Incidental Mutation 'R6505:Alx4'
Institutional Source Beutler Lab
Gene Symbol Alx4
Ensembl Gene ENSMUSG00000040310
Gene Namearistaless-like homeobox 4
SynonymsAristaless-like 4
MMRRC Submission
Accession Numbers

Genbank: NM_007442; MGI: 108359

Is this an essential gene? Possibly non essential (E-score: 0.442) question?
Stock #R6505 (G1)
Quality Score225.009
Status Validated
Chromosomal Location93642384-93681339 bp(+) (GRCm38)
Type of Mutationmissense
DNA Base Change (assembly) A to T at 93668559 bp
Amino Acid Change Tyrosine to Phenylalanine at position 212 (Y212F)
Ref Sequence ENSEMBL: ENSMUSP00000047962 (fasta)
Gene Model predicted gene model for transcript(s): [ENSMUST00000042078] [ENSMUST00000111254] [ENSMUST00000184931]
Predicted Effect probably damaging
Transcript: ENSMUST00000042078
AA Change: Y212F

PolyPhen 2 Score 0.999 (Sensitivity: 0.14; Specificity: 0.99)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000047962
Gene: ENSMUSG00000040310
AA Change: Y212F

low complexity region 91 108 N/A INTRINSIC
HOX 202 264 1.11e-28 SMART
low complexity region 302 319 N/A INTRINSIC
Pfam:OAR 375 393 1.5e-12 PFAM
Predicted Effect probably benign
Transcript: ENSMUST00000111254
AA Change: Y212F

PolyPhen 2 Score 0.212 (Sensitivity: 0.92; Specificity: 0.88)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000106885
Gene: ENSMUSG00000040310
AA Change: Y212F

low complexity region 91 108 N/A INTRINSIC
HOX 202 264 1.11e-28 SMART
Predicted Effect probably benign
Transcript: ENSMUST00000184931
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000138956
Gene: ENSMUSG00000027198

transmembrane domain 24 46 N/A INTRINSIC
Pfam:Exostosin 100 380 1.4e-57 PFAM
Pfam:Glyco_transf_64 456 559 9.5e-31 PFAM
Coding Region Coverage
  • 1x: 99.9%
  • 3x: 99.7%
  • 10x: 98.6%
  • 20x: 96.2%
Validation Efficiency 100% (84/84)
MGI Phenotype FUNCTION: [Summary is not available for the mouse gene. This summary is for the human ortholog.] This gene encodes a paired-like homeodomain transcription factor expressed in the mesenchyme of developing bones, limbs, hair, teeth, and mammary tissue. Mutations in this gene cause parietal foramina 2 (PFM2); an autosomal dominant disease characterized by deficient ossification of the parietal bones. Mutations in this gene also cause a form of frontonasal dysplasia with alopecia and hypogonadism; suggesting a role for this gene in craniofacial development, mesenchymal-epithelial communication, and hair follicle development. Deletion of a segment of chromosome 11 containing this gene, del(11)(p11p12), causes Potocki-Shaffer syndrome (PSS); a syndrome characterized by craniofacial anomalies, mental retardation, multiple exostoses, and genital abnormalities in males. In mouse, this gene has been shown to use dual translation initiation sites located 16 codons apart. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2009]
PHENOTYPE: Depending on genetic background mutant mice may show preaxial polydactyly and other skeletal alterations, transitory alopecia, ventral body wall defects and male sterility. Homozygous mice of one allele die prenatally. [provided by MGI curators]
Allele List at MGI

All alleles(5) : Targeted, knock-out(1) Spontaneous(1) Chemically induced(3)

