Incidental Mutation 'R1061:Gcm2'
ID94528
Institutional Source Beutler Lab
Gene Symbol Gcm2
Ensembl Gene ENSMUSG00000021362
Gene Nameglial cells missing homolog 2
SynonymsGcm1-rs2
MMRRC Submission 039147-MU
Accession Numbers
Is this an essential gene? Possibly non essential (E-score: 0.423) question?
Stock #R1061 (G1)
Quality Score225
Status Not validated
Chromosome13
Chromosomal Location41101427-41111035 bp(-) (GRCm38)
Type of Mutationmissense
DNA Base Change (assembly) A to G at 41105871 bp
ZygosityHeterozygous
Amino Acid Change Tryptophan to Arginine at position 41 (W41R)
Ref Sequence ENSEMBL: ENSMUSP00000153244 (fasta)
Gene Model predicted gene model for transcript(s): [ENSMUST00000021791] [ENSMUST00000225271]
Predicted Effect probably damaging
Transcript: ENSMUST00000021791
AA Change: W41R

PolyPhen 2 Score 1.000 (Sensitivity: 0.00; Specificity: 1.00)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000021791
Gene: ENSMUSG00000021362
AA Change: W41R

DomainStartEndE-ValueType
Pfam:GCM 35 172 4.8e-74 PFAM
Predicted Effect probably damaging
Transcript: ENSMUST00000225271
AA Change: W41R

