Incidental Mutation 'R5338:Pkd1'
ID423664
Institutional Source Beutler Lab
Gene Symbol Pkd1
Ensembl Gene ENSMUSG00000032855
Gene Namepolycystin 1, transient receptor poteintial channel interacting
SynonymsPC-1, polycystin-1, PC1
Accession Numbers

Ncbi RefSeq: NM_013630.2; MGI:97603

Is this an essential gene? Essential (E-score: 1.000) question?
Stock #R5338 (G1)
Quality Score225
Status Not validated
Chromosome17
Chromosomal Location24549834-24596508 bp(+) (GRCm38)
Type of Mutationmissense
DNA Base Change (assembly) A to T at 24594536 bp
ZygosityHeterozygous
Amino Acid Change Methionine to Leucine at position 4017 (M4017L)
Ref Sequence ENSEMBL: ENSMUSP00000049296 (fasta)
Gene Model predicted gene model for transcript(s): [ENSMUST00000035565] [ENSMUST00000097373] [ENSMUST00000226284] [ENSMUST00000226398] [ENSMUST00000227058] [ENSMUST00000227745] [ENSMUST00000227804] [ENSMUST00000228581] [ENSMUST00000228412]
Predicted Effect probably benign
Transcript: ENSMUST00000035565
AA Change: M4017L

PolyPhen 2 Score 0.000 (Sensitivity: 1.00; Specificity: 0.00)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000049296
Gene: ENSMUSG00000032855
AA Change: M4017L

DomainStartEndE-ValueType
signal peptide 1 23 N/A INTRINSIC
LRRNT 32 71 1.61e-8 SMART
LRR_TYP 90 113 2.47e-5 SMART
LRRCT 125 177 3.84e-12 SMART
WSC 177 271 6.93e-34 SMART
PKD 272 355 2.72e-15 SMART
CLECT 406 530 5.72e-20 SMART
low complexity region 545 558 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 763 788 N/A INTRINSIC
PKD 930 1008 1.06e-8 SMART
PKD 1015 1119 2.26e-12 SMART
PKD 1122 1205 2.03e-14 SMART
PKD 1208 1288 1.14e-17 SMART
PKD 1290 1373 2.35e-10 SMART
PKD 1374 1459 7.63e-10 SMART
PKD 1464 1541 1.95e-16 SMART
PKD 1544 1625 1.05e-16 SMART
PKD 1631 1714 1.93e-1 SMART
PKD 1716 1798 2.21e-15 SMART
PKD 1799 1882 5.7e-9 SMART
PKD 1884 1964 1.56e-6 SMART
PKD 1968 2056 3.1e-10 SMART
PKD 2057 2140 1.74e-13 SMART
Pfam:REJ 2167 2610 1e-108 PFAM
low complexity region 2697 2706 N/A INTRINSIC
GPS 3003 3052 1.33e-12 SMART
transmembrane domain 3065 3087 N/A INTRINSIC
LH2 3110 3224 3.5e-18 SMART
transmembrane domain 3275 3294 N/A INTRINSIC
transmembrane domain 3314 3336 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 3357 3378 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 3479 3492 N/A INTRINSIC
transmembrane domain 3547 3569 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 3573 3591 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 3626 3639 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 3661 3676 N/A INTRINSIC
Pfam:PKD_channel 3701 4103 7.1e-125 PFAM
low complexity region 4153 4172 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 4238 4256 N/A INTRINSIC
Predicted Effect probably benign
Transcript: ENSMUST00000097373
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000094986
Gene: ENSMUSG00000002496

DomainStartEndE-ValueType
Pfam:DUF3384 54 470 4e-103 PFAM
Pfam:Tuberin 555 903 5.9e-149 PFAM
low complexity region 1023 1054 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 1271 1278 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 1310 1328 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 1330 1344 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 1378 1398 N/A INTRINSIC
Pfam:Rap_GAP 1497 1685 1.3e-43 PFAM
Predicted Effect noncoding transcript
Transcript: ENSMUST00000116692
Predicted Effect probably benign
Transcript: ENSMUST00000226284
Predicted Effect probably benign
Transcript: ENSMUST00000226398
Predicted Effect noncoding transcript
Transcript: ENSMUST00000226473
Predicted Effect noncoding transcript
Transcript: ENSMUST00000226691
Predicted Effect probably benign
Transcript: ENSMUST00000227058
Predicted Effect noncoding transcript
Transcript: ENSMUST00000227094
Predicted Effect probably benign
Transcript: ENSMUST00000227107
Predicted Effect noncoding transcript
Transcript: ENSMUST00000227432
Predicted Effect probably benign
Transcript: ENSMUST00000227745
Predicted Effect probably benign
Transcript: ENSMUST00000227804
Predicted Effect probably benign
Transcript: ENSMUST00000228581
Predicted Effect probably benign
Transcript: ENSMUST00000228412
Predicted Effect noncoding transcript
Transcript: ENSMUST00000228750
Coding Region Coverage
  • 1x: 99.3%
  • 3x: 98.7%
  • 10x: 97.5%
  • 20x: 95.8%
Validation Efficiency
MGI Phenotype Strain: Several; see below
Lethality: E13-E15
FUNCTION: [Summary is not available for the mouse gene. This summary is for the human ortholog.] This gene encodes a member of the polycystin protein family. The encoded glycoprotein contains a large N-terminal extracellular region, multiple transmembrane domains and a cytoplasmic C-tail. It is an integral membrane protein that functions as a regulator of calcium permeable cation channels and intracellular calcium homoeostasis. It is also involved in cell-cell/matrix interactions and may modulate G-protein-coupled signal-transduction pathways. It plays a role in renal tubular development, and mutations in this gene cause autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease type 1 (ADPKD1). ADPKD1 is characterized by the growth of fluid-filled cysts that replace normal renal tissue and result in end-stage renal failure. Splice variants encoding different isoforms have been noted for this gene. Also, six pseudogenes, closely linked in a known duplicated region on chromosome 16p, have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2008]
