Incidental Mutation 'R4911:Gal'
ID379589
Institutional Source Beutler Lab
Gene Symbol Gal
Ensembl Gene ENSMUSG00000024907
Gene Namegalanin
SynonymsGaln
MMRRC Submission 042513-MU
Accession Numbers
Is this an essential gene? Non essential (E-score: 0.000) question?
Stock #R4911 (G1)
Quality Score225
Status Validated
Chromosome19
Chromosomal Location3409919-3414472 bp(-) (GRCm38)
Type of Mutationmissense
DNA Base Change (assembly) T to C at 3411590 bp
ZygosityHeterozygous
Amino Acid Change Glutamic Acid to Glycine at position 65 (E65G)
Ref Sequence ENSEMBL: ENSMUSP00000025842 (fasta)
Gene Model predicted gene model for transcript(s): [ENSMUST00000025840] [ENSMUST00000025842] [ENSMUST00000127142] [ENSMUST00000142193]
Predicted Effect probably benign
Transcript: ENSMUST00000025840
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000025840
Gene: ENSMUSG00000024905

DomainStartEndE-ValueType
low complexity region 91 99 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 107 123 N/A INTRINSIC
Blast:CXC 246 287 4e-13 BLAST
CXC 332 373 1.37e-17 SMART
Predicted Effect probably benign
Transcript: ENSMUST00000025842
AA Change: E65G

PolyPhen 2 Score 0.154 (Sensitivity: 0.92; Specificity: 0.87)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000025842
Gene: ENSMUSG00000024907
AA Change: E65G

DomainStartEndE-ValueType
low complexity region 6 18 N/A INTRINSIC
Galanin 20 124 3.41e-68 SMART
Predicted Effect probably benign
Transcript: ENSMUST00000127142
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000122687
Gene: ENSMUSG00000024905

DomainStartEndE-ValueType
Blast:CXC 67 107 1e-13 BLAST
CXC 152 193 1.37e-17 SMART
Predicted Effect probably benign
Transcript: ENSMUST00000142193
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000114171
Gene: ENSMUSG00000024905

