Incidental Mutation 'R7074:Gnas'
Institutional Source Beutler Lab
Gene Symbol Gnas
Ensembl Gene ENSMUSG00000027523
Gene NameGNAS (guanine nucleotide binding protein, alpha stimulating) complex locus
SynonymsGnasxl, C130027O20Rik, 5530400H20Rik, Nespl, Nesp, A930027G11Rik, Gs alpha, G alpha s, Gsa, Nesp55, Galphas, Gnas1, P1, Gs-alpha, XLalphas, P3, neuroendocrine-specific Golgi protein p55 isoform 1, Oedsml, P2
MMRRC Submission
Accession Numbers
Is this an essential gene? Essential (E-score: 1.000) question?
Stock #R7074 (G1)
Quality Score225.009
Status Not validated
Chromosomal Location174284320-174346744 bp(+) (GRCm38)
Type of Mutationmissense
DNA Base Change (assembly) G to A at 174285049 bp
Amino Acid Change Glutamic Acid to Lysine at position 126 (E126K)
Ref Sequence ENSEMBL: ENSMUSP00000104723 (fasta)
Gene Model predicted gene model for transcript(s): [ENSMUST00000109095] [ENSMUST00000109096] [ENSMUST00000130761] [ENSMUST00000130940] [ENSMUST00000180362]
Predicted Effect probably damaging
Transcript: ENSMUST00000109095
AA Change: E126K

PolyPhen 2 Score 0.997 (Sensitivity: 0.41; Specificity: 0.98)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000104723
Gene: ENSMUSG00000027523
AA Change: E126K

Pfam:NESP55 1 253 1.2e-157 PFAM
Predicted Effect probably damaging
Transcript: ENSMUST00000109096
AA Change: E126K

PolyPhen 2 Score 0.997 (Sensitivity: 0.41; Specificity: 0.98)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000104724
Gene: ENSMUSG00000027523
AA Change: E126K

Pfam:NESP55 1 253 1.2e-157 PFAM
Predicted Effect probably benign
Transcript: ENSMUST00000130761
Predicted Effect probably benign
Transcript: ENSMUST00000130940
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000118210
Gene: ENSMUSG00000027523

Pfam:NESP55 1 59 1.6e-30 PFAM
Predicted Effect probably damaging
Transcript: ENSMUST00000180362
AA Change: E126K

PolyPhen 2 Score 0.997 (Sensitivity: 0.41; Specificity: 0.98)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000136180
Gene: ENSMUSG00000027523
AA Change: E126K

