Incidental Mutation 'YA93:Lct'
ID77
Institutional Source Beutler Lab
Gene Symbol Lct
Ensembl Gene ENSMUSG00000026354
Gene Namelactase
SynonymsLPH, LOC226413, Lphl
Accession Numbers

Genbank: NM_001081078; MGI:104576

Is this an essential gene? Possibly non essential (E-score: 0.392) question?
Stock #YA93 of strain inept
Quality Score
Status Validated
Chromosome1
Chromosomal Location128284756-128328318 bp(-) (GRCm38)
Type of Mutationmissense
DNA Base Change (assembly) C to T at 128301320 bp
ZygosityHeterozygous
Amino Acid Change Glycine to Aspartic acid at position 812 (G812D)
Ref Sequence ENSEMBL: ENSMUSP00000073190 (fasta)
Gene Model predicted gene model for transcript(s): [ENSMUST00000073490]
Predicted Effect probably damaging
Transcript: ENSMUST00000073490
AA Change: G812D

PolyPhen 2 Score 1.000 (Sensitivity: 0.00; Specificity: 1.00)
SMART Domains Protein: ENSMUSP00000073190
Gene: ENSMUSG00000026354
AA Change: G812D

DomainStartEndE-ValueType
Pfam:Glyco_hydro_1 76 226 1.6e-19 PFAM
low complexity region 322 340 N/A INTRINSIC
Pfam:Glyco_hydro_1 380 849 4.8e-169 PFAM
low complexity region 865 875 N/A INTRINSIC
Pfam:Glyco_hydro_1 902 1368 3.7e-181 PFAM
Pfam:Glyco_hydro_1 1377 1844 6.9e-183 PFAM
transmembrane domain 1885 1907 N/A INTRINSIC
Meta Mutation Damage Score 0.302 question?
Coding Region Coverage
  • 1x: 90.4%
  • 3x: 81.3%
Validation Efficiency 88% (101/115)
MGI Phenotype FUNCTION: [Summary is not available for the mouse gene. This summary is for the human ortholog.] The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the glycosyl hydrolase 1 family of proteins. The encoded preproprotein is proteolytically processed to generate the mature enzyme. This enzyme is integral to the plasma membrane and has both phlorizin hydrolase activity and lactase activity. Mutations in this gene are associated with congenital lactase deficiency. Polymorphisms in this gene are associated with lactase persistence, in which intestinal lactase activity persists at childhood levels into adulthood. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2016]
Allele List at MGI
Other mutations in this stock
Total: 15 list
GeneRefVarChr/LocMutationPredicted EffectZygosity
Arhgef4 C T 1: 34,732,217 R1202W probably benign Het
B4galnt4 T A 7: 141,067,411 I358K possibly damaging Homo
Chodl A G 16: 78,941,282 H46R probably benign Homo
Cubn C A 2: 13,383,992 R1468L probably benign Het
Dlg5 G A 14: 24,155,133 probably benign Het
Dntt A C 19: 41,053,187 M437L probably benign Het
Gm8251 A G 1: 44,065,085 probably benign Het
Grsf1 G A 5: 88,673,735 P157S probably damaging Het
Osbpl5 T A 7: 143,693,870 I744F probably benign Homo
Pbld2 T A 10: 63,054,445 Y211N possibly damaging Het
Peg3 T A 7: 6,711,647 E192V probably damaging Het
Ptbp3 T C 4: 59,524,413 T38A possibly damaging Het
Rpap3 T A 15: 97,693,233 E241V possibly damaging Het
Scara3 C A 14: 65,930,949 M406I probably damaging Het
Serpinf2 C A 11: 75,432,684 V399L probably benign Het
Other mutations in Lct
AlleleSourceChrCoordTypePredicted EffectPPH Score
IGL00777:Lct APN 1 128287556 missense probably benign 0.09
IGL00970:Lct APN 1 128304068 missense probably damaging 1.00
IGL01022:Lct APN 1 128300859 missense probably benign
IGL01878:Lct APN 1 128294266 missense probably damaging 1.00
IGL01892:Lct APN 1 128307605 missense probably damaging 1.00
IGL02307:Lct APN 1 128286590 missense possibly damaging 0.70
IGL02434:Lct APN 1 128303790 missense probably damaging 0.97
IGL02559:Lct APN 1 128294266 missense probably damaging 1.00
IGL02623:Lct APN 1 128308251 missense probably benign 0.01
IGL02818:Lct APN 1 128300168 missense probably damaging 1.00
IGL02949:Lct APN 1 128313132 missense probably benign 0.26
IGL02951:Lct APN 1 128300211 missense probably damaging 1.00
IGL03087:Lct APN 1 128300375 missense possibly damaging 0.81
IGL03227:Lct APN 1 128327689 missense probably benign 0.09
ANU18:Lct UTSW 1 128308047 nonsense probably null
R0071:Lct UTSW 1 128292018 nonsense probably null
R0071:Lct UTSW 1 128292018 nonsense probably null
R0135:Lct UTSW 1 128285123 missense probably damaging 0.98
R0145:Lct UTSW 1 128327895 missense probably benign 0.00
R0179:Lct UTSW 1 128327685 missense probably benign
R0331:Lct UTSW 1 128298742 splice site probably benign