PolyPhen 2 Score 1.000 (Sensitivity: 0.00; Specificity: 1.00)
Predicted Effect noncoding transcript
Transcript: ENSMUST00000225420
Coding Region Coverage
  • 1x: 99.1%
  • 3x: 98.3%
  • 10x: 96.4%
  • 20x: 93.1%
Validation Efficiency
MGI Phenotype FUNCTION: [Summary is not available for the mouse gene. This summary is for the human ortholog.] This gene is a homolog of the Drosophila glial cells missing gene, which is thought to act as a binary switch between neuronal and glial cell determination. The protein encoded by this gene contains a conserved N-terminal GCM motif that has DNA-binding activity. The protein is a transcription factor that acts as a master regulator of parathyroid development. It has been suggested that this transcription factor might mediate the effect of calcium on parathyroid hormone expression and secretion in parathyroid cells. Mutations in this gene are associated with hypoparathyroidism. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
PHENOTYPE: Homozygous null mice lack parathyroid glands and exhibit hypocalcemia, hypophosphatemia, a mild abnormal bone phenotype, and partial perinatal lethality. Hypoparathyroidism is observed although parathyroid hormone serum levels are normal. [provided by MGI curators]
Allele List at MGI
Other mutations in this stock
Total: 63 list
GeneRefVarChr/LocMutationPredicted EffectZygosity
Abcb11 C T 2: 69,277,809 A715T probably benign Het
Ampd2 A G 3: 108,075,689 Y641H probably damaging Het
Aqp4 A T 18: 15,398,191 V171E probably damaging Het
Arid4a T A 12: 71,074,955 S381R probably damaging Het
Armc8 T G 9: 99,537,731 N51H probably damaging Het
Asic5 T A 3: 82,021,001 Y424N probably damaging Het
Bcl11a A T 11: 24,164,069 K471* probably null Het
Birc6 A G 17: 74,689,312 T4494A probably damaging Het
Btbd9 A G 17: 30,527,435 I139T probably benign Het
Ccdc114 T C 7: 45,941,755 I218T probably damaging Het
Ccdc60 C A 5: 116,172,468 R178S possibly damaging Het
Cd163 C T 6: 124,309,169 A226V probably benign Het
Cog1 T G 11: 113,652,037 S170A probably benign Het
Cwc15 T C 9: 14,507,915 L169P probably damaging Het
Cyp3a25 A T 5: 145,986,833 D333E probably benign Het
Ddc C T 11: 11,829,132 V331I probably benign Het
Dlc1 T A 8: 36,858,051 T367S probably benign Het
Dnah17 T C 11: 118,052,688 D3183G possibly damaging Het
Eif2a T A 3: 58,545,065 Y165* probably null Het
Eml6 T C 11: 29,777,267 D1285G probably damaging Het
Fam92b C A 8: 120,169,704 probably null Het
Fasn T C 11: 120,822,182 probably null Het
Fbn1 T C 2: 125,345,963 T1549A probably benign Het
Fezf2 T C 14: 12,342,713 Y384C probably damaging Het
Flvcr1 A T 1: 191,008,173 V550E probably benign Het
Gli2 A T 1: 118,854,517 M160K possibly damaging Het
Gpr61 C T 3: 108,150,307 R346H probably damaging Het
Hoxa5 A T 6: 52,204,155 S66T probably benign Het
Hsph1 A T 5: 149,618,418 V781D possibly damaging Het
Kdm3b G A 18: 34,796,862 V220M probably damaging Het
Klhl25 T A 7: 75,866,520 Y391* probably null Het
Mc2r A T 18: 68,407,809 Y138N probably damaging Het
Mtap C A 4: 89,156,584 D106E probably benign Het
Nup43 G T 10: 7,667,671 W37L probably damaging Het
Nxpe2 T A 9: 48,326,363 E197D probably damaging Het
Olfr1098 A T 2: 86,922,782 V250D possibly damaging Het
Olfr484 T C 7: 108,124,456 Y269C probably damaging Het
Olfr544 T A 7: 102,484,114 *335C probably null Het
Olfr934 C A 9: 38,982,483 C187F probably damaging Het
Pitrm1 A G 13: 6,555,575 H186R probably damaging Het
Pklr C T 3: 89,144,881 R467C probably damaging Het
Plxna2 A G 1: 194,644,093 N112D probably damaging Het
Ppp1r16a C T 15: 76,693,669 Q328* probably null Het
Ppp3cb A C 14: 20,508,614 probably null Het
R3hcc1l C T 19: 42,583,426 R135* probably null Het
Ralyl A C 3: 14,115,701 D68A probably damaging Het
Rif1 GCCACCA GCCA 2: 52,110,324 probably benign Het
S100a1 T C 3: 90,511,312 N65S probably damaging Het
Scn11a A T 9: 119,795,663 M531K probably damaging Het
Slc5a5 T A 8: 70,890,221 M232L probably benign Het
Tet3 A T 6: 83,373,323 N1054K probably damaging Het
Tg A G 15: 66,698,559 N1427D probably benign Het
Tns1 A C 1: 73,917,672 V530G probably damaging Het
Trcg1 C A 9: 57,245,873 Q600K possibly damaging Het
Tshz3 A G 7: 36,768,706 E40G probably damaging Het
Usp34 T C 11: 23,384,420 F1138S possibly damaging Het
Vmn2r26 C T 6: 124,061,644 T726I probably benign Het
Vmn2r97 A T 17: 18,928,178 R112* probably null Het
Vwa2 G T 19: 56,908,994 R577L probably benign Het
Vwa3b A C 1: 37,157,430 Q46P probably damaging Het
Wdr25 T A 12: 108,992,799 probably null Het
Wrap53 A G 11: 69,562,400 L405P probably damaging Het
Zfp629 C A 7: 127,611,989 W216L probably damaging Het
Other mutations in Gcm2
AlleleSourceChrCoordTypePredicted EffectPPH Score
IGL01312:Gcm2 APN 13 41103131 missense probably damaging 1.00
IGL01476:Gcm2 APN 13 41105741 missense probably damaging 1.00
IGL02034:Gcm2 APN 13 41105793 missense probably damaging 1.00
IGL02186:Gcm2 APN 13 41104649 missense possibly damaging 0.93
IGL02456:Gcm2 APN 13 41103001 missense probably benign 0.01
IGL03142:Gcm2 APN 13 41103235 missense probably benign 0.01
IGL03184:Gcm2 APN 13 41105412 missense probably damaging 1.00
PIT4403001:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41102839 missense probably benign 0.01
R0227:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41105856 missense probably damaging 0.99
R1813:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41105891 missense probably benign 0.19
R2057:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41109954 start codon destroyed probably null 0.28
R2058:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41109954 start codon destroyed probably null 0.28
R2059:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41109954 start codon destroyed probably null 0.28
R2351:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41103618 missense probably benign 0.02
R4653:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41102841 missense probably benign 0.21
R4782:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41103494 missense possibly damaging 0.66
R4799:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41103494 missense possibly damaging 0.66
R5135:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41102959 missense probably benign
R5162:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41103655 missense probably benign 0.01
R5665:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41109911 missense possibly damaging 0.73
R5756:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41109896 missense probably damaging 1.00
R5771:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41103515 missense probably benign 0.40
R5928:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41103398 missense probably benign 0.00
R5977:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41103127 missense probably damaging 0.99
R6394:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41109897 missense probably damaging 1.00
R6578:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41105678 missense probably damaging 1.00
R6798:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41105885 missense probably damaging 1.00
R7088:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41103364 missense probably damaging 0.98
R7413:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41105754 missense probably damaging 1.00
R7456:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41103275 missense probably benign 0.02
Z1088:Gcm2 UTSW 13 41102792 missense probably damaging 1.00
Predicted Primers PCR Primer
(F):5'- GCTCCAAAGCCACCATTTCTGC -3'
(R):5'- AAAGCATTCTGACCACGTATAGCCC -3'

Sequencing Primer
(F):5'- CCTTGTCACAGATGGCTGG -3'
(R):5'- CTGTGATCCGGGCTTCTTAATGTA -3'
Posted On2014-01-05