Incidental Mutation 'PIT4434001:Grn'
Institutional Source Beutler Lab
Gene Symbol Grn
Ensembl Gene ENSMUSG00000034708
Gene Namegranulin
Synonymsprogranulin, epithelin, acrogranulin, PC cell-derived growth factor, Pgrn
Accession Numbers
Is this an essential gene? Possibly non essential (E-score: 0.363) question?
Stock #PIT4434001 (G1)
Quality Score208.009
Status Not validated
Chromosomal Location102430315-102437048 bp(+) (GRCm38)
Type of Mutationmissense
DNA Base Change (assembly) C to T at 102435940 bp
Amino Acid Change Histidine to Tyrosine at position 482 (H482Y)
Ref Sequence ENSEMBL: ENSMUSP00000046340 (fasta)
Gene Model predicted gene model for transcript(s): [ENSMUST00000049057] [ENSMUST00000049460] [ENSMUST00000125819] [ENSMUST00000129997]
Predicted Effect probably benign
Transcript: ENSMUST00000049057
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000038486
Gene: ENSMUSG00000034685

signal peptide 1 26 N/A INTRINSIC
Pfam:UPF0560 41 820 N/A PFAM
Predicted Effect possibly damaging
Transcript: ENSMUST00000049460
AA Change: H482Y

PolyPhen 2 Score 0.880 (Sensitivity: 0.82; Specificity: 0.94)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000046340
Gene: ENSMUSG00000034708
AA Change: H482Y

signal peptide 1 30 N/A INTRINSIC
GRAN 74 125 1.32e-22 SMART
GRAN 138 190 7.38e-26 SMART
GRAN 220 272 5.76e-28 SMART
GRAN 295 346 1.19e-29 SMART
GRAN 377 427 1.84e-26 SMART
GRAN 455 506 7.1e-28 SMART
GRAN 530 581 1.48e-25 SMART
Predicted Effect probably damaging
Transcript: ENSMUST00000125819
AA Change: H127Y

PolyPhen 2 Score 0.996 (Sensitivity: 0.55; Specificity: 0.98)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000134948
Gene: ENSMUSG00000034708
AA Change: H127Y

GRAN 42 72 5.03e-4 SMART
GRAN 100 151 7.1e-28 SMART
GRAN 175 226 1.48e-25 SMART
Predicted Effect probably benign
Transcript: ENSMUST00000129997
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000135739
Gene: ENSMUSG00000034708

signal peptide 1 17 N/A INTRINSIC
GRAN 61 112 1.32e-22 SMART
GRAN 125 177 7.38e-26 SMART
Predicted Effect
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000134893
Gene: ENSMUSG00000034708
AA Change: H103Y