PHENOTYPE: Homozygous mutant embryos begin to die after embryonic day (E) 14.5. They develop edema by E13.5, pancreatic cysts by E15.5 and kidney cysts by E16.5. Heterozygous adults develop cysts of the kidneys (~20-30%) and the liver (~10%) late in life. [provided by MGI curators]
Allele List at MGI

All alleles(32) : Targeted(28) Gene trapped(3) Chemically induced(1)

Other mutations in this stock
Total: 67 list
GeneRefVarChr/LocMutationPredicted EffectZygosity
A4gnt T A 9: 99,620,544 N252K probably damaging Het
Abhd16a A G 17: 35,094,302 E132G probably damaging Het
Adgrv1 G A 13: 81,529,046 R1889W possibly damaging Het
Aftph A T 11: 20,727,203 D135E probably benign Het
Arf1 A C 11: 59,213,215 F63V probably damaging Het
Atg14 G A 14: 47,568,199 R70C probably damaging Het
B3gnt7 T A 1: 86,305,644 F87Y probably damaging Het
Bcat1 A G 6: 145,007,627 Y345H possibly damaging Het
Birc3 G T 9: 7,857,359 T371K probably benign Het
Ccdc175 A T 12: 72,184,971 S5T probably damaging Het
Ccdc186 A T 19: 56,813,257 S143T possibly damaging Het
Cct6b A T 11: 82,762,189 M28K possibly damaging Het
Cers4 C A 8: 4,515,680 A42D probably damaging Het
Crmp1 G T 5: 37,279,674 V236L probably benign Het
Ctdspl2 T A 2: 121,981,312 N212K probably benign Het
Dclk3 T C 9: 111,469,059 V557A possibly damaging Het
Dnmt1 A T 9: 20,952,719 H23Q probably benign Het
Dpp8 G T 9: 65,063,924 E609* probably null Het
Dtx3 C A 10: 127,193,050 M106I probably benign Het
Ero1lb A C 13: 12,574,851 D45A probably damaging Het
Fcho2 T A 13: 98,730,891 D688V probably damaging Het
Fhod3 A T 18: 25,028,081 S557C probably damaging Het
Flnc T C 6: 29,444,064 S626P possibly damaging Het
Foxi3 G T 6: 70,960,618 G278V probably damaging Het
Gbp10 A G 5: 105,224,300 L198P probably damaging Het
Gcn1l1 A G 5: 115,583,403 T458A probably benign Het
Gigyf1 C T 5: 137,523,160 probably benign Het
Gtpbp2 A C 17: 46,167,834 T526P probably damaging Het
Gys2 A G 6: 142,454,513 L324S probably damaging Het
Hpn C A 7: 31,103,356 V119L probably benign Het
Ino80d C A 1: 63,058,939 V599L probably benign Het
Kcnh3 G T 15: 99,242,394 G1054* probably null Het
Maml1 A T 11: 50,266,951 D132E probably benign Het
Mastl A T 2: 23,133,491 S407T probably benign Het
Mettl1 T C 10: 127,043,085 W3R probably damaging Het
Mprip A G 11: 59,760,573 Y1701C probably damaging Het
Mylk3 T C 8: 85,342,721 N484D probably damaging Het
Nod2 G A 8: 88,672,785 probably null Het
Nrde2 A T 12: 100,130,778 F921Y probably damaging Het
Nup88 G T 11: 70,944,908 T575N probably damaging Het
Nxpe3 T C 16: 55,866,343 T101A possibly damaging Het
Olfr1214 C T 2: 88,987,465 V246I possibly damaging Het
Olfr458 A G 6: 42,460,974 M15T probably benign Het
Olfr672 A G 7: 104,996,307 L199S possibly damaging Het
Olfr951 A T 9: 39,394,075 I92F probably damaging Het
Olfr98 T A 17: 37,263,641 T8S probably benign Het
Pcnx3 A T 19: 5,672,596 L1356Q probably damaging Het
Polg2 A G 11: 106,779,238 C69R possibly damaging Het
Prr5l T G 2: 101,717,107 S358R probably benign Het
Ptprg A G 14: 12,154,111 T611A probably benign Het
Ryk G T 9: 102,897,317 E417* probably null Het
Sbp T C 17: 23,942,422 probably benign Het
Sema4a T C 3: 88,451,497 T155A probably benign Het
Shank3 A G 15: 89,531,711 probably null Het
Slc35d2 A T 13: 64,097,682 M294K possibly damaging Het
Slc41a3 A T 6: 90,612,171 N88I possibly damaging Het
Slit3 A G 11: 35,622,148 T534A probably benign Het
Ssx2ip A G 3: 146,436,541 probably null Het
Stard13 T C 5: 151,059,598 K648R probably damaging Het
Tanc1 A T 2: 59,795,834 T512S probably damaging Het
Tbcc T C 17: 46,891,156 V156A probably benign Het
Terf1 T G 1: 15,831,563 I273R possibly damaging Het
Tesc A G 5: 118,059,458 Y179C probably damaging Het
Ttc3 T G 16: 94,384,041 V40G probably damaging Het
Tysnd1 T A 10: 61,696,249 F227I probably damaging Het
Vps53 T C 11: 76,081,208 E271G probably damaging Het
Wdfy4 C T 14: 33,090,866 R1650H probably damaging Het
Other mutations in Pkd1
AlleleSourceChrCoordTypePredicted EffectPPH Score
IGL00340:Pkd1 APN 17 24580095 missense probably damaging 1.00
IGL00503:Pkd1 APN 17 24565427 missense probably benign
IGL00549:Pkd1 APN 17 24572761 missense probably benign
IGL00573:Pkd1 APN 17 24594530 nonsense probably null
IGL00924:Pkd1 APN 17 24571627 nonsense probably null
IGL01319:Pkd1 APN 17 24587919 unclassified probably benign
IGL01326:Pkd1 APN 17 24576174 nonsense probably null
IGL01457:Pkd1 APN 17 24594821 splice site probably null
IGL01541:Pkd1 APN 17 24586298 missense probably damaging 1.00
IGL01575:Pkd1 APN 17 24573128 missense probably damaging 1.00
IGL01606:Pkd1 APN 17 24576523 missense probably damaging 0.97
