Incidental Mutation 'R4392:Prl'
Institutional Source Beutler Lab
Gene Symbol Prl
Ensembl Gene ENSMUSG00000021342
Gene Nameprolactin
SynonymsPrl, Prl1a1
MMRRC Submission 041127-MU
Accession Numbers
Is this an essential gene? Probably non essential (E-score: 0.249) question?
Stock #R4392 (G1)
Quality Score225
Status Validated
Chromosomal Location27057570-27065205 bp(+) (GRCm38)
Type of Mutationmissense
DNA Base Change (assembly) A to G at 27064351 bp
Amino Acid Change Isoleucine to Valine at position 131 (I131V)
Ref Sequence ENSEMBL: ENSMUSP00000018061 (fasta)
Gene Model predicted gene model for transcript(s): [ENSMUST00000018061] [ENSMUST00000110369] [ENSMUST00000224228]
Predicted Effect possibly damaging
Transcript: ENSMUST00000018061
AA Change: I131V

PolyPhen 2 Score 0.834 (Sensitivity: 0.84; Specificity: 0.93)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000018061
Gene: ENSMUSG00000021342
AA Change: I131V

Pfam:Hormone_1 15 225 1.6e-61 PFAM
Predicted Effect possibly damaging
Transcript: ENSMUST00000110369
AA Change: I134V

PolyPhen 2 Score 0.688 (Sensitivity: 0.86; Specificity: 0.92)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000105998
Gene: ENSMUSG00000021342
AA Change: I134V

Pfam:Hormone_1 18 228 4.7e-59 PFAM
Predicted Effect possibly damaging
Transcript: ENSMUST00000224228
AA Change: I132V