DomainStartEndE-ValueType
Blast:CXC 67 107 1e-13 BLAST
CXC 152 193 1.37e-17 SMART
Meta Mutation Damage Score 0.7588 question?
Coding Region Coverage
  • 1x: 99.0%
  • 3x: 98.1%
  • 10x: 95.5%
  • 20x: 89.7%
Validation Efficiency 97% (149/153)
MGI Phenotype FUNCTION: This gene encodes a neuroendocrine peptide that is principally produced by a subpopulation of lactotrophs in the pituitary gland. The encoded protein is a precursor that is proteolytically processed to generate two mature peptides: galanin and galanin message-associated peptide (GMAP). Mice lacking the encoded protein fail to lactate sufficiently due to abnormalities in the expression of prolactin and lactotroph proliferation, exhibit attenuated chronic neuropathic pain and developmental deficits in the dorsal root ganglion neurons. This gene encodes distinct isoforms, some or all of which may undergo similar processing to generate the mature proteins. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2016]
PHENOTYPE: Homozygous inactivation of this gene leads to alterations in neuroendocrine homeostasis, prolactin release, lactotroph number, mammary gland maturation, lactation, susceptibility to neuronal excitotoxicity and induced seizures, sensory neuron developmentand regeneration, and long term potentiation. [provided by MGI curators]
Allele List at MGI
Other mutations in this stock
Total: 132 list
GeneRefVarChr/LocMutationPredicted EffectZygosity
2010111I01Rik A T 13: 63,170,939 probably null Het
4430402I18Rik G A 19: 28,897,503 probably benign Het
Aacs A G 5: 125,506,160 D260G possibly damaging Het
Aadacl4 T A 4: 144,613,792 L29H probably damaging Het
Abca7 T C 10: 80,012,188 probably null Het
Adgre1 G A 17: 57,447,832 M643I possibly damaging Het
Adgrl2 A T 3: 148,890,463 M79K probably damaging Het
Ankrd55 T A 13: 112,323,039 probably null Het
Arhgap21 A G 2: 20,858,989 I1257T probably damaging Het
Arhgap26 T A 18: 38,993,637 probably benign Het
Arhgap39 A G 15: 76,737,805 S199P probably damaging Het
Arhgef5 A G 6: 43,272,828 D171G probably benign Het
Atp7a T C X: 106,120,374 V1305A probably damaging Het
B3gnt3 T A 8: 71,692,934 R263S probably benign Het
B9d1 A C 11: 61,507,671 D59A probably benign Het
Bag2 A T 1: 33,748,276 I55N probably benign Het
Bank1 T C 3: 136,284,243 I29V probably benign Het
Bbs2 A T 8: 94,089,115 D174E probably damaging Het
Bmp8b T C 4: 123,115,237 W203R probably damaging Het
Cacnb2 A T 2: 14,981,340 E359D possibly damaging Het
Camp T A 9: 109,847,583 probably null Het
Casp4 C T 9: 5,328,580 probably benign Het
Ccdc110 A T 8: 45,942,907 T612S probably benign Het
Cd209b T A 8: 3,926,640 probably null Het
Cemip T C 7: 83,983,253 D367G probably damaging Het
Cers5 T A 15: 99,747,079 N131I probably damaging Het
Chd5 T G 4: 152,360,672 V370G probably damaging Het
Cipc C A 12: 86,952,757 Q20K probably benign Het
Cnr2 T A 4: 135,917,201 F197I possibly damaging Het
Col7a1 G A 9: 108,975,219 G2233S unknown Het
Dcdc2b T A 4: 129,611,267 I125F possibly damaging Het
Ddi2 A G 4: 141,684,402 S400P probably benign Het
Ddx31 C A 2: 28,904,684 T664K probably benign Het
Dhx30 C A 9: 110,100,924 G35C probably damaging Het
Dmxl2 G A 9: 54,411,653 T1576I probably damaging Het
Dnah1 T C 14: 31,295,323 Y1510C probably damaging Het
Dnah2 C T 11: 69,499,104 probably null Het
Dock10 C A 1: 80,606,236 G163C probably damaging Het
Edar T C 10: 58,621,324 N144S probably benign Het
Elavl2 T A 4: 91,308,678 E54D possibly damaging Het
Enam T G 5: 88,502,314 S561A probably benign Het
Ercc5 C A 1: 44,166,871 H315N possibly damaging Het
Esp31 A G 17: 38,644,661 E65G possibly damaging Het
Faap100 T C 11: 120,372,113 I806M probably benign Het
Fam159a T C 4: 108,377,461 T70A probably benign Het
Fbxw21 T C 9: 109,145,663 Y263C probably damaging Het
Fsip2 T A 2: 82,981,493 S2719T possibly damaging Het
Fv1 T C 4: 147,869,418 V147A probably benign Het
Galnt6 T C 15: 100,716,178 T81A probably benign Het
Gcc2 A G 10: 58,270,439 E399G probably damaging Het
Gfi1b A T 2: 28,610,102 C306S probably damaging Het
Gm10654 T A 8: 70,931,852 noncoding transcript Het
Gm20388 A G 8: 123,080,604 probably benign Het
Gm4788 T G 1: 139,774,563 D61A probably damaging Het
Gm4953 T A 1: 159,168,359 noncoding transcript Het
Gorasp2 T C 2: 70,688,339 probably benign Het
Gse1 T C 8: 120,568,466 probably benign Het
H2-D1 A G 17: 35,265,997 E278G probably damaging Het
Herc2 T C 7: 56,227,892 L4569P probably damaging Het
Hgs T A 11: 120,477,202 S246T probably damaging Het