IGL01642:Pkd1 APN 17 24581292 missense probably damaging 1.00
IGL01888:Pkd1 APN 17 24585815 missense possibly damaging 0.91
IGL01940:Pkd1 APN 17 24579746 missense possibly damaging 0.63
IGL01958:Pkd1 APN 17 24580324 missense probably damaging 1.00
IGL02005:Pkd1 APN 17 24586004 missense possibly damaging 0.67
IGL02121:Pkd1 APN 17 24575927 missense probably benign 0.03
IGL02148:Pkd1 APN 17 24579836 missense probably damaging 1.00
IGL02409:Pkd1 APN 17 24573623 missense probably benign 0.01
IGL02442:Pkd1 APN 17 24565226 missense probably benign 0.41
IGL02498:Pkd1 APN 17 24585779 missense possibly damaging 0.91
IGL02501:Pkd1 APN 17 24569699 missense probably benign 0.01
IGL02551:Pkd1 APN 17 24573815 missense probably damaging 1.00
IGL02635:Pkd1 APN 17 24572811 missense probably damaging 1.00
IGL02673:Pkd1 APN 17 24571283 missense probably benign 0.40
IGL02808:Pkd1 APN 17 24593504 missense probably damaging 1.00
IGL02816:Pkd1 APN 17 24594515 missense probably benign 0.00
IGL02863:Pkd1 APN 17 24569752 missense possibly damaging 0.56
IGL02927:Pkd1 APN 17 24575189 missense probably damaging 1.00
IGL02961:Pkd1 APN 17 24578115 missense possibly damaging 0.81
IGL03003:Pkd1 APN 17 24593603 critical splice donor site probably null
IGL03066:Pkd1 APN 17 24586234 missense probably damaging 1.00
IGL03182:Pkd1 APN 17 24573818 missense probably damaging 0.98
IGL03384:Pkd1 APN 17 24565897 missense probably benign 0.00
IGL03404:Pkd1 APN 17 24564406 missense probably damaging 0.97
PIT1430001:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24569511 missense probably damaging 0.99
PIT4494001:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24577801 missense probably damaging 1.00
PIT4677001:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24574029 missense possibly damaging 0.94
R0017:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24578539 critical splice donor site probably null
R0017:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24578539 critical splice donor site probably null
R0022:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24594819 missense probably damaging 0.98
R0022:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24594819 missense probably damaging 0.98
R0058:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24564703 missense probably benign 0.06
R0058:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24564703 missense probably benign 0.06
R0085:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24586223 missense probably damaging 0.98
R0094:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24581276 missense possibly damaging 0.80
R0094:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24581276 missense possibly damaging 0.80
R0135:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24565071 missense possibly damaging 0.85
R0304:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24585946 missense probably damaging 1.00
R0427:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24593502 missense probably damaging 0.98
R0502:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24574792 missense probably damaging 0.99
R0518:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24595219 missense probably benign 0.01
R0521:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24595219 missense probably benign 0.01
R0544:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24585683 missense probably damaging 1.00
R0546:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24580138 missense probably benign 0.44
R0626:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24575575 missense probably damaging 0.96
R0648:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24594937 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1138:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24586032 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1302:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24568236 missense probably benign 0.00
R1306:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24573172 missense probably damaging 0.97
R1349:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24575266 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1372:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24575266 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1437:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24595132 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1515:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24594853 missense probably benign 0.01
R1605:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24577526 missense possibly damaging 0.95
R1622:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24581640 missense probably benign
R1623:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24578269 missense probably damaging 0.99
R1726:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24564176 missense probably damaging 0.96
R1756:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24594485 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1780:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24581569 missense probably benign