R0366:Lct UTSW 1 128286462 missense probably benign 0.03
R0399:Lct UTSW 1 128300525 missense probably damaging 1.00
R0492:Lct UTSW 1 128300582 missense probably damaging 1.00
R0548:Lct UTSW 1 128285195 missense probably damaging 1.00
R0691:Lct UTSW 1 128308234 missense probably benign 0.00
R0755:Lct UTSW 1 128294135 missense possibly damaging 0.46
R0839:Lct UTSW 1 128286609 missense probably benign 0.00
R1128:Lct UTSW 1 128301309 missense probably damaging 0.99
R1135:Lct UTSW 1 128294124 critical splice donor site probably null
R1321:Lct UTSW 1 128300022 missense probably benign
R1448:Lct UTSW 1 128307822 missense probably damaging 0.99
R1450:Lct UTSW 1 128307903 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1572:Lct UTSW 1 128294195 missense probably benign 0.25
R1582:Lct UTSW 1 128300562 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1668:Lct UTSW 1 128287722 splice site probably null
R1757:Lct UTSW 1 128301257 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1775:Lct UTSW 1 128300301 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1792:Lct UTSW 1 128327942 missense possibly damaging 0.54
R1815:Lct UTSW 1 128300159 missense probably damaging 1.00
R1932:Lct UTSW 1 128294161 missense probably damaging 1.00
R2325:Lct UTSW 1 128304226 missense probably damaging 1.00
R2381:Lct UTSW 1 128304121 nonsense probably null
R3001:Lct UTSW 1 128304226 missense probably damaging 1.00
R3002:Lct UTSW 1 128304226 missense probably damaging 1.00
R3003:Lct UTSW 1 128304226 missense probably damaging 1.00
R3011:Lct UTSW 1 128301372 missense possibly damaging 0.74
R3082:Lct UTSW 1 128287608 missense probably damaging 1.00
R3683:Lct UTSW 1 128304226 missense probably damaging 1.00
R3684:Lct UTSW 1 128304226 missense probably damaging 1.00
R3726:Lct UTSW 1 128304226 missense probably damaging 1.00
R3886:Lct UTSW 1 128304226 missense probably damaging 1.00
R3887:Lct UTSW 1 128304226 missense probably damaging 1.00
R3888:Lct UTSW 1 128304226 missense probably damaging 1.00
R4019:Lct UTSW 1 128304226 missense probably damaging 1.00
R4027:Lct UTSW 1 128285181 missense probably benign 0.00
R4226:Lct UTSW 1 128304226 missense probably damaging 1.00
R4409:Lct UTSW 1 128304226 missense probably damaging 1.00
R4514:Lct UTSW 1 128300514 missense probably benign
R4570:Lct UTSW 1 128299904 missense probably benign 0.01
R4776:Lct UTSW 1 128300387 missense probably damaging 0.99
R5001:Lct UTSW 1 128308241 missense probably damaging 0.96
R5021:Lct UTSW 1 128300565 missense probably benign 0.38
R5318:Lct UTSW 1 128304372 missense probably damaging 1.00
R5330:Lct UTSW 1 128298529 missense probably benign 0.06
R5385:Lct UTSW 1 128311617 missense possibly damaging 0.63
R5499:Lct UTSW 1 128286677 missense probably damaging 1.00
R5508:Lct UTSW 1 128294131 missense probably damaging 1.00
R5642:Lct UTSW 1 128295232 missense probably damaging 1.00
R5724:Lct UTSW 1 128300336 missense probably benign
R6026:Lct UTSW 1 128300018 missense probably benign
R6044:Lct UTSW 1 128307980 missense possibly damaging 0.95
R6175:Lct UTSW 1 128327714 missense probably damaging 1.00
R6277:Lct UTSW 1 128304237 missense probably benign 0.01
R6412:Lct UTSW 1 128327718 missense probably benign 0.00
R6480:Lct UTSW 1 128294320 missense probably damaging 1.00
R6526:Lct UTSW 1 128300478 missense probably benign 0.05
R6620:Lct UTSW 1 128295072 critical splice donor site probably null
X0052:Lct UTSW 1 128307630 missense probably damaging 1.00
Nature of Mutation
DNA sequencing using the SOLiD technique identified a G to A transition at position 2450 of the Lct transcript. The mutated nucleotide causes a glycine to aspartic acid substitution at amino acid 812 of the encoded protein. The mutation has been confirmed by DNA sequencing using the Sanger method (Figure 1).
Protein Function & Prediction
The Lct gene encodes for the 1931 amino acid lactase-phlorizin hydrolase (LPH).  LPH has both lactase and phlorizin hydrolase activity and is the enzyme responsible for breaking down lactose in animals. LPH is produced as a pro-enzyme with a transmembrane domain and is proteolytically processed to an active form.  
 

The G812D change is predicted to be possibly damaging by the PolyPhen program.

Posted OnMar 01, 2010