Incidental Mutation 'R7946:Max'
ID612818
Institutional Source Beutler Lab
Gene Symbol Max
Ensembl Gene ENSMUSG00000059436
Gene NameMax protein
SynonymsbHLHd6, bHLHd4, bHLHd8, bHLHd7, bHLHd5
Accession Numbers
Is this an essential gene? Essential (E-score: 1.000) question?
Stock #R7946 (G1)
Quality Score200.009
Status Not validated
Chromosome12
Chromosomal Location76937269-76962201 bp(-) (GRCm38)
Type of Mutationmissense
DNA Base Change (assembly) A to G at 76940074 bp
ZygosityHeterozygous
Amino Acid Change Isoleucine to Threonine at position 63 (I63T)
Ref Sequence ENSEMBL: ENSMUSP00000106025 (fasta)
Gene Model predicted gene model for transcript(s): [ENSMUST00000082136] [ENSMUST00000110395] [ENSMUST00000218640] [ENSMUST00000218653]
Predicted Effect probably damaging
Transcript: ENSMUST00000082136
AA Change: I54T

PolyPhen 2 Score 1.000 (Sensitivity: 0.00; Specificity: 1.00)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000080778
Gene: ENSMUSG00000059436
AA Change: I54T

DomainStartEndE-ValueType
HLH 20 71 1.56e-16 SMART
low complexity region 126 140 N/A INTRINSIC
Predicted Effect probably damaging
Transcript: ENSMUST00000110395
AA Change: I63T

PolyPhen 2 Score 1.000 (Sensitivity: 0.00; Specificity: 1.00)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000106025
Gene: ENSMUSG00000059436
AA Change: I63T

DomainStartEndE-ValueType
HLH 29 80 1.56e-16 SMART
low complexity region 135 149 N/A INTRINSIC
Predicted Effect probably damaging
Transcript: ENSMUST00000218640
AA Change: I27T

