Incidental Mutation 'R6778:Pitx2'
Institutional Source Beutler Lab
Gene Symbol Pitx2
Ensembl Gene ENSMUSG00000028023
Gene Namepaired-like homeodomain transcription factor 2
SynonymsPitx2b, Pitx2a, Brx1, solurshin, Brx1a, Brx1b, Ptx2, Otlx2, Pitx2c, Rieg, Munc30
MMRRC Submission
Accession Numbers
Is this an essential gene? Essential (E-score: 1.000) question?
Stock #R6778 (G1)
Quality Score225.009
Status Not validated
Chromosomal Location129199878-129219591 bp(+) (GRCm38)
Type of Mutationmissense
DNA Base Change (assembly) C to T at 129218743 bp
Amino Acid Change Proline to Leucine at position 254 (P254L)
Ref Sequence ENSEMBL: ENSMUSP00000134692 (fasta)
Gene Model predicted gene model for transcript(s): [ENSMUST00000029657] [ENSMUST00000042587] [ENSMUST00000106382] [ENSMUST00000172645] [ENSMUST00000174623] [ENSMUST00000174661]
Predicted Effect probably benign
Transcript: ENSMUST00000029657
Predicted Effect probably damaging
Transcript: ENSMUST00000042587
AA Change: P274L

PolyPhen 2 Score 1.000 (Sensitivity: 0.00; Specificity: 1.00)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000047359
Gene: ENSMUSG00000028023
AA Change: P274L

HOX 92 154 6.5e-26 SMART
low complexity region 213 236 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 244 262 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 263 280 N/A INTRINSIC
Pfam:OAR 282 300 4.9e-11 PFAM
Predicted Effect possibly damaging
Transcript: ENSMUST00000106382
AA Change: P221L

PolyPhen 2 Score 0.770 (Sensitivity: 0.85; Specificity: 0.92)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000101990
Gene: ENSMUSG00000028023
AA Change: P221L

HOX 39 101 6.5e-26 SMART
low complexity region 160 183 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 191 209 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 210 227 N/A INTRINSIC
Pfam:OAR 228 248 2.9e-12 PFAM
Predicted Effect probably damaging
Transcript: ENSMUST00000172645
AA Change: P254L

PolyPhen 2 Score 1.000 (Sensitivity: 0.00; Specificity: 1.00)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000134692
Gene: ENSMUSG00000028023
AA Change: P254L

HOX 72 134 6.5e-26 SMART
low complexity region 193 216 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 224 242 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 243 260 N/A INTRINSIC
Pfam:OAR 262 280 9.5e-12 PFAM
Predicted Effect probably benign
Transcript: ENSMUST00000174623
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000139328
Gene: ENSMUSG00000028023

HOX 92 151 1.37e-10 SMART
Predicted Effect probably damaging
Transcript: ENSMUST00000174661
AA Change: P267L

PolyPhen 2 Score 0.960 (Sensitivity: 0.78; Specificity: 0.95)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000133756
Gene: ENSMUSG00000028023
AA Change: P267L