GRAN 1 49 8.68e-23 SMART
GRAN 77 128 7.1e-28 SMART
GRAN 152 180 3.98e-2 SMART
low complexity region 244 259 N/A INTRINSIC
low complexity region 309 324 N/A INTRINSIC
Coding Region Coverage
  • 1x: 93.3%
  • 3x: 90.6%
  • 10x: 84.3%
  • 20x: 70.6%
Validation Efficiency
MGI Phenotype FUNCTION: [Summary is not available for the mouse gene. This summary is for the human ortholog.] Granulins are a family of secreted, glycosylated peptides that are cleaved from a single precursor protein with 7.5 repeats of a highly conserved 12-cysteine granulin/epithelin motif. The 88 kDa precursor protein, progranulin, is also called proepithelin and PC cell-derived growth factor. Cleavage of the signal peptide produces mature granulin which can be further cleaved into a variety of active, 6 kDa peptides. These smaller cleavage products are named granulin A, granulin B, granulin C, etc. Epithelins 1 and 2 are synonymous with granulins A and B, respectively. Both the peptides and intact granulin protein regulate cell growth. However, different members of the granulin protein family may act as inhibitors, stimulators, or have dual actions on cell growth. Granulin family members are important in normal development, wound healing, and tumorigenesis. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
PHENOTYPE: Mice homozygous for some knock-out alleles display enhanced macrophage functions. Mice homozygous for another knock-out allele display reproductive and behavioral abnormalities. Mice homozygous for a third null allele display premature death and increased cellular aging. [provided by MGI curators]
Allele List at MGI
Other mutations in this stock
Total: 47 list
GeneRefVarChr/LocMutationPredicted EffectZygosity
6030468B19Rik T A 11: 117,806,043 D196E probably benign Het
Abcb5 G A 12: 118,890,687 S831F probably damaging Het
Alg2 C A 4: 47,474,076 A71S probably benign Het
Ankrd50 T C 3: 38,455,263 Q62R possibly damaging Het
Ano1 A G 7: 144,610,895 V664A probably benign Het
Bbox1 A C 2: 110,275,634 D188E probably benign Het
Bmi1 C T 2: 18,684,231 T242M probably benign Het
C4bp A G 1: 130,657,210 F30L probably benign Het
Carmil3 A G 14: 55,494,688 N214S probably null Het
Cep162 C A 9: 87,193,648 K1310N probably damaging Het
Cfap74 G A 4: 155,463,964 V21M unknown Het
Copa A G 1: 172,106,175 D401G probably benign Het
Cyp4f14 A G 17: 32,906,130 V439A possibly damaging Het
Ddhd1 A C 14: 45,610,605 N569K possibly damaging Het
Dennd5a A G 7: 109,933,624 L313P probably damaging Het
Eri2 A G 7: 119,786,301 F326L probably benign Het
Fam135a A T 1: 24,029,195 H864Q probably benign Het
Fat3 C T 9: 15,996,316 V2797I probably benign Het
Fbn2 T C 18: 58,096,062 D692G probably damaging Het
Fbxw20 A G 9: 109,223,432 S278P probably damaging Het
Gna12 A T 5: 140,761,018 V224E probably damaging Het
Igkv7-33 A G 6: 70,058,813 Y62H possibly damaging Het
Kdm4c A G 4: 74,271,332 T95A probably benign Het
Lrp3 T C 7: 35,203,995 T309A probably damaging Het
Map3k2 C A 18: 32,210,035 D279E possibly damaging Het
Map3k5 T A 10: 20,026,257 V358E probably damaging Het
Mcpt9 A G 14: 56,029,229 S14P probably benign Het
Olfr1358 T C 10: 78,519,715 F36L possibly damaging Het
Olfr570 T C 7: 102,900,630 F88L probably benign Het
Olfr622 A C 7: 103,639,847 C98G probably damaging Het
Otud7b G A 3: 96,140,465 R45H probably damaging Het
Pcdhb17 A G 18: 37,485,651 N165D probably damaging Het
Pogz A G 3: 94,872,370 T538A probably damaging Het
Prlr A G 15: 10,328,372 E311G probably damaging Het
Ptprs T C 17: 56,454,984 I43V probably null Het
Raet1d A T 10: 22,371,534 K170* probably null Het
Rufy2 A T 10: 62,991,066 Q128L possibly damaging Het
Svopl T C 6: 38,014,866 N360D possibly damaging Het
Syt4 A C 18: 31,440,331 L377W probably damaging Het
Taar7a A G 10: 23,993,421 F21L probably benign Het
Tax1bp3 T A 11: 73,180,804 M78K probably damaging Het
Top2b T C 14: 16,423,780 probably null Het
Trim52 A T 14: 106,107,298 D130V probably benign Het
Ttc1 T C 11: 43,745,128 Y96C probably damaging Het
Vmn2r49 T C 7: 9,976,835 T657A probably damaging Het
Vps13d A T 4: 145,155,247 F1259I Het
Zbtb18 A T 1: 177,448,423 T441S possibly damaging Het
Other mutations in Grn
AlleleSourceChrCoordTypePredicted EffectPPH Score
IGL02422:Grn APN 11 102436258 splice site probably benign
IGL02456:Grn APN 11 102436104 missense probably benign 0.01
R0395:Grn UTSW 11 102436223 missense probably benign 0.03
R0784:Grn UTSW 11 102434502 missense possibly damaging 0.74
R1037:Grn UTSW 11 102433070 missense possibly damaging 0.94
R1753:Grn UTSW 11 102433267 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1905:Grn UTSW 11 102436450 missense probably damaging 1.00
R3110:Grn UTSW 11 102433243 missense probably benign 0.07
R3111:Grn UTSW 11 102433243 missense probably benign 0.07
R3112:Grn UTSW 11 102433243 missense probably benign 0.07
R3974:Grn UTSW 11 102436339 missense probably damaging 1.00
R4908:Grn UTSW 11 102436518 unclassified probably benign
R4989:Grn UTSW 11 102430554 unclassified probably benign
R5012:Grn UTSW 11 102430554 unclassified probably benign
R5013:Grn UTSW 11 102430554 unclassified probably benign
R5108:Grn UTSW 11 102434402 missense probably benign 0.10
R5133:Grn UTSW 11 102430554 unclassified probably benign
R5134:Grn UTSW 11 102430554 unclassified probably benign
R5162:Grn UTSW 11 102430554 unclassified probably benign
R5182:Grn UTSW 11 102430554 unclassified probably benign
R5183:Grn UTSW 11 102430554 unclassified probably benign
R5308:Grn UTSW 11 102436192 missense possibly damaging 0.96
R5350:Grn UTSW 11 102436244 missense possibly damaging 0.50
R5786:Grn UTSW 11 102434043 nonsense probably null
R6383:Grn UTSW 11 102436795 unclassified probably benign
R7679:Grn UTSW 11 102433069 missense probably benign 0.01
Predicted Primers PCR Primer

Sequencing Primer
Posted On2019-06-07