PolyPhen 2 Score 1.000 (Sensitivity: 0.00; Specificity: 1.00)
Predicted Effect probably benign
Transcript: ENSMUST00000218653
Coding Region Coverage
  • 1x: 100.0%
  • 3x: 99.9%
  • 10x: 99.2%
  • 20x: 97.3%
Validation Efficiency
MGI Phenotype FUNCTION: [Summary is not available for the mouse gene. This summary is for the human ortholog.] The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the basic helix-loop-helix leucine zipper (bHLHZ) family of transcription factors. It is able to form homodimers and heterodimers with other family members, which include Mad, Mxi1 and Myc. Myc is an oncoprotein implicated in cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. The homodimers and heterodimers compete for a common DNA target site (the E box) and rearrangement among these dimer forms provides a complex system of transcriptional regulation. Mutations of this gene have been reported to be associated with hereditary pheochromocytoma. A pseudogene of this gene is located on the long arm of chromosome 7. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2012]
PHENOTYPE: Mice homozygous for a targeted mutation die between E5.5 and 6.5 displaying a generalized developmental arrest of both embryonic and extraembryonic tissues. These defects are not associated with inappropriate apoptosis, but rather with a failure of cellsto divide. [provided by MGI curators]
Allele List at MGI
Other mutations in this stock
Total: 84 list
GeneRefVarChr/LocMutationPredicted EffectZygosity
9930111J21Rik1 A G 11: 48,947,274 S829P probably benign Het
A230050P20Rik G A 9: 20,871,376 A79T possibly damaging Het
Abca1 A T 4: 53,107,179 F183I probably benign Het
Abca12 A T 1: 71,293,497 M1235K probably damaging Het
Abca7 A G 10: 80,008,821 D1488G probably damaging Het
Adgrl3 A G 5: 81,512,749 Y387C probably damaging Het
Adnp T C 2: 168,189,350 K14E possibly damaging Het
Ago3 T C 4: 126,350,197 R721G possibly damaging Het
Aldh3b3 T A 19: 3,965,322 Y196* probably null Het
Alox12b T C 11: 69,166,927 W506R probably damaging Het
Arid4b A G 13: 14,164,149 I402V probably benign Het
Cep55 C T 19: 38,057,799 probably benign Het
Chl1 A G 6: 103,706,514 N767S possibly damaging Het
Cldn6 A G 17: 23,681,122 N20S probably benign Het
Col23a1 A T 11: 51,572,770 I420F probably damaging Het
Cxcr6 G A 9: 123,810,849 R312Q probably damaging Het
Cyp4a10 T C 4: 115,518,425 V35A probably benign Het
Def6 A G 17: 28,227,867 N548D possibly damaging Het
Dock6 A G 9: 21,846,658 V50A possibly damaging Het
Epha8 T A 4: 136,933,655 I639F probably damaging Het
Ephx2 T A 14: 66,107,243 R211* probably null Het
Espn C T 4: 152,152,159 V17M probably damaging Het
Ezr A G 17: 6,741,464 L403P probably damaging Het
Fan1 T A 7: 64,372,486 N340Y probably damaging Het
Gm15448 C T 7: 3,824,802 probably null Het
Golm1 T C 13: 59,649,569 Y154C probably damaging Het
Gpam A G 19: 55,070,956 Y820H probably damaging Het
Gpr12 T C 5: 146,583,560 D184G possibly damaging Het
Gpr87 C T 3: 59,179,896 A63T probably damaging Het
Grcc10 A T 6: 124,739,247 probably null Het
Hmx2 G T 7: 131,554,353 G16V probably benign Het
Hspg2 T C 4: 137,564,824 V4009A probably benign Het
Iglc3 T C 16: 19,065,498 D61G not run Het
Ikzf2 G T 1: 69,570,637 Q144K possibly damaging Het
Il1rap C T 16: 26,676,711 R23C probably damaging Het
Kctd9 T A 14: 67,729,717 D161E possibly damaging Het
Klhl8 T C 5: 103,872,102 N351S probably benign Het
Kmt2a A T 9: 44,809,209 probably null Het
Krt28 G A 11: 99,365,173 T420I possibly damaging Het
March7 T A 2: 60,241,022 H623Q probably benign Het
Mfsd7a A T 5: 108,445,534 L146Q probably damaging Het
Mrpl28 T A 17: 26,124,641 V125E possibly damaging Het
Mtmr10 T A 7: 64,319,457 D322E probably benign Het
Nlrp4f A T 13: 65,194,245 Y529N possibly damaging Het
Nlrx1 A G 9: 44,265,212 I31T probably benign Het
Oaz2 G A 9: 65,689,167 R171Q possibly damaging Het
Olfr1101 T G 2: 86,989,080 Y32S probably damaging Het
Olfr1226 T G 2: 89,193,951 I28L probably benign Het
Olfr76 T G 19: 12,120,610 D34A possibly damaging Het
Pcdhgc4 T A 18: 37,817,974 Y814* probably null Het
Pcm1 T A 8: 41,261,126 I243K probably damaging Het
Pdcd11 A T 19: 47,096,964 N171I probably damaging Het
Phf20l1 T A 15: 66,615,235 V400E possibly damaging Het
Prl2b1 G T 13: 27,388,426 probably null Het
Psg28 T A 7: 18,428,117 T154S possibly damaging Het
Ptgs2 T A 1: 150,101,339 M99K probably damaging Het
Ptprh T A 7: 4,603,098 M1L probably benign Het
Rbp4 T C 19: 38,124,098 T140A possibly damaging Het
Rhbdd3 G A 11: 5,103,236 R12Q probably benign Het
Saal1 T C 7: 46,692,903 N372S probably benign Het
Satb1 T C 17: 51,805,322 E88G possibly damaging Het
Skiv2l2 T C 13: 112,908,901 T366A probably benign Het
Slc6a9 G T 4: 117,864,010 C319F probably damaging Het
Smc6 T G 12: 11,289,129 V322G probably benign Het
Snrnp200 T A 2: 127,231,689 F1336I probably damaging Het
Spg7 T A 8: 123,089,049 probably null Het
Stab2 G A 10: 86,972,881 T188I probably benign Het
Tbata A G 10: 61,175,742 E19G probably benign Het
Tcof1 G C 18: 60,829,051 A702G possibly damaging Het
Ticrr T C 7: 79,682,012 V757A possibly damaging Het
Tle1 T C 4: 72,141,292 S261G probably null Het
Tlr3 T A 8: 45,397,737 I708L probably benign Het
Tph2 A C 10: 115,080,001 S422R probably damaging Het
Trim26 A G 17: 36,850,772 T28A probably damaging Het
Trmt10c A G 16: 56,035,191 L27S probably benign Het
Tubb6 T C 18: 67,401,720 S230P probably damaging Het
Usf1 C T 1: 171,417,817 Q266* probably null Het
Vegfa A G 17: 46,025,535 F220L probably damaging Het
Vmn2r105 C T 17: 20,208,675 C713Y probably benign Het
Vmn2r17 T A 5: 109,420,169 S53T probably benign Het
Xirp2 A T 2: 67,512,730 T1772S probably benign Het
Zfp462 T C 4: 55,007,747 I62T probably benign Het
Zfp516 T A 18: 83,001,328 I1157N probably benign Het
Zfp819 C A 7: 43,617,892 Q600K probably benign Het
Other mutations in Max
AlleleSourceChrCoordTypePredicted EffectPPH Score
IGL00488:Max APN 12 76938630 missense probably damaging 1.00
R0304:Max UTSW 12 76938587 missense probably benign 0.00
R1658:Max UTSW 12 76938581 missense probably benign 0.08
R1691:Max UTSW 12 76953272 missense possibly damaging 0.94
R7477:Max UTSW 12 76953186 missense probably benign 0.01
R7863:Max UTSW 12 76940074 missense probably damaging 1.00
Predicted Primers PCR Primer
(F):5'- AGTCCTCTAGCTTTGACGGAAG -3'
(R):5'- TGGGATAAAGACCATAGCTAGC -3'

Sequencing Primer
(F):5'- TTTGACGGAAGCCCAGGTG -3'
(R):5'- GGATAAAGACCATAGCTAGCCTTTAC -3'
Posted On2019-12-27