Other mutations in this stock
Total: 86 list
GeneRefVarChr/LocMutationPredicted EffectZygosity
1700010I14Rik A T 17: 9,001,940 I424L probably benign Het
2610028H24Rik C T 10: 76,449,281 A8V probably benign Het
Ago1 G A 4: 126,463,835 P16S probably benign Het
Ak5 C T 3: 152,481,669 E394K probably benign Het
Aldh7a1 T C 18: 56,526,996 Y498C probably damaging Het
Alox12 T A 11: 70,250,204 D335V probably damaging Het
Asb16 A G 11: 102,276,477 E223G probably damaging Het
Atg9b C T 5: 24,390,577 V235M probably damaging Het
BB014433 A G 8: 15,042,304 V183A probably benign Het
Brca1 T A 11: 101,523,541 M1256L probably benign Het
Bst1 A G 5: 43,820,590 I94V probably benign Het
C3ar1 A G 6: 122,850,640 L206P probably benign Het
Cabs1 T A 5: 87,980,663 M391K possibly damaging Het
Cars C T 7: 143,565,007 R599Q probably damaging Het
Ccdc190 T A 1: 169,933,023 Y73* probably null Het
Cd177 A C 7: 24,744,246 L809W probably benign Het
Cemip C A 7: 83,951,597 G939* probably null Het
Clca3b T A 3: 144,825,259 I777F probably benign Het
Cma2 T C 14: 55,973,779 I176T probably damaging Het
Col12a1 T A 9: 79,647,605 T2064S probably damaging Het
Csf1r A G 18: 61,129,733 N860S probably damaging Het
Dab1 T A 4: 104,512,264 C3S probably benign Het
Dennd4b A G 3: 90,267,611 E50G probably damaging Het
Dis3l A T 9: 64,307,513 S925T probably benign Het
Disp1 T C 1: 183,086,512 N1448S probably benign Het
Dpp10 T C 1: 123,336,851 I747M probably damaging Het
Enpp5 G A 17: 44,085,264 G356S probably damaging Het
Ephx4 A T 5: 107,403,656 K36* probably null Het
Fam135a C T 1: 24,014,872 V1195I probably damaging Het
Fap A T 2: 62,546,603 Y234* probably null Het
Fem1c A T 18: 46,505,875 N353K possibly damaging Het
Furin C A 7: 80,393,617 R282L probably damaging Het
Gm10549 C A 18: 33,464,305 probably benign Het
Gm5930 A G 14: 44,331,371 *265Q probably null Het
Hcrtr1 T A 4: 130,137,586 T15S probably benign Het
Ifnar1 C T 16: 91,499,537 Q309* probably null Het
Il18r1 A T 1: 40,489,707 I304L probably benign Het
Ino80 A T 2: 119,451,441 Y185N probably damaging Het
Itgb2 G A 10: 77,559,673 C536Y probably damaging Het
Ivns1abp T C 1: 151,360,993 M435T probably benign Het
Kcnh4 T C 11: 100,757,085 N151D probably benign Het
Lama3 T C 18: 12,495,348 M1499T probably benign Het
Lamb1 A T 12: 31,323,462 T1397S possibly damaging Het
Leng1 G A 7: 3,661,212 R239* probably null Het
Map2k4 A T 11: 65,693,529 N309K possibly damaging Het
Mcm3 A G 1: 20,803,544 F784S probably damaging Het
Mrgpra9 T A 7: 47,235,136 N260I probably benign Het
Mrnip C A 11: 50,199,852 T281N possibly damaging Het
Myo9b A G 8: 71,355,857 T1715A possibly damaging Het
Nectin3 A G 16: 46,448,821 I406T possibly damaging Het
Neto1 A G 18: 86,498,574 T339A possibly damaging Het
Ntn1 T C 11: 68,213,199 D541G probably damaging Het
Nuak2 C A 1: 132,316,394 H55Q probably damaging Het
Nufip2 A G 11: 77,691,613 T118A probably benign Het
Olfr1126 T A 2: 87,457,927 V254E probably damaging Het
Olfr1155 A T 2: 87,943,174 Y151* probably null Het
Olfr19 A T 16: 16,673,920 D20E probably benign Het
Olfr213 C T 6: 116,540,600 T49M probably benign Het
Olfr266 T G 3: 106,822,322 N79T possibly damaging Het
Olfr483 T C 7: 108,103,567 V86A probably benign Het
Olfr596 C A 7: 103,309,793 A24D probably benign Het
Olfr609 T A 7: 103,492,651 T76S probably damaging Het
Olfr847 T C 9: 19,374,941 *313W probably null Het
Pcdhb5 T A 18: 37,320,880 H104Q probably benign Het
Phf11a T C 14: 59,277,537 R232G probably damaging Het
Pik3r5 C T 11: 68,492,789 T478I probably benign Het
Prkacb T A 3: 146,732,646 E380V probably damaging Het
Prl7c1 G T 13: 27,773,793 D221E probably damaging Het
Prr11 T A 11: 87,106,124 K5* probably null Het
Prrc2b G A 2: 32,222,320 G1932D probably damaging Het
Rexo1 A T 10: 80,543,011 Y1064N possibly damaging Het
Rnf182 C T 13: 43,668,671 Q233* probably null Het
Rsf1 G A 7: 97,579,910 probably benign Het
Sash1 C G 10: 8,729,527 G1033A probably benign Het
Sncaip C A 18: 52,906,537 S189* probably null Het
Sorl1 T C 9: 42,071,234 Y350C probably damaging Het
Speg T C 1: 75,406,684 V1141A possibly damaging Het
Speg C A 1: 75,429,523 D3091E possibly damaging Het
Sucnr1 A T 3: 60,086,723 D224V probably benign Het
Tg G A 15: 66,759,558 A559T probably damaging Het
Tmem132d A G 5: 127,784,438 I873T probably benign Het
Tmem229a C T 6: 24,954,921 C278Y probably damaging Het
Togaram1 T C 12: 64,966,590 I205T possibly damaging Het
Usp19 T A 9: 108,496,883 L713Q probably damaging Het
Vsig10 A G 5: 117,351,759 D530G possibly damaging Het
Zfp106 A G 2: 120,534,502 S475P probably damaging Het
Other mutations in Alx4
AlleleSourceChrCoordTypePredicted EffectPPH Score
IGL01872:Alx4 APN 2 93677473 missense probably benign 0.10
goofy UTSW 2 93675369 missense probably damaging 1.00
PIT4519001:Alx4 UTSW 2 93675428 missense probably benign 0.00
R0367:Alx4 UTSW 2 93668608 missense probably damaging 1.00
R0436:Alx4 UTSW 2 93668357 nonsense probably null
R0864:Alx4 UTSW 2 93642855 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1913:Alx4 UTSW 2 93675387 missense probably damaging 1.00
R3712:Alx4 UTSW 2 93642789 missense possibly damaging 0.87
R4619:Alx4 UTSW 2 93642761 missense probably damaging 1.00
R5018:Alx4 UTSW 2 93677419 missense probably damaging 0.99
R5227:Alx4 UTSW 2 93677380 missense probably damaging 1.00
R7173:Alx4 UTSW 2 93642857 missense possibly damaging 0.82
R7792:Alx4 UTSW 2 93642711 missense probably damaging 1.00
R8209:Alx4 UTSW 2 93675351 missense possibly damaging 0.68
R8424:Alx4 UTSW 2 93677469 missense probably benign
Z1177:Alx4 UTSW 2 93642656 start gained probably benign
Predicted Primers PCR Primer

Sequencing Primer
Posted On2018-06-22