PolyPhen 2 Score 0.495 (Sensitivity: 0.88; Specificity: 0.90)
Predicted Effect noncoding transcript
Transcript: ENSMUST00000224627
Meta Mutation Damage Score 0.1795 question?
Coding Region Coverage
  • 1x: 99.5%
  • 3x: 98.5%
  • 10x: 96.1%
  • 20x: 90.5%
Validation Efficiency 95% (69/73)
MGI Phenotype FUNCTION: [Summary is not available for the mouse gene. This summary is for the human ortholog.] This gene encodes the anterior pituitary hormone prolactin. This secreted hormone is a growth regulator for many tissues, including cells of the immune system. It may also play a role in cell survival by suppressing apoptosis, and it is essential for lactation. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants that encode the same protein. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2011]
PHENOTYPE: Homozygous null female mice have irregular oestrus cycles and are infertile. Defects of the pituitary gland include hyperplasia, which progresses to adenoma, and impaired secretion. [provided by MGI curators]
Allele List at MGI
Other mutations in this stock
Total: 60 list
GeneRefVarChr/LocMutationPredicted EffectZygosity
4931414P19Rik C T 14: 54,584,978 probably null Het
Abca13 A C 11: 9,309,034 K2920T possibly damaging Het
Amy2b T G 3: 113,149,408 noncoding transcript Het
Anapc1 T C 2: 128,676,249 probably null Het
Bmp7 T G 2: 172,916,542 D178A probably benign Het
Brsk1 T A 7: 4,698,750 I170N probably damaging Het
Bub3 C T 7: 131,566,335 A187V probably benign Het
Cacna2d2 A G 9: 107,400,280 H71R possibly damaging Het
Cdrt4 A T 11: 62,951,353 K20N probably benign Het
Clec12a A T 6: 129,353,464 probably benign Het
Col12a1 T A 9: 79,662,488 Y1600F probably damaging Het
Cyp2a12 T A 7: 27,029,275 I57N probably damaging Het
Dip2b T C 15: 100,162,036 L223P probably damaging Het
Dnah5 G A 15: 28,289,229 R1188H probably benign Het
Dopey1 T C 9: 86,503,143 probably benign Het
Efcab5 T A 11: 77,090,458 N1354I probably damaging Het
Eif4b T A 15: 102,086,641 probably null Het
Elmsan1 A T 12: 84,173,111 D356E probably benign Het
Erlec1 A G 11: 30,943,697 probably null Het
Esp24 T C 17: 39,040,077 probably benign Het
Esp34 T C 17: 38,559,491 V24A possibly damaging Het
Fbxw15 T A 9: 109,568,232 probably benign Het
Foxc2 T C 8: 121,117,452 S280P probably damaging Het
Gm21738 G C 14: 19,417,178 L117V probably benign Het
Grk3 A G 5: 112,920,136 F467S probably damaging Het
Grwd1 C T 7: 45,827,780 G228S probably damaging Het
Gtf2i T C 5: 134,260,629 E399G probably damaging Het
Hjurp GT GTT 1: 88,266,524 probably null Het
Homer3 G A 8: 70,290,143 probably null Het
Lhx4 A G 1: 155,710,134 Y83H probably damaging Het
Mdga1 T C 17: 29,850,656 T413A probably damaging Het
Mmrn2 T A 14: 34,397,616 L184H probably damaging Het
Mroh2a C T 1: 88,259,589 R133C probably damaging Het
Myh13 A C 11: 67,344,881 probably null Het
Nkain3 C A 4: 20,282,985 R116L possibly damaging Het
Nxph2 A C 2: 23,400,272 Q212P probably damaging Het
Olfr268-ps1 T C 2: 111,844,345 noncoding transcript Het
Olfr726 A G 14: 50,084,603 F26S probably benign Het
Otog T C 7: 46,285,124 Y1369H probably damaging Het
Ptprg A T 14: 12,142,467 I373F possibly damaging Het
Rad18 A T 6: 112,693,529 C25S probably damaging Het
Rgs12 A G 5: 35,032,311 T678A probably damaging Het
Scaper T A 9: 55,858,115 E557V probably damaging Het
Scube3 C T 17: 28,164,788 P511L probably null Het
Sgpl1 A G 10: 61,104,452 probably benign Het
Slc10a1 C A 12: 80,967,804 E47D probably damaging Het
Sptbn4 T C 7: 27,418,471 N369S probably damaging Het
Sstr5 T C 17: 25,491,224 T344A probably benign Het
Tgm4 C T 9: 123,066,752 T631I probably benign Het
Tmprss15 A G 16: 79,024,438 Y457H probably damaging Het
Trpm7 A T 2: 126,795,509 probably null Het
Trpm7 A T 2: 126,848,538 W207R probably damaging Het
Ttc26 A G 6: 38,381,557 probably benign Het
Ugt1a1 CAGAGAGAGAGAGA CAGAGAGAGAGA 1: 88,211,984 probably benign Het
Ugt1a10 C T 1: 88,215,123 P113L probably damaging Het
Usp2 A T 9: 44,091,259 H384L probably damaging Het
Vmn2r27 C T 6: 124,230,176 V169I probably benign Het
Vopp1 A C 6: 57,762,476 F29C probably damaging Het
Wrn T C 8: 33,251,832 D953G probably damaging Het
Zfp759 T A 13: 67,139,643 C419* probably null Het
Other mutations in Prl
AlleleSourceChrCoordTypePredicted EffectPPH Score
IGL01081:Prl APN 13 27065041 missense possibly damaging 0.93
IGL02514:Prl APN 13 27059394 missense probably damaging 1.00
IGL02638:Prl APN 13 27061579 missense probably benign 0.02
IGL03093:Prl APN 13 27064887 missense probably benign 0.04
R0479:Prl UTSW 13 27064928 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1259:Prl UTSW 13 27061489 splice site probably null
R1489:Prl UTSW 13 27057636 missense probably damaging 0.96
R5183:Prl UTSW 13 27057596 start gained probably benign
R6623:Prl UTSW 13 27061509 missense probably benign 0.01
R6831:Prl UTSW 13 27059547 missense probably benign 0.01
R6860:Prl UTSW 13 27064959 missense possibly damaging 0.89
R8806:Prl UTSW 13 27059532 missense probably damaging 0.98
Predicted Primers PCR Primer

Sequencing Primer
Posted On2015-07-06