R1785:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24591099 missense probably benign 0.00
R1829:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24565584 missense probably benign
R1869:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24594931 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1920:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24595157 missense probably damaging 0.99
R1922:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24595157 missense probably damaging 0.99
R1987:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24576592 splice site probably null
R1988:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24576592 splice site probably null
R1998:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24573014 missense probably damaging 1.00
R2007:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24579785 missense probably damaging 1.00
R2019:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24568684 nonsense probably null
R2054:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24574796 missense probably benign 0.00
R2061:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24569914 missense possibly damaging 0.89
R2196:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24580072 missense possibly damaging 0.60
R2203:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24580889 missense probably benign 0.01
R2301:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24574612 missense probably benign
R2655:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24576490 missense probably damaging 0.99
R2860:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24565446 missense probably benign 0.43
R2861:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24565446 missense probably benign 0.43
R3000:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24594486 missense probably damaging 1.00
R3150:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24579791 missense probably benign 0.00
R3747:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24591461 missense possibly damaging 0.67
R3812:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24565641 missense probably benign 0.00
R3859:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24578092 splice site probably benign
R3893:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24572110 critical splice donor site probably null
R3947:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24578037 splice site probably benign
R3949:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24578037 splice site probably benign
R4176:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24587997 missense probably benign 0.17
R4199:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24570030 missense probably benign 0.41
R4225:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24593523 missense possibly damaging 0.50
R4439:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24585692 missense probably damaging 1.00
R4476:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24576526 missense probably damaging 1.00
R4716:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24576133 missense probably damaging 1.00
R4801:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24578096 missense probably damaging 1.00
R4802:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24578096 missense probably damaging 1.00
R4817:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24565374 splice site probably null
R4903:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24572002 missense probably benign 0.30
R4910:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24572687 missense probably damaging 1.00
R4964:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24586068 critical splice donor site probably null
R4966:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24586068 critical splice donor site probably null
R5040:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24571260 missense probably benign 0.02
R5042:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24569887 missense probably benign 0.00
R5088:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24590838 missense possibly damaging 0.94
R5121:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24573463 missense probably benign
R5296:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24576074 missense probably damaging 1.00
R5356:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24593577 missense probably damaging 0.97
R5357:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24565790 missense probably damaging 1.00
R5363:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24565073 missense probably benign
R5383:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24574375 missense probably benign
R5622:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24574040 missense possibly damaging 0.67
R5651:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24591387 missense possibly damaging 0.88
