Incidental Mutation 'R0324:Aatf'
Institutional Source Beutler Lab
Gene Symbol Aatf
Ensembl Gene ENSMUSG00000018697
Gene Nameapoptosis antagonizing transcription factor
SynonymsTrb, 4933415H02Rik, 5830465M17Rik, Che-1
MMRRC Submission 038534-MU
Accession Numbers

NCBI RefSeq: NM_019816.1; MGI:1929608

Is this an essential gene? Essential (E-score: 1.000) question?
Stock #R0324 (G1)
Quality Score225
Status Not validated
Chromosomal Location84422855-84513522 bp(-) (GRCm38)
Type of Mutationcritical splice donor site (2 bp from exon)
DNA Base Change (assembly) A to G at 84512139 bp
Amino Acid Change
Ref Sequence ENSEMBL: ENSMUSP00000018841 (fasta)
Gene Model predicted gene model for transcript(s): [ENSMUST00000018841]
Predicted Effect probably null
Transcript: ENSMUST00000018841
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000018841
Gene: ENSMUSG00000018697

low complexity region 2 35 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 91 119 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 130 173 N/A INTRINSIC
Pfam:AATF-Che1 187 339 4.6e-40 PFAM
low complexity region 418 429 N/A INTRINSIC
Pfam:TRAUB 430 514 3.2e-29 PFAM
Predicted Effect noncoding transcript
Transcript: ENSMUST00000148434
Coding Region Coverage
  • 1x: 99.0%
  • 3x: 98.1%
  • 10x: 96.1%
  • 20x: 93.1%
Validation Efficiency
MGI Phenotype Strain: 2176283
FUNCTION: [Summary is not available for the mouse gene. This summary is for the human ortholog.] The protein encoded by this gene was identified on the basis of its interaction with MAP3K12/DLK, a protein kinase known to be involved in the induction of cell apoptosis. This gene product contains a leucine zipper, which is a characteristic motif of transcription factors, and was shown to exhibit strong transactivation activity when fused to Gal4 DNA binding domain. Overexpression of this gene interfered with MAP3K12 induced apoptosis. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
PHENOTYPE: Homozygous embryos do not develop past the compacted morula stage, and after failing to maintain compaction. Mutant embryos show abnormal morphology at E3.5, with most not forming a blastocoel cavity. Severely reduced cell proliferation is observed before blastocyst formation. [provided by MGI curators]
Allele List at MGI

