UTSW 12 8010356 missense probably damaging 1.00
R3431:Apob UTSW 12 8010778 missense probably damaging 1.00
R3723:Apob UTSW 12 8006327 missense probably damaging 1.00
R3723:Apob UTSW 12 8011763 missense possibly damaging 0.46
R3899:Apob UTSW 12 8015849 missense possibly damaging 0.87
R4020:Apob UTSW 12 7994914 nonsense probably null
R4050:Apob UTSW 12 8015390 missense probably benign 0.02
R4351:Apob UTSW 12 7993054 missense probably benign 0.03
R4365:Apob UTSW 12 8016083 missense possibly damaging 0.95
R4366:Apob UTSW 12 8016083 missense possibly damaging 0.95
R4456:Apob UTSW 12 8015445 missense probably damaging 1.00
R4458:Apob UTSW 12 8015445 missense probably damaging 1.00
R4600:Apob UTSW 12 8008568 missense probably damaging 1.00
R4611:Apob UTSW 12 8011331 missense probably damaging 1.00
R4646:Apob UTSW 12 8012759 missense probably benign 0.21
R4678:Apob UTSW 12 7995585 missense probably damaging 1.00
R4685:Apob UTSW 12 8006456 missense probably benign 0.00
R4707:Apob UTSW 12 8006205 missense probably damaging 0.96
R4726:Apob UTSW 12 7990267 missense probably damaging 0.98
R4792:Apob UTSW 12 8008051 missense probably benign 0.26
R4822:Apob UTSW 12 8015741 missense probably benign 0.04
R4834:Apob UTSW 12 8014101 missense possibly damaging 0.49
R4835:Apob UTSW 12 8015391 missense possibly damaging 0.56
R4887:Apob UTSW 12 8013099 missense probably damaging 1.00
R4910:Apob UTSW 12 8007848 missense probably damaging 1.00
R5072:Apob UTSW 12 8008714 missense probably benign 0.00
R5073:Apob UTSW 12 8005219 critical splice donor site probably null
R5074:Apob UTSW 12 8005219 critical splice donor site probably null
R5101:Apob UTSW 12 8011934 missense probably benign 0.09
R5123:Apob UTSW 12 8007630 splice site probably null
R5133:Apob UTSW 12 8008898 missense probably damaging 0.99
R5135:Apob UTSW 12 8010086 missense probably damaging 1.00
R5137:Apob UTSW 12 8011384 missense possibly damaging 0.63
R5160:Apob UTSW 12 8012126 missense possibly damaging 0.90
R5173:Apob UTSW 12 8008238 missense probably benign 0.00
R5202:Apob UTSW 12 8013737 missense probably damaging 0.98
R5229:Apob UTSW 12 7977806 missense probably benign
R5292:Apob UTSW 12 8005912 missense probably benign 0.01
R5378:Apob UTSW 12 8011865 missense probably damaging 0.99
R5494:Apob UTSW 12 8011762 missense probably damaging 0.99
R5517:Apob UTSW 12 7990906 missense probably damaging 1.00
R5576:Apob UTSW 12 7998662 missense probably damaging 1.00
R5582:Apob UTSW 12 8010788 missense probably damaging 1.00
R5629:Apob UTSW 12 8007847 missense probably damaging 1.00
R5678:Apob UTSW 12 7991494 missense possibly damaging 0.92
R5732:Apob UTSW 12 8010353 missense probably benign 0.15
R5734:Apob UTSW 12 7988781 missense probably damaging 1.00
R5742:Apob UTSW 12 8007191 missense probably damaging 1.00
R5751:Apob UTSW 12 8012619 nonsense probably null
R5776:Apob UTSW 12 8006149 missense possibly damaging 0.57
R5778:Apob UTSW 12 8015074 missense probably benign 0.45
R5783:Apob UTSW 12 8001022 missense probably damaging 1.00
R5786:Apob UTSW 12 8015304 missense possibly damaging 0.48
R5837:Apob UTSW 12 8003277 missense probably benign 0.04
R5857:Apob UTSW 12 8015397 missense probably benign 0.00
R6029:Apob UTSW 12 8016243 missense probably damaging 0.99
R6032:Apob UTSW 12 7995513 missense probably benign 0.02
R6032:Apob UTSW 12 7995513 missense probably benign 0.02
R6086:Apob UTSW 12 8015164 missense probably benign
R6110:Apob UTSW 12 8011883 missense probably damaging 1.00
R6131:Apob UTSW 12 8015874 missense probably benign 0.17
R6157:Apob UTSW 12 8006077 missense probably benign
R6179:Apob UTSW 12 8005060 nonsense probably null
R6247:Apob UTSW 12 8001801 missense probably damaging 1.00
R6279:Apob UTSW 12 8007769 nonsense probably null