Hs2st1 T C 3: 144,465,082 T110A probably benign Het
Hydin A G 8: 110,595,438 Y4574C probably benign Het
Ighv1-23 C A 12: 114,764,752 V17F possibly damaging Het
Ighv8-14 A T 12: 115,808,565 noncoding transcript Het
Igsf21 C T 4: 140,034,623 R248H probably benign Het
Il23r T C 6: 67,423,561 N595S probably benign Het
Il5ra G T 6: 106,715,668 P372Q probably damaging Het
Iltifb T C 10: 118,294,989 M1V probably null Het
Inppl1 A G 7: 101,832,309 V222A possibly damaging Het
Ints10 T C 8: 68,827,312 V697A probably damaging Het
Isg15 T A 4: 156,199,760 T104S probably benign Het
Kif11 A G 19: 37,417,937 T983A probably benign Het
Kif3b A T 2: 153,317,292 K338* probably null Het
Kpna2 T A 11: 106,990,719 I362F probably damaging Het
Lama2 G A 10: 27,138,927 T1595M probably damaging Het
Lrrc36 A G 8: 105,426,935 T126A probably benign Het
Lrrk1 T A 7: 66,295,454 D604V probably damaging Het
Map7d1 T C 4: 126,236,691 K409E probably damaging Het
Mast2 T C 4: 116,353,057 T110A probably benign Het
Micall2 G A 5: 139,716,825 T221M probably damaging Het
Morc2b T A 17: 33,137,377 N474Y probably damaging Het
Myo1e T A 9: 70,343,096 M528K probably benign Het
Nlrp1c-ps G T 11: 71,260,369 noncoding transcript Het
Nostrin T C 2: 69,161,142 S160P possibly damaging Het
Nup133 T C 8: 123,927,131 R530G possibly damaging Het
Olfr452 T A 6: 42,790,204 L55H probably damaging Het
Olfr488 T C 7: 108,256,037 I34V possibly damaging Het
Olfr894 A G 9: 38,219,096 E91G probably damaging Het
Pabpc4l A T 3: 46,446,162 M349K possibly damaging Het
Pah G A 10: 87,570,267 G256S probably benign Het
Park2 G T 17: 10,840,472 probably benign Het
Pigk T C 3: 152,740,204 S151P probably damaging Het
Plcd4 A C 1: 74,564,413 T658P possibly damaging Het
Pld4 A T 12: 112,764,517 S178C probably benign Het
Polr1a G A 6: 71,909,229 E23K possibly damaging Het
Pomt1 T C 2: 32,241,679 S127P probably damaging Het
Pon2 A G 6: 5,269,029 V215A possibly damaging Het
Ppp3cb A T 14: 20,509,440 M416K probably damaging Het
Prdm1 A T 10: 44,442,052 N273K possibly damaging Het
Prg4 T A 1: 150,455,823 probably benign Het
Ptch1 G A 13: 63,523,052 T888M probably damaging Het
Pusl1 T G 4: 155,891,442 probably benign Het
Rapgef6 A T 11: 54,622,317 E122D probably damaging Het
Rif1 C T 2: 52,110,518 T1328I probably damaging Het
Rngtt T G 4: 33,500,292 probably null Het
Runx2 G A 17: 44,814,192 P80L probably damaging Het
Samd1 A G 8: 83,998,989 probably benign Het
Scamp5 A T 9: 57,451,452 F14I probably damaging Het
Shank3 C T 15: 89,504,344 R380C probably damaging Het
Slc1a4 C A 11: 20,332,166 A103S probably damaging Het
Slc39a14 A G 14: 70,309,922 V325A probably benign Het
Slc5a9 C A 4: 111,891,744 probably null Het
Spta1 T A 1: 174,185,647 S375T probably damaging Het
Sval1 A G 6: 41,955,444 N76S probably benign Het
Synpo C T 18: 60,629,864 probably benign Het
Sytl5 C T X: 9,915,602 P181L possibly damaging Het
Tacc1 A G 8: 25,182,606 M111T possibly damaging Het
Tec T C 5: 72,756,351 D613G probably benign Het
Tecpr2 C T 12: 110,931,487 T391I possibly damaging Het
Thop1 G A 10: 81,073,291 G52D probably damaging Het
Tmco5 T A 2: 116,892,208 V270D possibly damaging Het
Ttn C T 2: 76,726,629 E28265K possibly damaging Het
Tuft1 T C 3: 94,635,443 D72G probably damaging Het
Tyrp1 C T 4: 80,850,907 probably benign Het
Usp9y T C Y: 1,308,041 D2265G probably damaging Het
Vmn2r104 G A 17: 20,030,026 A661V probably benign Het
Vwa5a A T 9: 38,737,972 N672I probably benign Het
Wdr95 A T 5: 149,611,692 K772* probably null Het
Ybx1 T C 4: 119,282,813 T106A probably benign Het
Ypel3 T C 7: 126,777,789 S14P probably benign Het
Zfp518a T A 19: 40,915,528 S1300R probably benign Het
Zscan5b A T 7: 6,239,190 *469Y probably null Het
Other mutations in Gal
AlleleSourceChrCoordTypePredicted EffectPPH Score
IGL00922:Gal APN 19 3411575 missense probably benign 0.02
R0385:Gal UTSW 19 3411171 missense probably benign 0.13
R3605:Gal UTSW 19 3414026 splice site probably null
R4817:Gal UTSW 19 3411126 splice site probably null
R5046:Gal UTSW 19 3411167 missense probably damaging 0.99
R5921:Gal UTSW 19 3410100 missense probably damaging 0.99
R6660:Gal UTSW 19 3410108 missense possibly damaging 0.52
R7658:Gal UTSW 19 3413309 missense probably damaging 1.00
X0065:Gal UTSW 19 3411181 missense probably benign 0.15
Predicted Primers PCR Primer
(F):5'- CTTGTTGTAGGTGCATGCCC -3'
(R):5'- TACTACTATCCTCTGCTGGGG -3'

Sequencing Primer
(F):5'- TAGGTGCATGCCCCAAAACTTTG -3'
(R):5'- GGGGCTTCCACACTTTTGGC -3'
Posted On2016-04-15