All alleles(20) : Targeted(2) Gene trapped(18

Other mutations in this stock
Total: 76 list
GeneRefVarChr/LocMutationPredicted EffectZygosity
1700010I14Rik T C 17: 9,001,157 L357S probably benign Het
1700129C05Rik C T 14: 59,142,807 R14H probably damaging Het
4933417A18Rik A G 13: 34,924,613 N26S probably benign Het
Abca13 T A 11: 9,297,669 M2472K possibly damaging Het
Abcd3 C A 3: 121,769,167 Q540H probably null Het
Adam17 C T 12: 21,349,938 V156I probably benign Het
Adam26a A G 8: 43,568,453 S667P probably benign Het
Adcy10 A G 1: 165,564,249 K1333E probably benign Het
Apob G A 12: 8,010,521 R2968Q probably benign Het
Arap3 G A 18: 37,973,225 P1522S possibly damaging Het
Catsper1 A T 19: 5,336,545 S269C probably damaging Het
Cd209d A T 8: 3,878,258 S42R probably benign Het
Cntln T A 4: 85,092,695 V1049E probably damaging Het
Cracr2b T C 7: 141,463,746 F87L probably damaging Het
Crb3 T C 17: 57,065,133 L60P probably damaging Het
Crispld1 T C 1: 17,749,591 V271A probably benign Het
Cyp2c66 G T 19: 39,176,691 R372L probably benign Het
Ddx58 T C 4: 40,213,766 T586A probably benign Het
Deup1 G A 9: 15,582,533 R438W probably benign Het
Dnah6 C T 6: 73,173,558 E741K possibly damaging Het
Epha4 T C 1: 77,383,551 E703G probably damaging Het
Evc2 G A 5: 37,393,099 R819H probably damaging Het
Fam217a A C 13: 34,910,961 C272G possibly damaging Het
Fndc7 T C 3: 108,876,699 probably null Het
Foxs1 C T 2: 152,932,687 G149S probably benign Het
Galnt13 T C 2: 54,854,616 V109A probably benign Het
Hmgxb4 G A 8: 74,998,928 M7I probably benign Het
Klk1b1 T A 7: 43,970,741 C209* probably null Het
Klra10 A G 6: 130,272,650 probably null Het
Kntc1 A T 5: 123,778,112 K701N probably damaging Het
Lpgat1 T A 1: 191,749,642 L114Q probably damaging Het
Mecom T A 3: 29,963,112 Q468L probably damaging Het
Med15 T C 16: 17,697,612 T70A probably damaging Het
Msh6 T A 17: 87,986,620 Y934* probably null Het
Mtus1 T C 8: 41,084,395 T95A probably benign Het
Mylk3 C A 8: 85,352,906 R444S probably damaging Het
Nbea A G 3: 56,057,948 probably null Het
Nbeal1 T C 1: 60,292,873 V2242A probably damaging Het
Nhp2 A G 11: 51,622,507 T85A possibly damaging Het
Nlk A G 11: 78,572,431 S413P possibly damaging Het
Nmbr A G 10: 14,760,448 I54V possibly damaging Het
Nmur2 A T 11: 56,040,520 C122S probably damaging Het
Nudt13 G T 14: 20,311,515 V220L probably damaging Het
Olfr1025-ps1 G A 2: 85,917,951 V9M probably benign Het
Pclo G A 5: 14,669,433 G1195R unknown Het
Pcsk7 A G 9: 45,913,011 H276R possibly damaging Het
Pdss2 T C 10: 43,393,928 S256P probably damaging Het
Pgf G T 12: 85,171,424 H116N probably benign Het
Pglyrp2 T C 17: 32,418,328 D242G probably benign Het
Plk2 G A 13: 110,397,708 R274K probably benign Het
Ppp6r3 G T 19: 3,464,693 P141T probably benign Het
Prss54 T C 8: 95,565,667 T95A probably benign Het
Rab3il1 A G 19: 10,028,289 D149G probably damaging Het
Rasgef1c T C 11: 49,961,230 probably null Het
Rhpn1 T C 15: 75,711,588 M334T probably damaging Het
Robo2 C T 16: 73,967,851 V630M probably damaging Het
Rptor C T 11: 119,892,641 R1154W probably damaging Het
Scnn1g A G 7: 121,740,555 I192M possibly damaging Het
Sit1 G A 4: 43,482,815 Q115* probably null Het
Slc13a2 T C 11: 78,404,524 N141S probably damaging Het
Slc19a2 C A 1: 164,256,775 T78K probably damaging Het
Snx14 A G 9: 88,405,238 probably null Het
Stil T A 4: 115,039,149 C944S probably benign Het
Tnfaip2 A G 12: 111,453,459 N675S probably damaging Het
Trim30c A G 7: 104,383,309 I270T possibly damaging Het
Ugt2a3 C T 5: 87,327,073 probably null Het
Vmn1r213 A T 13: 23,011,418 probably benign Het
Vmn2r8 A C 5: 108,797,941 probably null Het
Vps13c T C 9: 67,964,309 F3253L possibly damaging Het
Zbtb16 G T 9: 48,665,275 Q502K possibly damaging Het
Zfp143 A G 7: 110,077,147 K218E possibly damaging Het
Zfp946 A G 17: 22,454,436 N57S probably benign Het
Zfp985 T C 4: 147,582,857 Y61H probably benign Het
Zkscan1 G A 5: 138,097,523 R246Q probably damaging Het
Zpld1 A G 16: 55,251,615 F94L probably damaging Het
Zswim5 G T 4: 116,986,906 W1047L probably damaging Het
Other mutations in Aatf
AlleleSourceChrCoordTypePredicted EffectPPH Score
IGL00900:Aatf APN 11 84470557 splice site probably benign
IGL01482:Aatf APN 11 84470710 missense possibly damaging 0.51
IGL01775:Aatf APN 11 84471137 missense probably damaging 1.00
IGL02881:Aatf APN 11 84471289 splice site probably benign
R0183:Aatf UTSW 11 84510425 splice site probably null
R0200:Aatf UTSW 11 84445676 missense probably damaging 1.00
R0257:Aatf UTSW 11 84510281 missense probably benign 0.33
R0494:Aatf UTSW 11 84511513 missense probably benign
R0544:Aatf UTSW 11 84423005 missense probably benign 0.09
R1186:Aatf UTSW 11 84470549 splice site probably benign
R2339:Aatf UTSW 11 84511497 missense probably benign 0.00
R4626:Aatf UTSW 11 84422958 makesense probably null
R4647:Aatf UTSW 11 84471197 missense possibly damaging 0.69
R4697:Aatf UTSW 11 84449138 missense probably damaging 1.00
R4981:Aatf UTSW 11 84511497 missense probably benign 0.00
R5490:Aatf UTSW 11 84510273 missense probably damaging 1.00
R5938:Aatf UTSW 11 84442574 missense possibly damaging 0.88
R6267:Aatf UTSW 11 84473100 missense probably benign 0.09
R6296:Aatf UTSW 11 84473100 missense probably benign 0.09
R6633:Aatf UTSW 11 84511482 critical splice donor site probably null
R7081:Aatf UTSW 11 84471125 missense possibly damaging 0.84
R7212:Aatf UTSW 11 84449180 missense probably damaging 0.98
R7545:Aatf UTSW 11 84470676 missense probably benign 0.04
R7754:Aatf UTSW 11 84511509 missense possibly damaging 0.53
R7871:Aatf UTSW 11 84471038 frame shift probably null
R8411:Aatf UTSW 11 84470676 missense probably benign 0.04
X0018:Aatf UTSW 11 84510385 missense possibly damaging 0.85
Z1176:Aatf UTSW 11 84442585 missense probably benign 0.01
Predicted Primers PCR Primer