R6300:Apob UTSW 12 8007769 nonsense probably null
R6320:Apob UTSW 12 7989194 missense probably benign 0.27
R6339:Apob UTSW 12 8016188 missense probably damaging 0.99
R6353:Apob UTSW 12 8009421 missense probably damaging 1.00
R6395:Apob UTSW 12 8008507 missense probably benign 0.45
R6441:Apob UTSW 12 7987796 missense probably damaging 1.00
R6492:Apob UTSW 12 8008261 missense probably damaging 0.99
R6495:Apob UTSW 12 7990394 missense probably null 1.00
R6502:Apob UTSW 12 8001814 missense probably damaging 0.99
R6520:Apob UTSW 12 7983124 missense probably damaging 1.00
R6644:Apob UTSW 12 8009077 missense probably damaging 0.97
R6704:Apob UTSW 12 8010379 missense probably damaging 0.98
R6750:Apob UTSW 12 7997853 missense probably damaging 1.00
R6759:Apob UTSW 12 8011049 missense probably benign 0.06
R6812:Apob UTSW 12 7983062 missense probably damaging 0.98
R6865:Apob UTSW 12 8008847 missense probably benign 0.05
R6873:Apob UTSW 12 8015995 missense probably benign 0.00
R7013:Apob UTSW 12 8010080 nonsense probably null
R7067:Apob UTSW 12 8009423 missense probably damaging 1.00
R7084:Apob UTSW 12 8009591 missense probably benign
R7113:Apob UTSW 12 7995539 missense probably damaging 1.00
R7175:Apob UTSW 12 8007034 missense probably benign 0.33
R7196:Apob UTSW 12 7983893 missense possibly damaging 0.90
R7199:Apob UTSW 12 8005072 missense probably damaging 1.00
R7205:Apob UTSW 12 8005087 missense probably damaging 0.98
R7251:Apob UTSW 12 8007037 missense probably damaging 0.98
R7474:Apob UTSW 12 8009185 missense probably benign 0.29
R7484:Apob UTSW 12 8006884 nonsense probably null
R7538:Apob UTSW 12 8002219 missense probably damaging 0.98
R7636:Apob UTSW 12 8009516 missense possibly damaging 0.86
R7646:Apob UTSW 12 8009189 missense probably damaging 0.99
R7787:Apob UTSW 12 7990780 missense probably damaging 0.97
R7793:Apob UTSW 12 8008124 missense probably damaging 0.99
R7836:Apob UTSW 12 8001885 missense possibly damaging 0.72
R7895:Apob UTSW 12 8011933 missense probably benign 0.00
R8005:Apob UTSW 12 8009744 missense probably benign 0.01
R8013:Apob UTSW 12 8010798 missense possibly damaging 0.94
R8014:Apob UTSW 12 8010798 missense possibly damaging 0.94
R8111:Apob UTSW 12 8008801 missense probably benign 0.16
R8117:Apob UTSW 12 8006435 missense probably damaging 0.99
R8226:Apob UTSW 12 8009056 missense probably benign 0.00
R8244:Apob UTSW 12 8010548 missense probably damaging 0.96
R8280:Apob UTSW 12 8010851 missense possibly damaging 0.46
R8310:Apob UTSW 12 8009033 missense probably benign 0.00
R8327:Apob UTSW 12 8001015 missense possibly damaging 0.72
R8329:Apob UTSW 12 8011135 missense probably damaging 0.98
R8331:Apob UTSW 12 8001882 missense probably benign 0.28
R8351:Apob UTSW 12 8006356 missense probably benign 0.29
R8412:Apob UTSW 12 8008069 missense probably benign 0.33
R8425:Apob UTSW 12 7988842 missense possibly damaging 0.70
R8493:Apob UTSW 12 8009009 missense possibly damaging 0.87
R8529:Apob UTSW 12 8007353 missense probably damaging 1.00
R8554:Apob UTSW 12 7987830 missense probably damaging 0.98
X0027:Apob UTSW 12 8007975 missense probably benign
Z1088:Apob UTSW 12 8005074 missense possibly damaging 0.91
Z1088:Apob UTSW 12 8005945 nonsense probably null
Z1088:Apob UTSW 12 8012936 missense possibly damaging 0.95
Z1176:Apob UTSW 12 7998011 missense probably damaging 1.00
Z1176:Apob UTSW 12 8004978 missense probably benign 0.00
Z1177:Apob UTSW 12 7988765 missense probably benign 0.43
Z1177:Apob UTSW 12 8015249 frame shift probably null
Predicted Primers PCR Primer
(F):5'- ACTGAAAATCCTGGGCTGGGACAC -3'
(R):5'- GTATTGCACAGAATGGGCAAACGAC -3'

Sequencing Primer
(F):5'- GACCTTGAACCAAATTTTTGGGC -3'
(R):5'- TGGGCAAACGACTCTGAGC -3'
Posted On2013-04-16