R5664:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24569371 missense probably damaging 0.99
R5723:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24565523 missense probably benign 0.01
R5797:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24592641 missense possibly damaging 0.55
R5838:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24580212 missense possibly damaging 0.75
R5866:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24580961 missense probably damaging 0.99
R5873:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24569830 missense probably benign
R5906:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24572920 missense probably benign 0.16
R6047:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24595085 missense probably damaging 1.00
R6076:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24581030 missense probably benign 0.14
R6151:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24575606 missense probably benign 0.00
R6252:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24581226 missense probably damaging 0.98
R6341:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24580227 missense probably damaging 1.00
R6540:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24575977 missense probably damaging 1.00
R6732:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24569413 missense probably damaging 1.00
R6836:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24581259 missense probably damaging 1.00
R6856:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24573493 missense probably benign 0.05
R6865:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24576487 missense probably benign 0.43
R6999:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24578501 missense possibly damaging 0.62
R7077:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24591119 missense probably damaging 1.00
R7123:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24594768 missense possibly damaging 0.89
R7134:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24594112 missense probably damaging 0.99
R7210:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24575866 missense probably damaging 0.98
R7323:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24575051 missense probably benign 0.01
R7380:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24581642 missense probably damaging 1.00
R7407:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24594594 missense probably damaging 1.00
R7410:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24575881 missense probably damaging 1.00
R7492:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24569741 missense probably benign 0.04
R7517:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24580419 missense probably damaging 1.00
R7543:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24595253 missense probably damaging 0.99
R7560:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24573631 missense probably benign 0.33
R7615:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24593502 missense probably damaging 0.98
R7714:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24550276 missense unknown
R7718:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24586500 missense probably benign 0.15
R7731:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24573898 missense probably damaging 1.00
R7849:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24586200 missense probably damaging 0.98
R7859:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24571280 missense probably damaging 1.00
R7866:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24590907 missense probably benign 0.26
R7915:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24592656 nonsense probably null
R7991:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24572621 missense possibly damaging 0.95
R8050:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24565643 missense probably benign 0.26
R8086:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24581214 missense probably damaging 1.00
R8312:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24567128 missense probably benign 0.02
R8385:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24575728 missense possibly damaging 0.67
R8393:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24572647 missense probably damaging 0.99
X0024:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24591392 missense possibly damaging 0.68
X0061:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24594931 missense probably damaging 1.00
X0065:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24586164 missense probably benign 0.19
Z1088:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24565605 missense probably benign 0.44
Z1177:Pkd1 UTSW 17 24575491 missense probably benign
Predicted Primers PCR Primer
(F):5'- ACTAGCTTCGACCAAGTGGC -3'
(R):5'- TGTTGTAGAGAGTGTCAGCACC -3'

Sequencing Primer
(F):5'- TTCGACCAAGTGGCTCAGCTG -3'
(R):5'- TCAGCACCAGAGGAAATAAGCTATG -3'
Posted On2016-08-04