Pfam:NESP55 1 253 1.2e-157 PFAM
Coding Region Coverage
  • 1x: 100.0%
  • 3x: 99.9%
  • 10x: 99.7%
  • 20x: 99.0%
Validation Efficiency
MGI Phenotype FUNCTION: This locus has a highly complex imprinted expression pattern. It gives rise to maternally, paternally, and biallelically expressed transcripts that are derived from four alternative promoters and 5' exons. Some transcripts contain a differentially methylated region (DMR) at their 5' exons, which is commonly found in imprinted genes and correlates with transcript expression. This gene has an antisense transcript. One of the transcripts produced from this locus, and the antisense transcript, are both paternally expressed noncoding RNAs, and may regulate imprinting in this region. In addition, one of the transcripts contains a second overlapping ORF, which encodes a structurally unrelated protein - Alex. Alternative splicing of downstream exons is also observed, which results in different forms of the stimulatory G-protein alpha subunit, a key element of the classical signal transduction pathway linking receptor-ligand interactions with the activation of adenylyl cyclase and a variety of cellular reponses. Additional transcript variants have been found for this gene, but the full-length nature and/or biological validity of some variants have not been determined. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2015]
PHENOTYPE: Mutant homozygotes stop developing normally by embryonic day 10.5 and die prenatally. On some backgrounds heterozygotes show imprinted phenotypes, including differences in body shape/weight, locomotor activity, metabolism, and developmental anomalies. [provided by MGI curators]
Allele List at MGI
Other mutations in this stock
Total: 54 list
GeneRefVarChr/LocMutationPredicted EffectZygosity
Aadacl4 A T 4: 144,613,863 I53L probably benign Het
Acss2 T C 2: 155,522,041 L80P possibly damaging Het
Adam3 A T 8: 24,694,347 F546I probably benign Het
Adtrp A T 13: 41,828,141 probably null Het
Anapc1 G T 2: 128,678,274 P208T probably damaging Het
Ankrd33 A G 15: 101,119,549 K281R probably benign Het
Bcl11b A G 12: 107,989,507 S128P probably benign Het
Ccdc57 T C 11: 120,903,374 K265E possibly damaging Het
Cep72 A G 13: 74,051,580 C244R probably benign Het
Cope A G 8: 70,312,887 Q303R probably benign Het
Cpd T A 11: 76,813,594 N398I probably damaging Het
Cplx1 C T 5: 108,548,527 probably null Het
Dixdc1 T A 9: 50,689,914 E344D possibly damaging Het
Dock7 A T 4: 98,945,208 F1951I unknown Het
Ell2 C A 13: 75,761,887 L119M probably damaging Het
Faap24 A T 7: 35,395,102 I91K possibly damaging Het
Fubp3 T C 2: 31,595,294 S107P probably damaging Het
Gas2l2 T A 11: 83,423,067 Q473L probably benign Het
Ghr A T 15: 3,333,391 Y200N probably damaging Het
Gm4950 G A 18: 51,865,449 Q145* probably null Het
Gm826 C T 2: 160,311,890 V78I unknown Het
Grip2 A T 6: 91,784,708 V235E probably benign Het
Hmgcl A G 4: 135,953,867 H88R probably benign Het
Htr7 A G 19: 36,056,883 V124A probably damaging Het
Igf2r T A 17: 12,714,116 I840F possibly damaging Het
Ints8 T C 4: 11,204,574 I961V possibly damaging Het
Jmy A T 13: 93,453,931 S555T probably benign Het
Klk1b27 G A 7: 44,056,553 G227S probably damaging Het
Lao1 A C 4: 118,968,185 T401P probably damaging Het
Lrwd1 C T 5: 136,123,657 V547I probably benign Het
Mttp C A 3: 138,107,273 R532L possibly damaging Het
Muc16 T C 9: 18,655,650 T1858A unknown Het
Myo18a T A 11: 77,842,561 D1409E probably benign Het
Ncor2 T A 5: 125,049,366 R554* probably null Het
Olfr127 T A 17: 37,903,827 Y94N possibly damaging Het
Olfr168 T A 16: 19,530,105 I272F possibly damaging Het
Olfr222 T C 11: 59,571,009 T244A probably damaging Het
Olfr22-ps1 A T 11: 73,955,149 H153L probably benign Het
Olfr690 A G 7: 105,329,268 M308T probably benign Het
Prkar2b A G 12: 31,972,148 Y213H probably damaging Het
Prkd3 T A 17: 78,974,807 K306* probably null Het
Psd2 A G 18: 36,010,684 E681G probably benign Het
Sel1l2 T A 2: 140,263,442 N276I probably damaging Het
Smox C T 2: 131,522,111 A45V possibly damaging Het
Smyd1 A G 6: 71,237,375 V214A probably damaging Het
Spag5 T C 11: 78,305,042 probably null Het
Trem3 C T 17: 48,249,881 R127W probably damaging Het
Ttn G A 2: 76,918,081 T4208I probably benign Het
Tubgcp6 A G 15: 89,120,636 F260S probably damaging Het
Vmn1r51 A T 6: 90,129,672 D190V probably benign Het
Zc3h14 A G 12: 98,758,600 I174V possibly damaging Het
Zfp423 G A 8: 87,782,432 T428I probably benign Het
Zfp608 T A 18: 54,897,382 N1162I possibly damaging Het
Zmym5 T C 14: 56,804,798 M8V probably benign Het
Other mutations in Gnas
AlleleSourceChrCoordTypePredicted EffectPPH Score
IGL00565:Gnas APN 2 174341711 splice site probably benign
IGL00928:Gnas APN 2 174297953 nonsense probably null
IGL01014:Gnas APN 2 174297974 utr 5 prime probably benign
IGL01743:Gnas APN 2 174298332 nonsense probably null
IGL01808:Gnas APN 2 174298697 missense probably damaging 0.96
IGL02559:Gnas APN 2 174341936 splice site probably benign
R0555:Gnas UTSW 2 174298511 missense possibly damaging 0.78
R0627:Gnas UTSW 2 174298135 intron probably benign
R1418:Gnas UTSW 2 174345214 splice site probably benign
R1706:Gnas UTSW 2 174299975 missense possibly damaging 0.90
R1751:Gnas UTSW 2 174297894 utr 5 prime probably benign
R1968:Gnas UTSW 2 174298733 missense probably damaging 0.96
R2290:Gnas UTSW 2 174300010 missense probably benign 0.09
R4125:Gnas UTSW 2 174300165 missense possibly damaging 0.94
R4128:Gnas UTSW 2 174300165 missense possibly damaging 0.94
R4697:Gnas UTSW 2 174298080 missense probably damaging 1.00
R4888:Gnas UTSW 2 174298089 missense possibly damaging 0.94
R5458:Gnas UTSW 2 174298331 missense probably benign 0.41
R5640:Gnas UTSW 2 174284971 missense probably benign 0.44
R5696:Gnas UTSW 2 174299675 intron probably benign
R5757:Gnas UTSW 2 174345247 missense probably damaging 1.00
R6053:Gnas UTSW 2 174299852 missense possibly damaging 0.89
R6083:Gnas UTSW 2 174297862 start codon destroyed probably null
R6736:Gnas UTSW 2 174334251 missense probably damaging 0.98
R7239:Gnas UTSW 2 174298615 missense unknown
R7541:Gnas UTSW 2 174298099 missense unknown
R7679:Gnas UTSW 2 174284831 missense probably damaging 0.99
R7694:Gnas UTSW 2 174300212 missense probably damaging 1.00
R7713:Gnas UTSW 2 174299027 missense unknown
R7834:Gnas UTSW 2 174298990 nonsense probably null
R7917:Gnas UTSW 2 174298990 nonsense probably null
R8138:Gnas UTSW 2 174298386 missense probably benign 0.06
X0022:Gnas UTSW 2 174299744 missense probably benign 0.33
Z1088:Gnas UTSW 2 174298373 missense probably benign 0.27
Z1176:Gnas UTSW 2 174298606 missense unknown
Z1177:Gnas UTSW 2 174284887 missense unknown
Predicted Primers PCR Primer

Sequencing Primer
Posted On2019-05-15