Sequencing Primer
(F):5'- agccatctctccagccc -3'
Protein Function and Prediction

Aatf encodes apoptosis-antagonizing transcription factor (AATF; alternatively Che-1 or Traube (Trb)), a nuclear protein that regulates gene transcription and cell proliferation. AATF has a leucine zipper motif, three nuclear receptor-binding LxxLL consensus sequences, and two N-terminal acidic domains (1;2). AATF is essential for preimplantation development.


AATF is expressed at high levels in the heart, skeletal muscle, and testis, and at lower levels in all other tissues analyzed (1-3). In the mouse Aatf is ubiquitously expressed early in development; expression is restricted to the liver and central nervous system from embryonic day (E)11.5 onward (4). The AATF protein is localized to the nucleus and the nucleoli (4).


AATF is an interacting protein for RNA polymerase II. In addition, AATF counteracts Rb repression to facilitate E2F-dependent transactivation during G1-S transition. AATF also functions in the DNA damage response and cell-cycle checkpoint control. AATF is an adaptor that connects transcriptional regulation, cell-cycle progression, checkpoint control, and apoptosis [reviewed in (5)].


AatfGt(pGT1.8geo)3Pgr/Gt(pGT1.8geo)3Pgr; MGI:2176283

Genetic background: either: (involves: 129/Sv * C57BL/6) or (involves: 129/Sv * NMRI)
Homozygous embryos do not develop past the compacted morula stage, and after failing to maintain compaction (4). Mutant embryos show abnormal morphology at E3.5, with most not forming a blastocoel cavity (4). Severely reduced cell proliferation is observed before blastocyst formation (4). Homozygous embryos also exhibit 50% reduction in total cell number resulting in decreased embryo size (4).

Posted On2013-04-16
Science WriterAnne Murray