HOX 85 147 6.5e-26 SMART
low complexity region 206 229 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 237 255 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 256 273 N/A INTRINSIC
Pfam:OAR 274 294 1.8e-12 PFAM
Coding Region Coverage
  • 1x: 99.9%
  • 3x: 99.7%
  • 10x: 98.6%
  • 20x: 96.4%
Validation Efficiency
MGI Phenotype FUNCTION: [Summary is not available for the mouse gene. This summary is for the human ortholog.] This gene encodes a member of the RIEG/PITX homeobox family, which is in the bicoid class of homeodomain proteins. The encoded protein acts as a transcription factor and regulates procollagen lysyl hydroxylase gene expression. This protein plays a role in the terminal differentiation of somatotroph and lactotroph cell phenotypes, is involved in the development of the eye, tooth and abdominal organs, and acts as a transcriptional regulator involved in basal and hormone-regulated activity of prolactin. Mutations in this gene are associated with Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome, iridogoniodysgenesis syndrome, and sporadic cases of Peters anomaly. A similar protein in other vertebrates is involved in the determination of left-right asymmetry during development. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
PHENOTYPE: Homozygotes for targeted mutations show failed ventral body wall closure, right pulmonary isomerism, septal and valve defects, absent ocular muscles, arrested pituitary and tooth development, optic nerve, mandible and maxilla defects, and embryonic death. [provided by MGI curators]
Allele List at MGI
Other mutations in this stock
Total: 40 list
GeneRefVarChr/LocMutationPredicted EffectZygosity
Adamts14 T A 10: 61,225,452 N403Y probably damaging Het
Akap6 A G 12: 53,025,816 E989G probably damaging Het
Aoc2 A G 11: 101,325,361 N90S probably damaging Het
Apol9a T C 15: 77,404,333 Y278C probably benign Het
Casq2 T A 3: 102,127,931 probably null Het
Ccdc7a T A 8: 128,821,120 T1284S possibly damaging Het
Dlat A G 9: 50,650,857 L289P probably damaging Het
Dnah8 C T 17: 30,635,666 P101S probably benign Het
Dzip3 C A 16: 48,982,083 A28S probably benign Het
Fam205c T C 4: 42,868,522 K367R possibly damaging Het
Ffar4 A G 19: 38,113,664 E249G possibly damaging Het
Fubp3 A T 2: 31,598,673 K180N possibly damaging Het
Gm7489 T A 15: 53,885,952 probably benign Het
Ifitm6 A T 7: 141,016,143 M59K possibly damaging Het
Igkv4-80 A T 6: 69,016,561 Y115* probably null Het
Igsf21 G T 4: 140,034,648 R240S probably benign Het
Kank4 A T 4: 98,761,505 N942K probably benign Het
Man2a1 C A 17: 64,714,635 T35K possibly damaging Het
Mvk T A 5: 114,452,380 D193E probably benign Het
Npas2 T A 1: 39,325,300 M241K possibly damaging Het
Npsr1 T A 9: 24,254,618 I100N possibly damaging Het
Olfml2b A G 1: 170,645,070 D50G probably damaging Het
Olfr961 T A 9: 39,646,747 V7E probably damaging Het
Pcnx A G 12: 81,918,871 D604G probably damaging Het
Rdh10 T C 1: 16,106,184 F56S probably damaging Het
Rin1 T C 19: 5,054,886 L647P probably damaging Het
Sgk3 T A 1: 9,886,144 probably null Het
Sgpp1 A G 12: 75,716,294 I371T probably benign Het
Slc12a9 T C 5: 137,315,081 Y872C possibly damaging Het
Syne1 A G 10: 5,102,406 F7487L probably damaging Het
Tars T C 15: 11,389,699 N375S probably benign Het
Tbc1d31 A G 15: 57,938,029 Y320C probably damaging Het
Tbl1xr1 T A 3: 22,189,782 F73L probably benign Het
Tmem145 G A 7: 25,311,376 V378I probably benign Het
Tmprss11d T C 5: 86,309,350 H150R probably benign Het
Tnc T G 4: 63,995,598 I1326L probably benign Het
Trpc7 T C 13: 56,804,687 Y502C probably damaging Het
Usp32 T C 11: 85,025,686 I811V probably benign Het
Vmn1r71 C T 7: 10,748,216 A182T probably benign Het
Wdr47 T A 3: 108,633,096 N602K probably benign Het
Other mutations in Pitx2
AlleleSourceChrCoordTypePredicted EffectPPH Score
IGL01409:Pitx2 APN 3 129214764 missense probably damaging 0.99
IGL02110:Pitx2 APN 3 129218817 missense probably damaging 0.99
R0014:Pitx2 UTSW 3 129218499 missense possibly damaging 0.70
R1083:Pitx2 UTSW 3 129218769 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1474:Pitx2 UTSW 3 129218839 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1789:Pitx2 UTSW 3 129218754 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1945:Pitx2 UTSW 3 129218536 missense probably damaging 1.00
R5305:Pitx2 UTSW 3 129215840 missense probably damaging 1.00
R5950:Pitx2 UTSW 3 129218520 missense probably damaging 1.00
R6114:Pitx2 UTSW 3 129204413 splice site probably null
R6189:Pitx2 UTSW 3 129218469 missense probably damaging 1.00
R6192:Pitx2 UTSW 3 129215872 missense probably benign 0.09
R6226:Pitx2 UTSW 3 129215842 missense probably damaging 1.00
R6526:Pitx2 UTSW 3 129214783 critical splice donor site probably null
R6885:Pitx2 UTSW 3 129218608 missense probably damaging 1.00
R7575:Pitx2 UTSW 3 129215726 missense probably damaging 1.00
R8390:Pitx2 UTSW 3 129218858 missense probably damaging 0.96
R8766:Pitx2 UTSW 3 129218574 missense probably damaging 1.00
R9021:Pitx2 UTSW 3 129214783 critical splice donor site probably null
Predicted Primers PCR Primer

Sequencing Primer
Posted On2018-08-29